Navigation Links
Learning disabilities affect up to 10 percent of children and co-occur at higher than expected rates

Up to 10 per cent of the population is affected by specific learning disabilities (SLDs), such as dyslexia, dyscalculia and autism, translating to two or three pupils in every classroom, a new study has found.

Led by Professor Brian Butterworth, a Professorial Fellow at the University of Melbourne's School of Psychological Sciences and Emeritus Professor of cognitive neuropsychology at University College London, the study gives insight into the underlying causes of specific learning disabilities and how to tailor individual teaching and learning for individuals and education professionals.

The study found children are frequently affected by more than one learning disability and that specific learning disabilities co-occur more often than expected.

For example, in children with attention-deficit or hyperactivity disorder, 33 to 45 per cent also suffer from dyslexia and 11 per cent from dyscalculia, a learning disability in mathematics.

Professor Butterworth said the results showed there were many neurological development disorders that result in learning disabilities, even in children of normal or even high intelligence.

Specific learning disabilities arise from atypical brain development with complicated genetic and environmental factors, causing such conditions as dyslexia, dyscalculia, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder and specific language impairment.

As part of the study, Professor Butterworth and colleague Yulia Kovas have summarised what is known about SLD's neural and genetic basis to help clarify how these disabilities develop, helping improve teaching for individual learners, and also training for school psychologists, clinicians and teachers.

The study suggests causes of SLDs are due to difficulties processing speech, language and numbers at a cognitive level. From a neurological basis, evidence suggests each SLD is associated with an abnormality in a distinct neural network. A single neurophysiological cause may affect distinct regions in the brain, affecting an individual's learning ability.

"We are also finally beginning to find effective ways to help learners with one or more SLDs, and although the majority of learners can usually adapt to the one-size-fits-all approach of whole class teaching, those with SLDs will need specialised support tailored to their unique combination of disabilities," he said.


Contact: Liz Banks-Anderson
University of Melbourne

Related medicine news :

1. Emotional Trauma May Hurt Toddlers Later Learning
2. $9 million grant awarded to UH to study, treat learning disabilities
3. Excessive sleepiness may be cause of learning, attention and school problems
4. Electronic data methods research seeks to build a learning health care system
5. A learning health system moves from idea to action
6. Weather prediction task: Learning achievement with and without stress
7. Anesthesia Before Age 3 May Raise Risk of Learning Delays: Study
8. Learning 1 of cancers tricks
9. Advances in ataxia research to be featured at USFs Innovative Learning and Simulation Center
10. Could a cancer drug potentially prevent learning disabilities in some kids?
11. Songbirds shed light on brain circuits and learning
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/28/2015)... Viejo, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 28, 2015 , ... ... new fully customizable media panels to choose from, the possibilities are endless. Users have ... and more. With the ProPanel: Pulse masking effects, users are sure to get heads ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... According to an ... the University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia suggested that laws requiring ... injuries. The article explains that part of the reason for the controversial conclusion is ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... A team of Swiss doctors has released ... Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted the findings on the website. Click here to ... cases of 136 mesothelioma patients who were treated with chemotherapy followed by EPP surgery. ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... Lizzie’s Lice ... The company is offering customers 10% off of their purchase of lice treatment product. ... at full price. According to a company spokesperson. “Finding lice is a sure way ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... ... the No.1 Herpes-only dating community in the world, revealed that over 50% of its members ... billion people under the age of 50 – or 67% of the population - are ... of HSV-1 infection . , "The data shocks us highly!" said Michelle Li, Co-Founder ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... 2015 ) ... "Radioimmunoassay Market by Type (Reagents & Kits, ... Clinical Diagnostic Labs), Application (Research, Clinical Diagnostics), ... report to their offering. --> ... of the "Radioimmunoassay Market by Type ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... -- The total global healthcare industry is expected to grow at ... America has the highest projected growth at 12.7%, ... ), is second with growth projected at 11.5%. ... expenditure. In 2013-2014, total government funded healthcare was nearly 68%. ... 41.2% in 2013-2014. In real terms, out of pocket expenditure ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... -- Linden Care, LLC, a retail specialty pharmacy focused on ... from chronic pain, said today that it is disappointed ... enjoining Express Scripts from unilaterally terminating the Pharmacy Provider ... --> The company said that it ... --> --> In the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: