Navigation Links
Longitudinal study investigates cocaine's impact on adolescent development

Teen years are filled with experimenting. Sometimes that means trying some risky behaviors.

Nearly 400 teens, half of which were prenatally exposed to cocaine, will be studied in their adolescent years. Researchers will look at the youths' choices when it comes to using drugs, having sex or engaging in delinquent behaviors, and see if there is an association with prenatal cocaine exposure. The study will also closely follow the cognitive development and mental health behavior of the young people.

Sonia Minnes, an assistant professor from the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences at Case Western Reserve University and now the lead researcher in phase four of a long-term study of cocaine exposed children, has received a five-year, nearly $5 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

"This latest funding will help us to continue to tell the story of what happens in the development of prenatally cocaine-exposed children," says Minnes.

With the inception of this new study, "Prenatal Cocaine Exposure in Adolescence," Minnes and her co-investigators will follow the children through age 18.

The study began with 415 infant-mother (or caretaker) pairs recruited at the infant's birth. Over the years, the children's development has been followed, as well as the mental health and substance abuse by the mother or caregiver. In three previous phases of NIDA funding, the researchers found that prenatal cocaine exposure negatively affects attention, language development, behavior and the ability to process visual information.

"Most people know that mothers should not use drugs during pregnancy," says Minnes. "This study over time will tell us what risks are associated with a specific prenatal drug exposure and how environmental influences shape developmental outcomes."

She adds that they have found important environmental factors such as elevated blood lead, maternal mental health and vocabulary level and the type of caregiver placement, are important to consider in evaluating prenatal cocaine exposure's effect on developmental outcome. "The study will help us understand what interventions are needed at different developmental stages in their lives."

The study has been underway since 1994, when Lynn Singer, deputy provost and professor of pediatrics in the school of medicine, questioned what happens to prenatally cocaine-exposed children as they grow older. Minnes, who worked as the project coordinator since its beginning, became the study's principal investigator in 2007.

Her recent appointment to the Mandel School of Applied Social Science, where she earned her doctorate in social work, comes at a pivotal point in the study's progress as the focus shifts towards social behavior issues traditionally studied in the realm of social work, says Minnes. She will draw from the expertise of colleagues at MSASS who can provide additional insight regarding the effects of neighborhood and family violence, parental substance use, and placement issues on the development of prenatally cocaine-exposed adolescents.

Findings from the study will provide important information to early intervention specialists and child policy experts who can then develop targeted therapeutic interventions.


Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Related medicine news :

1. Study finds adverse effects in treatment for primary sclerosing cholangitis
2. Study shows carvedilol is effective in preventing variceal bleeding in cirrhotic patients
3. Profiles International Releases New Study Identifying Key Factors for Strategic Workforce Planning
4. Thomson Reuters Study Finds Impact of Recession Easing on U.S. Hospitals
5. Retirees health-care benefits at risk, study warns
6. Lilly Reports on Outcome of Phase III Study of Arzoxifene
7. New study finds links between video-game playing and health risks in adults
8. Gen-Probe Begins U.S. Clinical Study of APTIMA(R) Trichomonas Vaginalis Assay on the TIGRIS(R) System
9. Study shows how to boost value of Alzheimers-fighting compounds
10. Low-income kids report first sexual intercourse at 12 years old in new national study
11. Excessive exercise can be addicting, new study says
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 25, 2015 , ... As part of a global movement ... volunteers together who want to combine talents and resources to help create sustainable ... process. The non-profit launched its first major fundraiser on November 6, 2015 at ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... TyloHelo ... parts and accessories. , Sauna accessories help improve the bather experience in the ... From basic styles for the purist looking for simplicity in design to accessories ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 2015 , ... For the first time, Vitalalert is donating half of its ... The partnership between the two groups began in 2014 with Vitalalert pledging a portion ... International was founded in 1954 and is an international Christian-based health organization whose mission ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... On November 25, 2015, officials of Narconon ... announced the release of a new cutting edge recovery program that has been 50 ... with drug- and alcohol-addicted individuals with the purpose to free addicts from the symptoms ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... ... Smiles by Stevens is pleased to announce the addition of Botox® for the ... of the benefits of Botox® in the treatment of moderate facial wrinkling, few have ... pain as a result of Jaw Tension, TMJ (temporo-mandibular joint) disorder, and Bruxism (the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... Nov. 26, 2015 Research and Markets ... the "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies ... Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, Emerging ... --> --> This ... the Japanese therapeutic drug monitoring market, including emerging ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 ... "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies ... Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive ... offering. --> ) has ... Future Horizons and Growth Strategies in the ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... DUBLIN , November 26, 2015 ... has announced the addition of the  ... in the European Therapeutic Drug Monitoring ... Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, Emerging Opportunities"  report ... ) has announced the addition ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: