Navigation Links
Link between depression and inflammatory response found in mice
Date:12/20/2010

Vanderbilt University researchers may have found a clue to the blues that can come with the flu depression may be triggered by the same mechanisms that enable the immune system to respond to infection.

In a study in the December issue of Neuropsychopharmacology, Chong-Bin Zhu, M.D., Ph.D., Randy Blakely, Ph.D., William Hewlett, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues activated the immune system in mice to produce "despair-like" behavior that has similarities to depression in humans.

"Many people exhibit signs of lethargy and depressed mood during flu-like illnesses," said Blakely, director of the Vanderbilt Center for Molecular Neuroscience. "Generally these have been treated as just a consequence of being physically ill, but we think there is likely to be something more brain-centric at work here."

Blakely and his colleagues previously reported that inflammatory cytokines can enhance the activity of the serotonin transporter (SERT), which regulates the supply of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the synapse, or gap between nerve cells.

Elevations in SERT activity remove serotonin from brain synapses at an enhanced rate and, based on studies in animal models and man, would be predicted to increase the risk for mood and anxiety disorders. Indeed, a class of antidepressant drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) Prozac, Zoloft, etc. work by blocking the ability of SERT to eliminate serotonin.

In the current study in mice, the researchers triggered pro-inflammatory cytokine production. Within 30 to 60 minutes, SERT was activated in the brain and the animals displayed despair-like behavior.

Remarkably, this behavior was not observed when cytokine production was triggered in mice lacking the SERT gene. Similarly, a drug that blocks inflammatory molecule signaling also prevented stimulation of SERT and the despair behavior. "It's as if these inflammatory molecules are an 'anti-Prozac,'" Blakely said.

In their paper, the researchers cautioned that "we do not presume that changes in SERT activity alone are sufficient to induce the full spectrum of depression traits, nor that our animal model can reproduce all the elements of a complex neuropsychiatric disorder."

"Nonetheless, we were able to identify a mechanism that may be a engaged, even without inflammation, to impact risk for depressive illness," Blakely said.

More study is needed. Identifying genetic variations in the SERT activation pathway, for example, might suggest additional sources of genetic risk for depression. "Our work suggests that novel therapies targeting inflammation-linked pathways may be of use in the treatment of mood disorders," he said.

Zhu is research associate professor of Pharmacology, Blakely is the Alan D. Bass Professor of Pharmacology and professor of Psychiatry, and Hewlett is associate professor of Psychiatry and Pharmacology.


'/>"/>

Contact: Bill Snyder
bill.snyder@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Playing by the rules? New book examines relationship between law and sport
2. AGA, General Mills announce grant to uncover role between intestinal bacteria and health and disease
3. New trial studies link between stroke and atrial fibrillation
4. Tests between colonoscopies could be lifesaver for high-risk patients
5. Low-dose aspirin reduces death rates from range of cancers by between 20 and 30 percent
6. Study Suggests Link Between Crohns Disease and PTSD
7. No Link Between Heartburn Drugs and Birth Defects: Study
8. Study Sees Link Between Low Salt Levels, Fracture Risk in Older Adults
9. No difference in nonsuicide mortality between 2 anti-psychotic drugs
10. Researchers discover important link between adrenal gland hormone and brain in hypertension
11. Frequency of foot disorders differs between African-Americans and whites
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... Guruji Mahendra ... 9th, 10th and 11th, 2016 in honor of his birthday on February 10th. ... happiness. Mahendra Trivedi is known by over 250,000 people from over 40 different ...
(Date:2/7/2016)... ... February 07, 2016 , ... Women’s Excellence now ... the most minimally invasive approaches. , Women who have had multiple vaginal births ... factors include surgery to the pelvic floor, connective tissue disorders, and obesity. Women ...
(Date:2/7/2016)... Scottsdale, AZ (PRWEB) , ... February 07, 2016 ... ... & Neck and Facial Plastics, has added Kybella® to his medical and surgical ... is a newly approved FDA injectable medication used as a non-surgical alternative for ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... February 06, 2016 , ... With ... and easily add warm color grades to their footage. A LUT is a Lookup ... pixel's color to the corresponding color indicated by the table. By manipulating each pixel, ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Steven Tonkinson, 36, of Coconut Grove, Florida, ran the Miami ... in 2003. This year, he ran all 26.2 miles with a green 25-pound ShelterBox ... Miami Heat. , This Sunday, while many are watching the Superbowl, Steven Tonkinson will ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... Tenn. , Feb. 8, 2016  A research ... scientists has discovered details of how the abnormal ... triggers a particularly aggressive form of acute lymphoblastic leukemia ... in which genetic mutations trigger overproduction of immature cells, ... The discoveries of the malfunction underlying the type ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... SAN DIEGO , Feb. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire/--  ... have announced that advanced tissue-engineering services are now ... using a groundbreaking new three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting approach ... Regenova® 3D Bio Printer , a state-of-the-art robotic ... Applications has created a powerful pay-for-service bio-printing model ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... Feb. 8, 2016 ... of the "Label-Free Detection Market by ... 2020" report to their offering. ... addition of the "Label-Free Detection Market ... to 2020" report to their offering. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: