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Large clinical trial finds pirfenidone may help lung function in IPF patients
Date:5/17/2009

ies to be an independent predictor of mortality in patients with IPF. Exploratory analyses of pooled data from the two CAPACITY studies also demonstrated a statistically significant treatment effect on the primary endpoint of change in percent-predicted FVC at week 72, progression-free survival time and change in six-minute walk test distance.

"While it was disappointing that the primary endpoint was not met in CAPACITY 1, important consistencies between the two CAPACITY studies were observed in the overall treatment effect of pirfenidone," said Paul Noble, M.D., co-chair of the CAPACITY program and professor of medicine and chief of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine at Duke University Medical Center. "The treatment effect observed in the CAPACITY studies was generally consistent with that observed in the Phase III study in IPF patients conducted by Shionogi in Japan. Collectively, these three studies give us a very good sense of the impact that pirfenidone has on the progression of IPF over at least one year."

According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, about 200,000 Americans have idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a condition that scars tissue deep in the lungs. Most patients are diagnosed with the disease in their 50s and 60s, and many people live only three to five years after being diagnosed. There are no approved medications in the United States or Europe to treat the disease. Pirfenidone is approved in Japan for the treatment of IPF.

A total of 779 patients were enrolled in the CAPACITY trials at 110 sites in 11 countries. The mean age of participants was 66. To be eligible for the study, patients had to have a definitive diagnosis made by high-resolution CT scan or by biopsy, and a FVC ≥ 50 percent of predicted values and a DLCO ≥ 35 percent of predicted value.

Dr. Roland du Bois, M.D., professor of medicine at National Jewish Health, in Denver, Colo., and CAPACITY co-chair, concurred that these st
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Contact: Keely Savoie
ksavoie@thoracic.org
212-315-8620
American Thoracic Society
Source:Eurekalert

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