Navigation Links
Limiting Work Hours for Medical Residents Could Be Costly

And it may not lead to fewer medical errors, researchers suggest

WEDNESDAY, May 20 (HealthDay News) -- For years, legislators and patient advocates have called for less grueling hours for medical residents to reduce the chances of medical errors.

Now, new research shows that allowing doctors-in-training to work fewer hours and take longer naps during their shifts won't come cheap -- it will cost the nation's teaching hospitals an estimated $1.6 billion a year.

And there are no guarantees that shortening the shifts of medical residents will improve patient safety, according to the study in the May 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Some studies have shown that less-fatigued residents make fewer errors, while other research suggests that more frequent patient hand-offs, which would come as a result of shorter shifts, could actually mean more errors.

Doctors whose shifts have ended may have to leave patients at a critical time, and new doctors who come on duty may not be familiar with the patient, explained Dr. Kenneth Polonsky, chairman of the department of medicine at Washington University and co-author of an accompanying editorial.

"When you make physicians work shorter shifts, there is a trade-off," Polonsky said. "The care becomes discontinuous. That's what we're worried about."

The hours of medical residents are legendary. Until recently, residents often worked 120 hours a week and shifts of up to 40 hours with little more than catnaps, said study author Dr. Teryl Nuckols, an assistant professor of medicine at University of California, Los Angeles and health services researcher at the RAND Corporation.

That began to change in 2003, when the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) established rules for the nation's 1,200-plus teaching hospitals that limited residents to an 80-hour workweek, 30-hour shifts and lightened workloads.

But those rules are widely flouted, according to surveys of medical residents cited in this latest study.

In December, the influential Institute of Medicine (IOM) issued a report calling for greater adherence to the guidelines, increased supervision of residents, more attention to patient hand-offs and even shorter shifts. Among the most significant recommendations: shifts no longer than 16 hours or as long as 30 hours if residents were given five hours of protected nap time.

The IOM, however, can only make recommendations. It's up to the ACGME to enact the rules, which it has so far not done.

In the NEJM study, Nuckols and her colleagues estimated the cost of adopting the IOM recommendations at $3.2 million annually per major teaching hospital.

The total would range from $1.1 to $2.5 billion, depending on how much it cost to hire substitute providers such as physicians assistants, nurse practitioners or other physicians to cover shifts and how many costly patient injuries could be averted.

The increase in costs to hospitals would be substantial. The annual funding for U.S. graduate medical education was about $18.7 billion in 2006, according to a RAND study.

The stakes for society, which bears the costs of disability payments and lost productivity for patients injured by medical errors, are even higher, Nuckols said.

If patient errors declined by 10 percent as a result of adopting the recommendations, the additional cost for each patient admitted to the hospital would increase by only $17. If patient errors increased by 10 percent, cost per patient admission would rise $266.

Dr. Albert Wu, a professor of health policy and management at Johns Hopkins University, said research has suggested doctors who are tired have less patience, show less compassion and are more likely to discharge patients too soon.

Yet, there are also risks associated with handing off patients from one doctor to another. And no research has definitively shown which concern outweighs the other.

"There is no good data to show what almost everyone believes to be true. All things being equal, it's better to have a doctor that is not falling asleep in front of you or who is so groggy they are unable to think clearly," Wu said.

More information

Read more about the Institute of Medicine report on resident hours.

SOURCES: Teryl Nuckols, M.D., M.S.H.S., assistant professor, medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, and health services researcher, RAND Corp., Los Angeles; Kenneth Polonsky, M.D., chairman, department of medicine, Washington University, St. Louis; Albert Wu, M.D., professor, health policy and management, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore; May 21, 2009, New England Journal of Medicine

Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Limiting Residents Hours Has Little Impact on Patient Mortality
2. Study finds limiting work hours for surgical residents enhances training
3. Limiting refined carbohydrates may stall AMD progression
4. Naturally-occuring protein may be effective in limiting heart attack injury and restoring function
5. Increasing physical activity and limiting television may lead to reduction in type 2 diabetes
6. Limiting School Snacks Boosts Fruit, Veggie Consumption
7. Gov. Rendell Expresses Disappointment with Bush Administrations Last-Minute Regulation Limiting Patient Care
8. New Device for Clearing Blocked Arteries in the Legs Receives FDA Clearance for Peripheral Use - Procedures Performed Across the US Within First 48 Hours
9. Crossfit Workout Challenge Raises Over $500,000 in Four Hours for Athletes for a Cure
10. Pelosi: In 48 Hours, Congress Must Choose Between Meeting the Needs of Americas Children or Not
11. Out of hours doctors reluctant to do home visits, say patients
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Limiting Work Hours for Medical Residents Could Be Costly
(Date:10/13/2015)... Miami, FL (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... announces the Driveway Snow Blanket, a snow melting invention that helps people in clearing ... $17 billion and will continue to grow at 3.8% per year," says Scott Cooper, ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... 2015 , ... With Fall weather approaching and holiday travel season upon us, ... Styler Contest. , Enter to win! , How to Enter:, 1. Like ... Style? , 3. Follow us on Instagram @thebeautyplace , 4. Share Facebook Contest ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... , ... Just under three months ago, eMarketing Concepts forever changed ... effectively offering all of their services for just a buck in the first month. ... phone calls from interested buyers. As a genuine one-stop-shop for internet marketing, EMC has ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... Virginia (PRWEB) , ... October ... ... International Biotechnology, LLC presented results from GyencoloGeneTM, the world’s first commercially-available next-generation ... the XXI FIGO World Congress of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Vancouver, BC, ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2015 , ... North American ... (IBC) at the 2015 IBC National Meeting in Rosemont, IL on October 4th. ... dedication, quality, and standards of excellence that customers have come to expect from members ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2015)... Oct. 12, 2015 A new computer program ... can predict whether they will develop effective language skills ... a study in the journal Brain and Behavior ... In the journal,s Oct. 12 online edition, researchers ... program determines how specific regions of the brain respond ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... Oct. 12 2015 ... of the "Personalized Medicine, Targeted Therapeutics ... Strategic Analysis of Industry Trends, Technologies, Participants, ... --> ) has announced ... Targeted Therapeutics and Companion Diagnostic Market to ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... , Oct. 12, 2015  Edwards Lifesciences Corporation (NYSE: ... valves and hemodynamic monitoring, plans to announce its operating results ... closes on Monday, October 26, 2015, and will host a ... those results. . A live stream and ... downloading Edwards, IR App for iPhone and iPad ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: