Navigation Links
Large decline in impulsivity in early adulthood related to decrease in alcohol consumption
Date:6/29/2010

COLUMBIA, Mo. Previous studies have found that the personality trait impulsivity, or a lack of planning and forethought regarding behaviors, is associated with alcohol use and alcohol-use disorders. For most individuals, impulsivity decreases during emerging and young adulthood. Some, however, do not "mature out" of impulsivity. Now, University of Missouri researchers have found that individuals who exhibited the largest declines in impulsivity from ages 18-25 also exhibited the sharpest decreases in alcohol consumption during this time frame. Understanding why some individuals "mature out" of impulsivity and others do not could lead to improved treatment for alcohol-use disorders.

"In the past, psychologists have viewed impulsivity as a consistent trait over a person's lifetime," said Andrew Littlefield, a doctoral student in clinical psychology and lead author on the paper. "Now, there is growing evidence that there are pronounced changes during emerging and young adulthood, roughly from the ages 18 to 35. Our study found that there are substantial individual differences in personality change. These differences appear to relate to the range of alcohol use measures and alcohol-related problems."

Researchers used data from a longitudinal study of individuals at risk for alcohol dependence. The individuals were assessed at ages 18, 25, 29 and 35 using self-reported measures of personality and alcohol involvement starting their freshman year of college. From this information, researchers were able to measure the differences in level, stability and change in impulsivity and how it related to alcohol consumption. The researchers used the measures to cluster individuals who exhibited similar patterns of personality stability and change during the 17-year timeline.

"These findings provide clear evidence that at least some individuals undergo significant changes in impulsivity across time," Littlefield said.

In the future, the researchers hope to determine why individuals exhibit individual differences in impulsivity. By examining the relationships between the clusters and alcohol use, they hope to gain a better understanding of the other factors that might promote or inhibit impulsivity development.

"Future studies could examine why some individuals make significant changes in impulsivity across time whereas other individuals' level of impulsivity remains relatively stable," Littlefield said. "Identifying factors that enhance or inhibit seemingly beneficial changes in personality may inform treatment approaches that could facilitate decreased impulsivity. Changes in personality have been previously linked to several life and work experiences, including relationship and work satisfaction."


'/>"/>

Contact: Kelsey Jackson
JacksonKN@missouri.edu
573-882-8353
University of Missouri-Columbia
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Large-scale genomic analysis of prostate cancer unveiled
2. Is it safe for endoscopic piecemeal mucosal resection in treating large sessile colorectal polyps?
3. Women who consume large amounts of tea have increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis
4. Antibody therapy lengthens survival of metastatic melanoma patients in large clinical trial
5. Proximity Systems Announces First Large Sale of New LAN Based Electronic Lock Management System; Completion of Four Pilot Installations
6. Vitamin D Best Taken With Largest Meal of Day, Study Finds
7. UniqueU Medical Weight Loss Success Requires an Expansion and Move to a Larger Location
8. Large caps this springs must-have for water fleas
9. Largest Internet Supplier of Eternity Rings Pledges 10% of their Profits to the National Breast Cancer Foundation
10. Worlds largest polar science conference to take place in Oslo
11. CA Dental Hygienists' Association to Provide Care to Thousands of Uninsured at Southland's Largest Free Public Health Clinic
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... During the last week of March, Chad Kawa, ... eligible individuals in the local community. , Colon cancer is the second leading ... colon cancer while it is small, confined and easier to treat. If you are ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Full Contact K9, an Atlanta-based dog services provider, has recently ... assists dog owners in creating legally-enforceable pet trusts for their canine companions. , ... to protect their new companion. Says Evan Dunbar, CEO of Full Contact K9, “When ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... FL (PRWEB) , ... March 30, 2017 , ... Sublime ... the "Spice of Life" or "Wonder Spice", it has been used for thousands of ... in the East," says Heshelow, author of " Turmeric: How to Use it For ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... BC (PRWEB) , ... March 29, 2017 , ... ... makeover services with or without a referral to new patients from Burnaby, BC. ... or other full mouth reconstruction services, can see the esteemed team at ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ANN ARBOR, Mich. (PRWEB) , ... ... ... Global Retailer and Manufacturer Alliance (GRMA) is growing as it continues developing ... the dietary supplement industry. The organization, which plans to publish the first ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/29/2017)... March 29, 2017  Maxor National Pharmacy Services, LLC ... it has named Leah Bailey as General ... of the company. With more than 13 ... 8 years focused on health care, Bailey joins the ... at Prime, Bailey advised the PBM, Specialty, and Mail ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... Pharmaceutical Care Management Association (PCMA) today released the following ... spending: According to the ... amount spent out-of-pocket for drugs continues to decline, projected ... from 23% in 2006. Rising drug ... Health plans don,t have unlimited funds to pay first ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... report to their offering. ... The ablation device global market is expected to ... 2023. Ablation is the minimally invasive therapeutic tissue ... or diseased tissue removal, to the removal of abnormally conducting cardiac ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: