Navigation Links
Learn to be more understanding by watching The Bachelor (this season, anyway)

A new USC study finds evidence suggesting that the brain works hard to understand those who have different bodies when watching them in action.

According to the study's lead author, the finding supports initiatives to include more individuals with physical differences in mainstream media such as Sarah Herron, a contestant on ABC's The Bachelor this season, who was born with a foreshortened left arm.

"Generally, it's considered impolite to stare. But what these results suggest is that we need to look. It's through this visual experience that we're able to make sense of those different from ourselves," said Sook-Lei Liew, who is the lead author of a paper on the research that appeared online this month in NeuroImage.

Liew, now a postdoctoral researcher at the National Institutes of Health, completed the research while she was a doctorate student at USC, working with Tong Sheng, a fellow graduate student, and Lisa Aziz-Zadeh, an assistant professor at the USC Dornsife Brain and Creativity Institute and the Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy.

Liew, Sheng and Aziz-Zadeh monitored the brains of 19 typically developed individuals using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while showing them a series of video clips. First they showed a typically developed person picking up objects and then a woman born without complete arms using her residual limbs to perform the same tasks.

The fMRI scans showed that parts of the motor network responsible for picking up objects by hand are activated when simply watching another person performing the task physical evidence of participants attempting to use their own body representations to represent the people they are watching on screen.

The thing that surprised the researchers was that same part of the motor network was activated to a greater degree when watching residual limbs doing the same activity. Participants' brains worked overtime to process the use of a type of limb that they did not have.

"Interestingly, we found that individual differences in trait empathy affected the result," Aziz-Zadeh said. "That is, individuals who scored higher in their ability to empathize with other people showed more activity in motor regions when observing actions made by residual limbs."

Further, when shown more clips of the woman with a residual limbclips that lasted minutes instead of secondsthe fMRI scans showed similar motor network activity, which returned to a level comparable to when they were watching typically developed individuals, suggesting that increased visual exposure improved understanding.

"Stigma is one of the main challenges for people with physical differences," Liew said. "We need to examine why stigmas exist and what we can do to alleviate them. Learning about disabilities visually is one way that we can begin to map their experiences onto our own brains."


Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Related medicine news :

1. Childcare Network Announces Acquisition of 22 Learning Centers from Children’s Friend of Georgia
2. Research Reveals Which Learning Methods Get an A
3. Do Babies Begin Learning Language in the Womb?
4. Life Coach School Holistic Learning Center Unveils The Secret Regarding How Their Life Coaching Certification Students Can Charge Over One Hundred Dollars Per Coaching Session
5. While in womb, babies begin learning language from their mothers
6. Accredited Life Coaching School Holistic Learning Center Announces New Life Coaching Certification Courses
7. Eagle Hill-Southport School Hosts i CAN! Program to Empower Children with Learning Disabilities, In Association with Smart Kids with Learning Disabilities
8. Many causes for learning lags in tumor disorder
9. AllMed Webinar Helps Hospitals Learn How to Avoid the Most Common Bariatric Surgery Complications
10. Having Babies Sit Up May Help Them Learn
11. Care2Learn/Upstairs Solutions and Jarlette Health Services Sign Multi-Year Contract for Online Training and Record-Keeping
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Brenntag Specialties, Inc. (BSI) ... for the Nutraceutical Specialties products into oral solid dosage in the over the ... “We are pleased to announce our expanded distribution agreement with ASI.” said Steve ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... An inventor from Charlottesville, Va., is ... "My last baby had high blood pressure due to loud noises," she said, "so ... babies from noise pollution as well as radio waves and microwaves." , The baby ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Since its ... specializing in independent living, assisted living and all other retirement options. Support for ... awareness and research remains a top priority. , So it’s no surprise ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... New York, New York (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... at the Greater New York Dental Meeting. Their Ecosystem empowers dentists to make complex ... Dentists who visit the booth will receive a free fee survey with 10 procedures ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... of DataTrade Solutions Inc., a Healthcare IT consulting, development and support company. The ... and technical experience available within DataTrade to extend the services currently provided by ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... , Nov. 30, 2015   Nuance Communications, Inc. ... National Decision Support Company (NDSC) today jointly announced ... collaboration capabilities that utilize the American College of Radiology,s ... provider organizations to comply with current and emerging ... --> By combining clinical decision support, ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , Nov. 30, 2015  Novartis will demonstrate the ... 57 th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual ... myelomas as well as supportive care, including key findings ... personalized cell therapies. The ASH Annual Meeting will be ... . Novartis Oncology . "We will be ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Israel , Nov. 30, 2015  OticPharma, Ltd., ... and developing innovative therapies for ear, nose, and throat ... A. Katkin as chairman of the company,s board ... executive officer for OticPharma, Ltd.  "Keith brings a wealth ... will be able to share this experience and provide ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: