Navigation Links
Lifestyle can alter gene activity, lead to insulin resistance
Date:6/18/2008

BETHESDA, Md. (June 18, 2008) A Finnish study of identical twins has found that physical inactivity and acquired obesity can impair expression of the genes which help the cells produce energy. The findings suggest that lifestyle, more than heredity, contributes to insulin resistance in people who are obese. Insulin resistance increases the chance of developing diabetes and heart disease.

The study, "Acquired obesity and poor physical fitness impair expression of genes of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in monozygotic twins discordant for obesity," appears in the online edition of the American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism, published by The American Physiological Society (www.the-aps.org).

The study was carried out by Linda Mustelin and Kirsi Pietilinen, of Helsinki University Central Hospital and the University of Helsinki; Aila Rissanen, Anssi Sovijrvi and Pivi Piiril of Helsinki University Central Hospital; Jussi Naukkarinen, Leena Peltonen and Jaakko Kaprio, University of Helsinki and National Public Health Institute; and Hannele Yki-Jrvinen of Helsinki University Central Hospital and Minerva Medical Research Institute.

Environment can influence genes

Recent studies have suggested that defects in expression of genes involved in the body's conversion of food to energy, known as mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, can lead to insulin resistance. The researchers wanted to know if defects in the expression of these genes are primarily a result of heredity or lifestyle. Because the twins in the study were identical, any differences that were found could be attributed to environmental factors, the researchers reasoned.

Twenty four pairs of identical twins, born in Finland between 1975 and 1979, took part in the study. Fourteen pairs (eight male and six female) were discordant for obesity, that is, one twin was obese, while the other was not. The control group consisted of five male and five female twin pairs who were concordant for weight. Some of the concordant pairs were normal-weight while some pairs were overweight.

The researchers measured whole body insulin sensitivity, body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness. They also obtained a needle biopsy of abdominal subcutaneous fat tissue, although they were unable to obtain this measurement for one of the discordant pairs.

Among the discordant pairs, the study found the obese twin had significantly lower:

  • Insulin sensitivity, indicating the body has a harder time using glucose to produce energy.

  • Fitness levels, as measured by maximum oxygen uptake and maximum work capacity.

  • Transcription levels of genes that help cells convert food to energy (the genes of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation). Transcription is a multi-step process in which information in the genes is used to manufacture proteins. Proteins, in turn, direct cell activity. This suggests that the impaired expression of the genes may make it more difficult to lose excess weight, or may make additional weight gain more likely.

Heredity may still play role

"These data suggest that physical inactivity may have contributed to the defects in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation described in type 2 diabetic patients and prediabetic subjects," the authors wrote. The authors also noted that, although environment plays a role in how these genes work, there still may be a hereditary component.

"Although we found that the reduced transcript levels of genes encoding mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in obesity is influenced by environmental and acquired factors, it does not exclude the possibility that genetic factors contribute to regulation of mitochondrial oxidative metabolism," lead author Linda Mustelin noted.

The next step is to do a clinical study to see if exercise and other lifestyle changes can increase the expression of these genes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Christine Guilfoy
cguilfoy@the-aps.org
301-634-7253
American Physiological Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Mothers Know Best: NFL Moms Team With Eddie George to Showcase a Better Way to a Healthier Lifestyle
2. Eat Seafood, See Weight Loss: Recent Study Finds Another Reason to Eat Seafood for a Fit Lifestyle
3. Activate America(R) Brings Together YMCAs Nationwide to Promote Small Steps Toward a Healthier Lifestyle During America on the Move Week With the YMCA, September 22-29, 2007
4. YMCAs Activate America(R) Motivates More Than 1.3 Million People to Take 8 Billion Steps Toward a Healthier Lifestyle During America On the Move Week with the YMCA
5. Harvard Medical School: Healthy Lifestyle Will Boost Your Immune System Better Than a Handful of Supplements
6. Diet and lifestyle changes may help prevent infertility from ovulatory disorders
7. Diet, Lifestyle Changes Cut Some Infertility Risk
8. Elderly with high blood pressure less likely to get lifestyle modification advice from doctors
9. Demystifying Diabetes: The Complete Diabetes Lifestyle
10. Older Hypertension Patients Less Likely to Get Lifestyle Advice
11. it Girl Public Relations Adds O.N.I. New Organic Food Delivery Service to Its Lifestyle Division
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... Sober College, ... with the grand opening of the Sober College Robert Pfeifer Memorial Learning Center ... December 2-3, and was attended by an overwhelming amount of alumni, family, colleagues ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... , ... December 09, 2016 , ... "I had a ... inventor from Winchester, Va. "I thought that if the nebulizer had a more child-friendly ... than fearing them." , He developed the patent-pending NEBY to avoid the need to ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... Franchising Company LLC, announced the first national #QuackGivesBack campaign which supported local ... “This was our first franchise-wide Quack Gives Back initiative, and we’re ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... With the increasing demand for dental implants, the ... (WIYM) campaign to inform dentists and patients about the safety issues related to dental ... market in the U.S. is projected to reach $6.4 billion in 2018 with more ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Catalent Pharma Solutions, the leading global provider ... products, today announced that it had joined the Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Initiative (PSCI). ... unite pharmaceutical and healthcare companies that share a vision of better, social, environmental ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016  Eli Lilly and ... results of its phase 3 EXPEDITION3 trial at the ... meeting. As previously disclosed, solanezumab did not meet the ... of solanezumab initiated in people with mild dementia due ... regulatory submissions for solanezumab for the treatment of mild ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... de dezembro de 2016  A Mederi Therapeutics Inc . anunciou aprovação ... não cirúrgico para a doença do refluxo gastroesofágico (DRGE). Foto -  ... ... Live Stretta procedure performed and broadcast during the Chinese ... Union Hospital , ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Pa. , Dec. 8, 2016  Pennsylvania ... Secretary of Drug and Alcohol Programs Gary ... and insomnia medications, known as benzodiazepines, developed with ... "Benzodiazepines are medications that are frequently prescribed ... when they are used with opioid pain medications, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: