THOUSAND OAKS, Calif., Oct. 30 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Amgen (Nasdaq: AMGN) today announced the publication of results from TREAT (the Trial to Reduce Cardiovascular Events with Aranesp® Therapy), a large, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Phase 3 pivotal study of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not on dialysis, moderate anemia and type-2 diabetes. The study, published online today in the New England Journal of Medicine and presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Nephrology (ASN), failed to meet its primary objectives of demonstrating a reduction in all-cause mortality, cardiovascular morbidity, including heart failure, heart attack, stroke, or hospitalization for myocardial ischemia, or end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
The primary endpoints of the study were a composite of time to all-cause mortality or cardiovascular morbidity (including heart failure, heart attack, stroke, or hospitalization for myocardial ischemia) and a composite of time to all-cause mortality or ESRD. Among the components of the primary cardiovascular composite endpoint, the risk of stroke increased by almost two-fold in patients in the Aranesp arm (101 patients [5.0 percent] vs. 53 patients [2.6 percent]; hazard ratio, 1.92; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.38 to 2.68; P<0.001). Although stroke is a recognized risk with erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) therapy, and has been identified in warnings in United States (U.S.) labeling since 2001, the risk observed in TREAT is of higher magnitude than that seen in previous clinical trials in CKD patients not on dialysis.
A post hoc analysis indicates that there were no significant differences between treatment arms in the incidence of cancer or of all-cause deaths in patients who developed cancer during the trial. However, this analysis also s
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