Navigation Links
Large weight gains most likely for men after divorce, women after marriage
Date:8/21/2011

COLUMBUS, Ohio Both marriage and divorce can act as "weight shocks," leading people to add a few extra pounds especially among those over age 30 - according to a new study.

But when it comes to large weight gains, the effects of marital transitions are quite different for men than they are for women.

For men, the risk of a large weight gain increased most prominently after a divorce. But for women, the risk of a large weight gain was most likely after marriage.

"Clearly, the effect of marital transitions on weight changes differs by gender," said Dmitry Tumin, lead author of the study and doctoral student in sociology at Ohio State University.

"Divorces for men and, to some extent, marriages for women promote weight gains that may be large enough to pose a health risk."

The probability of large weight gains following marital transitions increased the most for people past age 30.

"For someone in their mid-20s, there is not much of a difference in the probability of gaining weight between someone who just got married and someone who never married. But later in life, there is much more of a difference," he said.

Tumin conducted the study with Zhenchao Qian, professor of sociology at Ohio State University. They presented their research Aug. 22 in Las Vegas at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association.

While there have been many studies about weight gain after marriage or divorce, most of them look at average changes in weight and find very small increases in weight after marriage and often small decreases in weight after divorce.

But these results may mask the fact that some people actually lose weight, while some stay the same and some have large weight increases, Qian said.

"We estimated the effects of marital transitions on the likelihood of weight gains or losses for different categories of people, allowing for the possibility that not everyone who goes through a marital transition has the same kind of experience," Qian said.

Tumin and Qian used data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth '79, a nationally representative sample of men and women aged 14 to 22 in 1979. The same people were surveyed every year up to 1994 and every other year since then.

In this study, the researchers used data on 10,071 people surveyed from 1986 to 2008 to determine weight gain in the two years following a marriage or divorce.

The NLSY included data on Body Mass Index (BMI), a common health measure of weight relative to height.

The researchers separated people into four groups: those who had a BMI decrease of at least 1 kg/m2 (about 7 pounds for a person 5'10" tall) in the two-year period after a marital transition; those who had a small BMI gain (7-20 pounds for the 5'10" person); a large BMI gain (more than about 21 pounds); or no weight gain or loss (net change of less than 7 pounds).

The researchers took into account a wide variety of other factors that may influence weight gain or loss, including pregnancy for women, poverty, socioeconomic status and education.

Both men and women who married or divorced were more likely than never-married people to have a small weight gain in the two years following their marital transition.

"For most people, the weight gain we see after a marital transition is relatively small, not something we would see as a serious health threat," Tumin said.

However, most other studies have suggested divorce actually leads to weight loss, at least in the first years after the marriage ends. Again, this may be because other studies have not separated people into age and gender groups, and only used average changes in weight, Tumin said.

The data in this study can't reveal why men are more likely to have large weight gains after divorce, while marriage is more likely to cause large weight gains for women.

However, these results fit with other research on how marriage affects men and women.

"Married women often have a larger role around the house than men do, and they may have less time to exercise and stay fit than similar unmarried women," Qian said.

"On the other hand, studies show that married men get a health benefit from marriage, and they lose that benefit once they get divorced, which may lead to their weight gain."

The probability of weight gain become more pronounced for men and women who marry or divorce after age 30 and the changes only grow larger as people get older, the study found.

"From age 22 to 30, the effect of marital transitions on weight is not very clear," Qian said.

"But both marriages and divorces increase the risk of weight changes from about age 30 to 50, and the effect is stronger at later ages."

Tumin said that it may be that people settle into certain patterns of physical activity and diet over time. "As you get older, having a sudden change in your life like a marriage or a divorce is a bigger shock than it would have been when you were younger, and that can really impact your weight."

The researchers noted that this study only looked at people for two years after a marital transition, and results may change over the years.

"This study really looks at the shock of a marital transition and how it affects weight,' Tumin said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Zhenchao Qian
Qian.26@osu.edu
614-292-5452
Ohio State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. EdenHome.com Adds Aventura Organic Clothes to Site and Announces Largest Online Selection of Stylish Organic Clothes for Men, Women and Children
2. Psychologists Say New Jerseys Largest Health Plan Violates Patient Privacy, Restricts Access to Care and Wastes Taxpayer Money
3. Confronting infectious disease threats at large-scale international events
4. New clues found linking larger animals to colder climates
5. George Lundberg, MD, Joins MedPage Today(R) as Editor-at-Large
6. Combination therapy more effective for enlarged prostate
7. HealthcareSource Announces New Client Wins: Strong Sales Momentum Driven by Regional and Large Health Systems
8. Biocell Center Corporation Partners with New Englands Largest Community-Based Hospital Network to Offer a Unique Service in Amniotic Fluid Stem Cell Preservation
9. DTM Systems Corporation Ranked Number One as the Largest Reseller in British Columbia to Hewlett Packard Canada
10. Historic Agreement Reached to Transition Illinois Residents Unnecessarily Housed in Large, Impersonal Nursing Homes
11. Fewer Deaths in Larger, Busier Hospitals
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Saint Francis Hospital ... years, and the efforts have paid off. Since implementation of these efforts, ... care to enhance perioperative patient experiences and reduce costly complications. Since implementation in ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Development Team of Pixel ... for FCPX. , "This new layered style transition tool will keep a consistent flow ... CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , TranSweep is an all new layered style ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... industry leader in Blood Pressure products . , High blood pressure affects ... effects. Left untreated, high blood pressure can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... The United States Food and Drug Administration ... both men and women. To date, the company is the first and only manufacturer ... adult who suffers with androgenetic alopecia. , “This new level of clearance substantiates ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... 25, 2016 , ... The Georgia State University College of Law new building ... Design Commission. , The annual award recognizes projects, programs, individuals and organizations that have ... of its physical heritage and the balance between the old and the new. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... LONDON , May 24, 2016 ... erfüllt beide primären Endpunkte ... und Überlegenheit in ‚ausgezeichneter plus guter ... aufsteigenden Colons    ,      (Logo: ... B.V. gab heute neue positive Daten von der ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... -- NxStage Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: NXTM ), a ... today announced that Jeffrey H. Burbank , Chief ... of investor conferences. Where applicable, a webcast of the ...   ... Friday, June 10, 2016 1:30 p.m. ET ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... HONG KONG , May 24, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... primer stent de doble terapia del mundo, introduce ... fístula arteriovenosa. OrbusNeich, una compañía global ... cambian las vidas, ha expandido su cartera incluyendo ... catéteres balón JADE™ y Scoreflex™ PTA son los ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: