Navigation Links
Lengthening dosing schedule of HPV vaccine may provide effective option for expanding use of vaccine
Date:4/12/2011

Administration of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine doses over a longer period of time to adolescent girls in Vietnam resulted in antibody concentration levels that were comparable to the standard vaccine schedule, according to a study in the April 13 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on infectious disease and immunology.

Kathleen M. Neuzil, M.D., M.P.H., of PATH, Seattle, presented the findings of the study at a JAMA media briefing at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C.

Cervical cancer is an important cause of illness and death among women throughout the world. "Each year, new cases of cervical cancer occur in approximately 529,000 women and 275,000 women die. An estimated 88 percent of deaths due to cervical cancer occur among women residing in developing countries," according to background information in the article. Human papillomaviruses are the primary cause of cervical cancer. "Combined with continued strengthening of simple evidence-based screening and treatment approaches, effective HPV vaccine programs could reduce cervical cancer rates in developing countries to the low levels currently observed in many developed countries. One challenge to broadly implementing HPV vaccination programs in developing countries will be delivering the currently recommended 3 doses of vaccine to adolescents within 6 months (dosing schedules at 0, 2, and 6 months or at 0, 1, and 6 months)," the authors write. Even in settings in which such vaccination schedules are feasible, alternative schedules may have advantages, such as lower cost (the vaccine could be delivered with other health interventions) or increased coverage (it may be easier for girls and their families or for vaccinators).

Dr. Neuzil and colleagues conducted a randomized noninferiority trial (predetermined measured outcome of intervention not worse than that of standard dosing schedule) in northwestern Vietnam to determine the immunogenicity (the ability of the vaccine to stimulate an immune response) and reactogenicity (the capacity of a vaccine to produce adverse reactions) of alternative schedules of quadrivalent HPV vaccine. The study, conducted between October 2007 and January 2010, assessed 4 schedules of an HPV vaccine delivered in 21 schools to 903 adolescent girls (ages 11-13 years at enrollment). Intramuscular injection of 3 doses of quadrivalent HPV vaccine was delivered on a standard dosing schedule (at 0, 2, and 6 months) or one of 3 alternative dosing schedules (at 0, 3, and 9 months; at 0, 6, and 12 months; or at 0,12, and 24 months). Of the 903 girls, 809 (89.6 percent) received all 3 doses of vaccine and had a serum sample available for testing after the final dose of the HPV vaccine.

For all 4 vaccination schedule groups and vaccine types, the HPV geometric mean titers (GMTs; a measure of antibody concentrations) were low at the beginning of the study and increased significantly after receipt of 3 doses of the vaccine. For the intention-to-treat population and compared with the standard schedule group at 0, 2, and 6 months, the alternative schedule groups at 0, 3, and 9 months and 0, 6, and 12 months met noninferiority criteria (as gauged by level of antibody concentrations) for the anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18 (HPV types) responses at 1 month after receipt of the third dose. Compared with the standard schedule group, the alternative schedule group at 0, 12, and 24 months met noninferiority criteria for HPV-18 but not for HPV-16.

The vaccine was generally well tolerated in each dosing schedule group. Pain at the injection site was the most common adverse event. No serious adverse events were found.

"The similarity of the immunogenicity and reactogenicity profiles of the HPV vaccine reported from this predominantly ethnic minority population in a low-resource area of Vietnam and other populations throughout the world is reassuring and supports more widespread introduction of the vaccine. The World Health Organization acknowledges that programmatic constraints must be considered in the decision to commence national HPV immunization programs. The option of delivering HPV vaccine on flexible schedules will allow countries to minimize costs and maximize feasibility according to local vaccination practices," the authors write.


'/>"/>

Contact: Amy MacIver
amaciver@path.org
206-302-4522
JAMA and Archives Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. SDI Reports: Roughly Half of Patients Prescribed the Most Popular Osteoporosis Drugs Discontinue Therapy Within 6 Months -- Amgen's Prolia Offers New Dosing Option
2. Cough Syrup Might Help With Dosing of Breast Cancer Drug
3. Confusion Over Drug Dosing Common for Seniors
4. The Ensign Group Schedules Year-End 2009 Earnings Call for Thursday, February 18, 2010
5. Pet Dental Month Prime Time To Schedule Preventive Annual Cleaning For Pets
6. 1Dental.com Enhances Dental Plan Benefits With New Fee Schedule
7. Parabon's Frontier Grid Platform Software Now Available on Carahsoft's GSA Schedule
8. NIH/NHLBI-Funded PACT Program Announces Webcast Scheduled for Tuesday, May 4, 2010, 2:00-4:00 pm ET
9. Onyx M.D. Awarded GSA Schedule Contract Creating Increases Access to Government Physician Jobs
10. The best and worst work schedules: Shift start times can impact sleep and alertness
11. Gold Standard/Elsevier first to launch state, federal controlled substance drug schedules
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... A new partnership between Goodwill® ... no longer use or need, from clothes to couches to dressers and bicycles. Roadie ... take them to the nearest Goodwill donation center through February 28th. , “January ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... 20, 2017 , ... Doctor C LLC, a company based out of Arizona ... to continue the marketing and distribution of its product, The Right C. , The ... better absorption than traditional vitamin C supplements. At the trade show, Doctor C had ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... ATP Science, ... everyday lives, recently attended the January ECRM Trade Show in Hilton Head, SC, ... for its large range of supplements that keep the body functioning at its ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... Viejo, California (PRWEB) , ... January 20, 2017 , ... ... easy to use inside of Final Cut Pro X," said Christina Austin - CEO ... on the RED Dragon. Utilizing the Dragon Sensor,TransFlare 4K Mystique lens flare and light ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... “The Angel”: a heartwarming and earnest tale ... each of his children. “The Angel” is the creation of published author, Marjorie Lund-Fontaine, ... City, and impassioned writer. , When asked of her new book, Marjorie says, “‘The ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/21/2017)... , Jan. 20, 2017 ARMO BioSciences, Inc., ... data on the Company,s lead investigational immuno-oncology drug AM0010 ... by the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), taking ... CA. "AM0010 induces the ... + T cells in the blood and tumors ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... Route Of Administration, End User - Forecast to 2025" report ... ... a CAGR of around 7.8% over the next decade to reach ... analyzes the global markets for Advanced Drug Delivery across all the ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... , Jan 20, 2017 Research and ... Market By Type ([CBC, HGB/HCT, BMP, BUN Creatinine, Electrolyte Testing, HbA1c ... End-use, And Segment Forecasts, 2013 - 2024" report to their ... The ... billion by 2024 Introduction of innovative solutions on the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: