Navigation Links
Less Educated Smokers at Greatest Risk for Stroke, Study Finds
Date:8/14/2014

By
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Aug. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Among smokers, those with the least education are at the greatest risk for stroke, Danish researchers report.

"The combined effect of low educational level and smoking on the risk of stroke is the most surprising finding of our paper," said study author Helene Nordahl, an epidemiologist in the department of public health at the University of Copenhagen.

She added that reducing smoking among those with the least education could potentially reduce strokes more than targeting smoking in those with the most schooling.

Although the study included Danish participants, Nordahl believes her findings are applicable to other countries.

"Since the most disadvantaged groups are often exposed to a wide number of stroke risk factors, it seems plausible that these people are at increased risk of stroke, not only in Denmark but also in the U.S.," Nordahl said.

Other factors increase the risk for stroke, she said. "However, in this study we only included two of the main risk factors, smoking and high blood pressure, which were both more frequent in the lowest educated than in the highest educated," Nordahl said.

Previous studies by the same researchers have shown that the most disadvantaged groups are often exposed to a wide number of behavioral risk factors, such as obesity and physical inactivity, she said. "So it seems plausible that these risk factors could influence the risk of stroke in these groups," Nordahl added.

The report was published online Aug. 14 in the journal Stroke.

Dr. Ralph Sacco, chairman of neurology at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, said, "This very large study from Denmark shows an increased risk of stroke among smokers with low education and among smokers with high blood pressure."

In other words, he said, "the combined effects of these two risk factors on stroke risk is greater than one would expect if we just added each of them up independently."

Although this kind of study can only show an association between different factors, such as education and stroke, and not prove a cause-and-effect link, Sacco said the size of the study helps validate its conclusions.

"Statistical interactions are difficult to detect without very large numbers of people, so these findings are novel," he said.

For the study, Nordahl's team collected data on more than 68,000 adults between the ages of 30 and 70. They classified these participants as having either low-, medium- or high-education levels. Low and medium levels were defined as grade school or lower secondary school -- a maximum of 10 years education.

The researchers also assessed for smoking and high blood pressure.

The investigators found that 16 percent of men and 11 percent of women had the highest risk for stroke based on their level of education, smoking and high blood pressure.

Over 14 years of follow-up, 10 percent of the men and 9 percent of the women in the lowest education groups suffered strokes. The greatest risk for stroke was among the least educated, regardless of blood pressure, Nordahl said.

The risk of stroke was higher among men than women and increased with age, she noted.

"Smokers with low educational level had a greater risk of stroke than smokers with high education, suggesting that people, particularly men, with lower educational level were more vulnerable to the effect of smoking than those with higher educational level," Nordahl said.

But, Sacco added, "Regardless of education or high blood pressure, smoking is to be avoided at all costs. We need even more intensive efforts among those with lower educational backgrounds to eliminate smoking and reduce stroke risk."

More information

Visit the U.S. National Library of Medicine for more on stroke.

SOURCES: Helene Nordahl, Ph.D., epidemiologist, department of public health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; Ralph Sacco, M.D., chairman, neurology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine; Aug. 14, 2014, Stroke, online


'/>"/>
Copyright©2014 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Greater numbers of highly educated women are having children, bucking recent history
2. More College-Educated Women Having Children
3. For highly educated women, families are an increasingly popular option
4. U.S. Med Students May Be Undereducated on Obesity
5. Kids of Better-Educated Parents Have Healthier Diets: Study
6. The Importance of Becoming Educated in Basic Life Support Training via Advanced Medical Certification
7. Educated Patients Decrease Fraud and Increase Quality of Care
8. Joblessness Tied to Shortened Lifespans for Less-Educated Women
9. Careers in Nursing: GetEducated.com Ranks Best Online Colleges for Nurses, RNs
10. New medical conditions more likely to spark healthy changes among better-educated middle-aged people
11. Foreign-educated health workers play vital role in US health system
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Less Educated Smokers at Greatest Risk for Stroke, Study Finds 
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... Mohebi Hair Restoration, has recently contributed a medical article to the newly revamped ... cosmetictown.com. Dr. Mohebi’s article spotlights the hair transplant procedure known as Follicular ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Washington, D.C. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... of their peers in Washington, D.C., for the 49th Congress of the International ... Ph.D ., Vice President of the Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Mich. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... has been named one of Michigan’s 2017 Best and Brightest in Wellness® by ... Brightest in Wellness® awards program on Friday, Oct. 20 from 7:30 a.m. to ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... In ... taxes a year. In some states—like New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Texas, Virginia, ... overseas retirement havens have extremely low property-tax rates, which contributes to the relatively ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Farm Forward ... and other leading institutions in announcing the launch of the Leadership Circle ... way animals are raised for food. , Founding members of the Leadership Circle ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... , Oct. 12, 2017 West ... in innovative solutions for injectable drug administration, today announced ... the market opens on Thursday, October 26, 2017, and ... results and business expectations at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time. ... or 253-336-8738 (International). The conference ID is 94093362. ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... 2017  True Health, a leader in integrated ... during National Breast Cancer Awareness month to educate ... Research recently published ... more than 10 million American women are at ... or BRCA2 and have not had testing. These mutations ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... , Oct. 10, 2017   West Pharmaceutical ... innovative solutions for injectable drug administration, today shared the ... ID Adapter for improving the intradermal administration of polio ... Skin Vaccination Summit in May 2017 by Dr. ... Polio Department, World Health Organization (WHO), and recently published ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: