Navigation Links
Large decline in impulsivity in early adulthood related to decrease in alcohol consumption
Date:6/29/2010

COLUMBIA, Mo. Previous studies have found that the personality trait impulsivity, or a lack of planning and forethought regarding behaviors, is associated with alcohol use and alcohol-use disorders. For most individuals, impulsivity decreases during emerging and young adulthood. Some, however, do not "mature out" of impulsivity. Now, University of Missouri researchers have found that individuals who exhibited the largest declines in impulsivity from ages 18-25 also exhibited the sharpest decreases in alcohol consumption during this time frame. Understanding why some individuals "mature out" of impulsivity and others do not could lead to improved treatment for alcohol-use disorders.

"In the past, psychologists have viewed impulsivity as a consistent trait over a person's lifetime," said Andrew Littlefield, a doctoral student in clinical psychology and lead author on the paper. "Now, there is growing evidence that there are pronounced changes during emerging and young adulthood, roughly from the ages 18 to 35. Our study found that there are substantial individual differences in personality change. These differences appear to relate to the range of alcohol use measures and alcohol-related problems."

Researchers used data from a longitudinal study of individuals at risk for alcohol dependence. The individuals were assessed at ages 18, 25, 29 and 35 using self-reported measures of personality and alcohol involvement starting their freshman year of college. From this information, researchers were able to measure the differences in level, stability and change in impulsivity and how it related to alcohol consumption. The researchers used the measures to cluster individuals who exhibited similar patterns of personality stability and change during the 17-year timeline.

"These findings provide clear evidence that at least some individuals undergo significant changes in impulsivity across time," Littlefield said.

In the future, the researchers hope to determine why individuals exhibit individual differences in impulsivity. By examining the relationships between the clusters and alcohol use, they hope to gain a better understanding of the other factors that might promote or inhibit impulsivity development.

"Future studies could examine why some individuals make significant changes in impulsivity across time whereas other individuals' level of impulsivity remains relatively stable," Littlefield said. "Identifying factors that enhance or inhibit seemingly beneficial changes in personality may inform treatment approaches that could facilitate decreased impulsivity. Changes in personality have been previously linked to several life and work experiences, including relationship and work satisfaction."


'/>"/>

Contact: Kelsey Jackson
JacksonKN@missouri.edu
573-882-8353
University of Missouri-Columbia
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Large-scale genomic analysis of prostate cancer unveiled
2. Is it safe for endoscopic piecemeal mucosal resection in treating large sessile colorectal polyps?
3. Women who consume large amounts of tea have increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis
4. Antibody therapy lengthens survival of metastatic melanoma patients in large clinical trial
5. Proximity Systems Announces First Large Sale of New LAN Based Electronic Lock Management System; Completion of Four Pilot Installations
6. Vitamin D Best Taken With Largest Meal of Day, Study Finds
7. UniqueU Medical Weight Loss Success Requires an Expansion and Move to a Larger Location
8. Large caps this springs must-have for water fleas
9. Largest Internet Supplier of Eternity Rings Pledges 10% of their Profits to the National Breast Cancer Foundation
10. Worlds largest polar science conference to take place in Oslo
11. CA Dental Hygienists' Association to Provide Care to Thousands of Uninsured at Southland's Largest Free Public Health Clinic
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh ... the Peace Agreements being discussed by President Donald Trump and the rest of the ... to speed up peace talks in the continuous battle between Israel and Palestine. The ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... “When the ... Lead Home” is the creation of published author Laura Weigel Douglas, an avid reader ... cat in a house that sometimes feels like Green Hills Adventure Camp. She couldn’t ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... “Cactus Jack: Against All Odds”: ... many others. “Cactus Jack: Against All Odds” is the creation of published author, ... Hubbard is married to Jack Carlisle’s third child Jane. Walter. Walter and Jane ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2017 , ... Dr. Alan ... surgery in New York City. He is known for his distinguished expertise and ... vascular surgery, Dr. Benvenisty holds sub-specialty training in treating renovascular disease and aortic ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... ... Dr. Manju R. Kejriwal, a leading Ohio dentist, is now welcoming new ... Dr. Kejriwal understands the emotional and financial toll traditional orthodontics can take on patients’ ... longer need to feel the esthetic effects of wires and brackets when they can ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/18/2017)... May 17, 2017  Bayer announced today that the ... be presented at the 53 rd Annual Meeting ... place June 2-6 in Chicago . ... span prostate, colorectal, liver and thyroid cancers, as well ... Phase II CHRONOS-1 trial of copanlisib in patients with ...
(Date:5/15/2017)... 2017 Enterin Inc., a privately-held CNS pharmaceutical company ... compounds to treat Parkinson,s disease (PD), has enrolled the first ... 1/2a randomized, controlled, multicenter study involving patients with PD and ... patients over a 9-to-12-month period. The first stage is open ... PD. Participating sites include Denver , ...
(Date:5/11/2017)...  Thornhill Research Inc. ( Toronto, Ontario, ... USD five-year, firm-fixed-priced, indefinite-quantity/indefinite-delivery contract by the U.S. ... (CCC) ( Ottawa, Ontario, Canada ) ... anesthesia to patients requiring emergency medical procedures in ... Corps have been a longtime partner with Thornhill ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: