Navigation Links
Little Evidence on Value of Treatments for Autism: Report

TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- There is just not enough evidence to determine whether or not current treatments actually help adolescents and young adults with autism, researchers report.

"Overall, there is very little evidence in all areas of care for adolescents and young adults with autism, and it is urgent that more rigorous studies be developed and conducted," report senior author Melissa McPheeters, director of Vanderbilt University's Evidence-Based Practice Center, said in a university news release.

Her team reviewed 32 studies published between 1980 and 2011 on therapies for people aged 13 to 30 with autism.

They found some evidence that treatments might boost social skills and educational outcomes such as vocabulary and reading, but the studies were generally small and had limited follow-up.

There was little evidence supporting the use of drug therapy for people with autism in these age groups. The most consistent findings showed that antipsychotic medications might lessen problem behaviors such as irritability and aggression. However, harmful side effects linked to these medications included weight gain and sedation.

Only five studies tested interventions involving work skills training for young people with autism. All of the studies suggested that vocational interventions may be effective for some adolescents and young adults with autism, but the studies also had significant flaws that raised questions about their conclusions.

One expert said the paucity of data on this topic is disheartening.

"Only five studies that address vocation skills were published in the last three decades, and all were of poor quality," said Geraldine Dawson, chief science officer at the advocacy group Autism Speaks. However, "the meager evidence that exists suggests that vocational interventions improve rates of employment, reduce autism symptoms, and [improve] quality of life."

She said more and better data is needed. "Given the huge number of adolescents [with autism] who will be entering adulthood in the next several years, it is crucial that we address this knowledge gap," Dawson said. "There is a great need for research to identify the most effective strategies for helping young people with autism navigate the transition to adulthood successfully."

Autism rates are rising, but much remains to be discovered about treatments, added the researchers, whose review was published by the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. The findings about vocational interventions were published separately in the Aug. 27 issue of the journal Pediatrics.

"There are growing numbers of adolescents and adults with autism in need of substantial support. Without a stronger evidence base, it is very hard to know which interventions will yield the most meaningful outcomes for individuals with autism and their families," Zachary Warren, director of the Vanderbilt Kennedy Center's Treatment and Research Institute for Autism Spectrum Disorders, said in the news release.

More information

Autism Speaks has more about autism treatments.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCES: Geraldine Dawson, Ph.D., chief science officer, Autism Speaks; Vanderbilt University, news release, Aug. 27, 2012

Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Little evidence supports autism treatment options in adolescents
2. Milk Thistle of Little Help Against Hepatitis C: Study
3. Kids Born Even a Little Early Have Lower School Scores: Study
4. New federal disclosure law may have little impact on drugs prescribed
5. Too much vitamin D can be as unhealthy as too little
6. OSHAs Safety Tests Protect Workers at Little Cost: Study
7. A Little More Education, a Little Longer Life?
8. Botox Offers Little Relief for Migraine, Study Finds
9. U.S. Spends Too Little on Public Health Initiatives: Report
10. In children born with severe heart defect, surgical management has little effect on neuro outcomes
11. First evidence from humans on how alcohol may boost risk of cancer
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Little Evidence on Value of Treatments for Autism: Report
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... Brent Kasmer, a legally blind and certified personal trainer is ... a fitness app. The fitness app plans to fix the two major problems leading the ... one size fits all type program , They don’t eliminate all the reasons ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... , ... June 25, 2016 , ... "With 30 hand-drawn ... specific project," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProHand ... all within Final Cut Pro X . Simply select a ProHand generator and ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Conventional wisdom preaches the benefits of ... of the latter, setting the bar too high can result in disappointment, perhaps even ... progress toward their goal. , Research from reveals that behind ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... The Pulmonary Hypertension Association ... it will receive two significant new grants to support its work to advance ... 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and scientists for their work in ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... People across the U.S. are ... Code Talker Award, an essay contest in which patients and their families pay tribute ... presented at the 2016 National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) Annual Education Conference (AEC) ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... OAKLAND, N.J. , June 24, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... in the design, development and manufacturing of collagen ... and regeneration announced today that Bill Messer ... Sales and Marketing to further leverage the growing ... surgery medical devices. Bill joins the ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Va. , June 24, 2016 The ... set of recommendations that would allow biopharmaceutical ... (HCEI) with entities that make formulary and coverage decisions, ... the "value" of new medicines. The recommendations ... does not appear on the drug label, a prohibition ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016   Pulmatrix, Inc ., (NASDAQ: ... drugs, announced today that it was added to the ... its comprehensive set of U.S. and global equity indexes ... important milestone for Pulmatrix," said Chief Executive Officer ... our progress in developing drugs for crucial unmet medical ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: