Navigation Links
Little evidence supports autism treatment options in adolescents
Date:8/27/2012

Vanderbilt University researchers studying interventions for adolescents and young adults with autism are reporting today that there is insufficient evidence to support findings, good or bad, for the therapies currently used.

Although the prevalence of autism is on the rise, much remains to be discovered when it comes to interventions for this population, the researchers concluded.

"Overall, there is very little evidence in all areas of care for adolescents and young adults with autism, and it is urgent that more rigorous studies be developed and conducted," said Melissa McPheeters, Ph.D., M.P.H., director of Vanderbilt's Evidence-Based Practice Center and senior author of the report, a systematic review of therapies published by the Department of Health and Human Services' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

Zachary Warren, Ph.D., director of the Vanderbilt Kennedy Center's Treatment and Research Institute for Autism Spectrum Disorders, said, "There are growing numbers of adolescents and adults with autism in need of substantial support. Without a stronger evidence base, it is very hard to know which interventions will yield the most meaningful outcomes for individuals with autism and their families."

Key findings:

The researchers systematically screened more than 4,500 studies and reviewed the 32 studies published from January 1980 to December 2011 on therapies for people ages 13 to 30 with autism spectrum disorders. They focused on the outcomes, including harms and adverse effects, of interventions, including medical, behavioral, educational and vocational.

Some evidence revealed that treatments could improve social skills and educational outcomes such as vocabulary or reading, but the studies were generally small and had limited follow-up.

Limited evidence supports the use of medical interventions in adolescents and young adults with autism. The most consistent findings were identified for the effects of antipsychotic medications on reducing problem behaviors that tend to occur with autism, such as irritability and aggression. Harms associated with medications included sedation and weight gain.

Only five articles tested vocational interventions, all of which suggested that certain vocational interventions may be effective for certain individuals, but each study had significant flaws that limited the researchers' confidence in their conclusions. The researchers' findings on vocational interventions will be featured in the Aug. 27 issue of Pediatrics.

As recently as the 1970s, autism was believed to affect just one in 2,000 children, but newly released data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that one in 88 children has an autism spectrum disorder. Boys with autism outnumber girls 5-to-1, which estimates that one in 54 boys in the United States have autism.

"With more and more youth with autism leaving high school and entering the adult world, there is urgent need for evidence-based interventions that can improve their quality of life and functioning," said Julie Lounds Taylor, Ph.D., assistant professor of Pediatrics and Special Education and lead author of the report.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jennifer Wetzel
jennifer.wetzel@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Milk Thistle of Little Help Against Hepatitis C: Study
2. Kids Born Even a Little Early Have Lower School Scores: Study
3. New federal disclosure law may have little impact on drugs prescribed
4. Too much vitamin D can be as unhealthy as too little
5. OSHAs Safety Tests Protect Workers at Little Cost: Study
6. A Little More Education, a Little Longer Life?
7. Botox Offers Little Relief for Migraine, Study Finds
8. U.S. Spends Too Little on Public Health Initiatives: Report
9. In children born with severe heart defect, surgical management has little effect on neuro outcomes
10. First evidence from humans on how alcohol may boost risk of cancer
11. No evidence that drug used for preventing life-threatening bleeding in women during labor works
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... Altec ... The Resource Group as their 2016 Microsoft Dynamics Partner of the Year at ... CA. The award recognizes The Resource Group for their outstanding relationship with ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Sharon Kleyne, host of the nationally syndicated radio program, ... VoiceAmerica, recently talked on her program about how she is looking forward to World ... of an important distinction. World Water Day, Kleyne pointed out, is an occasion for ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... It’s that time of year ... are thinking about summer internships , which can be frustrating when they don’t ... at Garden Media Group, a boutique public relations firm outside of Philadelphia, have offered ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Richey, FL (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... announce that 2017 marks the 40th Anniversary of ABQAURP’s dedication to Health Care Quality ... honors those who have contributed not only to the association, but also to the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... On 2 March 2017, the United ... Operations Command’s Patriot Award. The award was presented by the USSOCOM Commander, General ... for its significant and enduring support to the command. , Accepting the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... March 23, 2017  Cornerstone Pharmaceuticals, Inc., ... major milestone today.  Following successful End-of-Phase I ... Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Company ... regulatory path forward to conduct pivotal trials ... with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and pancreatic ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 2017 BioLineRx Ltd. (NASDAQ/TASE: BLRX), a ... that it has acquired Agalimmune Ltd., a private UK-based company ... a $6 million upfront payment, of which $3 million is ... payments may be made based on development and commercial milestones. ... Agalimmune,s ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 AbbVie, a global ... Award-winning choreographer Julianne Hough is helping to ... in the Know about ME in EndoMEtriosis . " ... inspiring women to learn about and understand endometriosis, a ... and to address their symptoms with a healthcare ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: