Comprehensive, Evidence-Based Recommendations for All Levels of Society
WASHINGTON, Feb. 26 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ - A new global policy report estimates that approximately 37 percent of colon cancer cases and 28 percent of breast cancer cases in middle-income countries like Mexico are preventable through diet, physical activity and weight maintenance. The report also sets out recommendations for policies to reduce the global number of cancer cases.
The overall message of the report, Policy and Action for Cancer Prevention, published today by World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR), is that all sections of society need to make public health, and cancer prevention in particular, a higher priority.
It includes estimates on the proportion of many different types of cancer that could be prevented through diet, physical activity and weight. In Mexico and Latin America, about one third of the most common cancers could be prevented. That figure does not include smoking, which alone accounts for about a third of cancers.
Different Policy Recommendations for Different Groups
As part of the evidence-based report, thought to be the most comprehensive ever published on the subject, two independent teams of scientists systematically examined the evidence for how policy changes can influence the behaviors that affect cancer risk.
Following this, a panel of 23 world-renowned experts made a total of 48 recommendations, divided between nine different but often overlapping sectors of society - called "actor groups" in the report. These actor groups are: multinational bodies; civil society organizations; government; industry; media; schools; workplaces and institutions; health and other professionals; and people.
Among the recommendations:
Professor Sir Michael Marmot, Chair of the WCRF/AICR Panel, said, "When people think of policy reports, they often think they only speak to governments. But the evidence shows that when it comes to cancer prevention, all groups in society have a vital role to play."
Panel member Tim Byers, MD, MPH of the
"On a global level every year, there are millions of cancer cases that could have been prevented. This is why we need to act now before the situation gets even worse."
The report includes preventability for Brazil (considered a middle-income country), as well as for the US and UK (considered a high-income countries), and China, considered a low-income country. The global preventability estimate ranges between one quarter and one third of all cancers.
Policy Report Represents the Next Step
The new WCRF/AICR Policy Report is a companion document to the expert report Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective, which was published by AICR and WCRF in November of 2007. That expert report evaluated the scientific evidence from over 7000 studies and came away with 10 recommendations for lowering cancer risk.
"The 2007 expert report identified the specific choices that people can make to protect themselves against cancer, but actually making those healthy choices remains difficult for many people," said policy report panel member Juan A. Rivera, Ph.D., of the Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica in Cuernavaca, Mexico. "The policy report takes the next step - it identifies opportunities for us as a society to make those choices easier."
PERCENTAGE OF CANCERS THAT COULD BE PREVENTED VIA HEALTHY DIET, REGULAR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND HEALTHY WEIGHT Brazil US UK China Endometrium (lining of the uterus) 52 70 56 34 Esophagus 60 69 75 44 Mouth, pharynx & larynx 63 63 67 44 Stomach 41 47 45 33 Colon 37 45 43 17 Pancreas 34 39 41 14 Breast 28 38 42 20 Lung 36 36 33 38 Kidney 13 24 19 8 Gallbladder 10 21 16 6 Liver 6 15 17 6 Prostate n/a 11 20 n/a These 12 cancers combined 30 34 39 27 All cancers 19 24 26 20
The American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) is the cancer charity that fosters research on the relationship of nutrition, physical activity and weight management to cancer risk, interprets the scientific literature and educates the public about the results. It has contributed more than $86 million for innovative research conducted at universities, hospitals and research centers across the country. AICR has published two landmark reports that interpret the accumulated research in the field and is committed to a process of continuous review. AICR also provides a wide range of educational programs to help millions of Americans learn to make dietary changes for lower cancer risk. Its award-winning New American Plate program is presented in brochures, seminars and on its Web site, www.aicr.org. AICR is a member of the World Cancer Research Fund International.
|SOURCE American Institute for Cancer Research|
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