Navigation Links
Less Money Means More Hurting
Date:5/1/2008

Survey links chronic pain to income status

THURSDAY, May 1 (HealthDay News) -- Not having money hurts. Physically.

Lower-income Americans experience pain much more frequently than those making more money, according to a study that had nearly 4,000 people keep a diary in which they scored their feelings of pain on a scale of 0 to 6 for randomly selected 15-minute intervals.

People with household incomes below $30,000 a year reported moderate to severe pain 20 percent of the time. Those making more than $100,000 a year said they experienced pain less than 8 percent of the time.

"The arrows point in both directions," said study co-author Alan Kreuger, a professor of economics at Princeton University, explaining the findings reported in the May 3 issue of The Lancet. "First, people with lower skills tend to do more physically demanding labor, and that leads to pain. Secondly, people who have a lot of pain in their lives find it hard to work."

Education also affected pain results. People with less than a high school degree reported twice the average pain rating through the day as those with college degrees, the study found.

The pain study was an extension of work done in association with Arthur Stone, a professor of psychiatry and behavioral science at Stony Brook University in New York, Kreuger said. "We had been doing work on how people used their time and how they felt about it, and decided to add questions about pain to this national survey," he said.

The link between pain and lower income and socioeconomic status wasn't necessarily a surprise, Krueger said. "We sort of expected to find that," he said. "But there was a much stronger relationship than I expected."

The nature of someone's work had a strong influence on the experience of pain. Blue-collar workers reported higher rates of pain and more severe pain than those with desk jobs. And the 13 percent of people with work-related disabilities accounted for 44 percent of the time Americans spent in moderate to severe pain, the study found.

Some other survey findings were predictable. People were more likely to feel pain while alone, and those with pain spent almost 25 percent of their time watching television, compared to 16 percent for those experiencing less discomfort.

And people felt more pain as they grew older, with the average pain rating increasing with the years. But there was a surprising temporary plateau between the ages of 45 and 75, after which pain increased, the study found.

The fact that the pain imbalance persists after the working years indicates that "more attention should be paid to economics and health-care services," said Juha H.O. Turunen, a professor of social pharmacy at the University of Kuopio in Finland, who wrote an accompanying editorial in the journal.

"Studies over the years have shown that people with less education and low income suffer from more pain," Turunen said. "Their work environment is different, and they are not as interested in taking care of their health. Life habits are associated with economic status."

One notable finding of the survey was that people responsible for the care of others reported very high pain scores, Turunen said. "Attention should be paid by society," he said. But, he added, he'd avoid making recommendations about the United States because of his unfamiliarity with America's health-care system.

More information

If you really want to read more about pain, consult the U.S. National Library of Medicine.



SOURCES: Alan Kreuger, Ph.D., professor, economics, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.; Juha H.O. Turunen, D.Pharm, professor, social pharmacy, University of Kuopio, Finland; May 3, 2008, The Lancet


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Top UHW-W Officers Violated Federal Law, Deceived Members in Diverting Millions in Dues Money to Outside Fund
2. More Cowbell! To end ALS, Riders of the Tri-State Trek Cycle 270 Miles - Making Noise and Raising Money!
3. Money, Praise Similarly Activate Brains Reward Center
4. Eat Well, Save Money: BJs Offers Everyday Low Prices on Top Quality Organic Groceries, Natural Foods Versus Supermarket Prices
5. Brain reacts to fairness as it does to money and chocolate
6. With annual deaths from malaria on the rise: Scientists ask where is all the money going?
7. Money Magazine Ranks Physician Assistant One of Best Careers to Have in a Recession
8. Charityfolks.com and James Redford Institute Join to Raise Money for Organ Donation Awareness
9. Blue Cross Consumer-directed Health Plan - Options Blue - Members Not Sacrificing Health for the Sake of Saving Money
10. MultiVu Video Feed: Stinky Sneakers Worth Big Money!
11. Body identification by facial reconstruction will cost less time and money
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Natren, ... animal line of probiotics, Petbiotics ™, as they fondly call them. As ... rescue groups networking for their non-profit organizations. Animal rescues across the nation face ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... billing and coding services, and Deyta Analytics, recently announced the recipients of the ... level of quality as measured from the caregiver’s point of view. The official ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Intellitec Solutions ... use of Microsoft Dynamics GP for one their long-term care clients. Working together ... Dynamics GP with key clinical management systems, and delivered a fully integrated accounting ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... The Society ... year, reproductive endocrinologists are required to report in vitro fertilization (IVF) ... dedicated to the practice of assisted reproductive technologies in the United States. ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House ... BC and AD, saying it is time to set the record straight. Traditionally, BC ... this simply cannot possibly be true and offers explanation. , “To start with, the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... April 28, 2016  Marking its one year ... and ovarian cancer risk test, Color Genomics ... genes that highly impact the most common hereditary ... the Color Test analyzes hereditary cancer risks for ... uterine cancers. The Color Test is physician ordered ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... Dr. Vivek Ahuja , ... phen Schmidt Join the Growing ... solutions for life sciences, today announced key new leaders have joined ... to a growing business.  This will bolster the company,s safety business ... joined ArisGlobal in the position of Vice President - Safety. George ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... April 28, 2016 New ... 2016" is a report that provides an overview ... R&D pipelines by identifying new targets and MOAs ... Company Profiles discussed in this H1 2016 Osteoarthritis ... Srl, AbbVie Inc., Abiogen Pharma S.p.A., Ablynx NV, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: