Navigation Links
Longitudinal study investigates cocaine's impact on adolescent development

Teen years are filled with experimenting. Sometimes that means trying some risky behaviors.

Nearly 400 teens, half of which were prenatally exposed to cocaine, will be studied in their adolescent years. Researchers will look at the youths' choices when it comes to using drugs, having sex or engaging in delinquent behaviors, and see if there is an association with prenatal cocaine exposure. The study will also closely follow the cognitive development and mental health behavior of the young people.

Sonia Minnes, an assistant professor from the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences at Case Western Reserve University and now the lead researcher in phase four of a long-term study of cocaine exposed children, has received a five-year, nearly $5 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

"This latest funding will help us to continue to tell the story of what happens in the development of prenatally cocaine-exposed children," says Minnes.

With the inception of this new study, "Prenatal Cocaine Exposure in Adolescence," Minnes and her co-investigators will follow the children through age 18.

The study began with 415 infant-mother (or caretaker) pairs recruited at the infant's birth. Over the years, the children's development has been followed, as well as the mental health and substance abuse by the mother or caregiver. In three previous phases of NIDA funding, the researchers found that prenatal cocaine exposure negatively affects attention, language development, behavior and the ability to process visual information.

"Most people know that mothers should not use drugs during pregnancy," says Minnes. "This study over time will tell us what risks are associated with a specific prenatal drug exposure and how environmental influences shape developmental outcomes."

She adds that they have found important environmental factors such as elevated blood lead, maternal mental health and vocabulary level and the type of caregiver placement, are important to consider in evaluating prenatal cocaine exposure's effect on developmental outcome. "The study will help us understand what interventions are needed at different developmental stages in their lives."

The study has been underway since 1994, when Lynn Singer, deputy provost and professor of pediatrics in the school of medicine, questioned what happens to prenatally cocaine-exposed children as they grow older. Minnes, who worked as the project coordinator since its beginning, became the study's principal investigator in 2007.

Her recent appointment to the Mandel School of Applied Social Science, where she earned her doctorate in social work, comes at a pivotal point in the study's progress as the focus shifts towards social behavior issues traditionally studied in the realm of social work, says Minnes. She will draw from the expertise of colleagues at MSASS who can provide additional insight regarding the effects of neighborhood and family violence, parental substance use, and placement issues on the development of prenatally cocaine-exposed adolescents.

Findings from the study will provide important information to early intervention specialists and child policy experts who can then develop targeted therapeutic interventions.


Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Related medicine news :

1. Study finds adverse effects in treatment for primary sclerosing cholangitis
2. Study shows carvedilol is effective in preventing variceal bleeding in cirrhotic patients
3. Profiles International Releases New Study Identifying Key Factors for Strategic Workforce Planning
4. Thomson Reuters Study Finds Impact of Recession Easing on U.S. Hospitals
5. Retirees health-care benefits at risk, study warns
6. Lilly Reports on Outcome of Phase III Study of Arzoxifene
7. New study finds links between video-game playing and health risks in adults
8. Gen-Probe Begins U.S. Clinical Study of APTIMA(R) Trichomonas Vaginalis Assay on the TIGRIS(R) System
9. Study shows how to boost value of Alzheimers-fighting compounds
10. Low-income kids report first sexual intercourse at 12 years old in new national study
11. Excessive exercise can be addicting, new study says
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... ... Sir Grout of Greater Boston donated an expansive, seven room tile and ... (RMHC®). This donation was made in an effort to give back to the local ... “We believe strongly in the Ronald McDonald House Charities, and they are truly a ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... , ... October 13, 2015 , ... "My friend's son ... fists into his infected cheeks," said an inventor from Platteville, Colo. "I came up ... problems." , He developed the UNTOUCHABLE to prevent a child from rubbing or scratching ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... pain management services, today announced its partnership with WPC Healthcare , a ... disparate systems and organizes the data into an aggregated data repository necessary to ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... , ... According to an article published October 5th by the ... lose weight with a bariatric procedure are much less likely to develop endometrial cancer, ... anywhere from 40 to 50 percent of all endometrial cancer cases are caused by ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... Altec ... their sponsorship of the Microsoft Dynamics AXUG, GPUG and NAVUG Summits to take ... and NAVUG Summit are independent user conferences designed and led by users to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/13/2015)... 2015   Vigilant Biosciences, Inc. ("Vigilant"), a ... the early detection and intervention of cancer, announced today ... CEO, Matthew H.J. Kim , the Weaver H. ... entrepreneur who has made extraordinary contributions to the growth ... in the leadership of a company or institution. ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... Oct. 13, 2015 WuXi PharmaTech (Cayman) ... technology platform company serving the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and ... launched a mobile version of OncoWuXi, the first ... access oncology models and data on the go.  ... at any time to identify relevant tumor models ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... , Oct. 13, 2015   Happy ... direct-to-consumer laboratory home testing kit for breast ... technologies provide an unparalleled, detailed assessment of ... milk—fats, proteins, carbs and key vitamins—all charted ... for personal health tracking.  In addition, Happy Vitals ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: