Navigation Links
Kids with ADHD much more likely to develop substance abuse problems as they age
Date:2/11/2011

Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder are two to three times more likely than children without the disorder to develop serious substance abuse problems in adolescence and adulthood, according to a study by UCLA psychologists and colleagues at the University of South Carolina.

"This greater risk for children with ADHD applies to boys and girls, it applies across race and ethnicity the findings were very consistent," said Steve S. Lee, a UCLA assistant professor of psychology and lead author of the study. "The greater risk for developing significant substance problems in adolescence and adulthood applies across substances, including nicotine, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine and other drugs."

Lee and his colleagues analyzed 27 long-term studies that followed approximately 4,100 children with ADHD and 6,800 children without the disorder into adolescence and young adulthood in some cases for more than 10 years. These carefully designed, rigorous and lengthy studies, Lee said, are the "gold standard" in the field.

The research by Lee and his colleagues, the first large-scale comprehensive analysis on this issue, is published online this week in the journal Clinical Psychology Review and will appear in a print edition later this year.

The researchers combined all the published studies that met rigorous criteria and analyzed them together. They found that children with ADHD were at greater risk for serious problems such as addiction, abuse and trying to quit but being unable to, Lee said.

"Any single study can be spurious," he said, "but our review of more than two dozen carefully designed studies provides a compelling analysis."

ADHD is common, occurring in approximately 5 percent to 10 percent of children in the U.S., and figures in many other industrialized countries with compulsory education are comparable, according to Lee.

Symptoms of the disorder are common in children and include being easily distracted, fidgeting, being unable to complete a single task and being easily bored. However, to receive a diagnosis of ADHD, a child must have at least six of nine symptoms of either hyperactivity or inattention, and the child's behavior must be causing problems in his or her life. The vast majority of children with ADHD have at least six symptoms in both categories, Lee said.

In addition, the symptoms must have started before age seven, must be present in multiple settings at home and school, for example and must be adversely affecting functioning. They must not be explainable by any medical condition or any other mental disorder.

As children with ADHD enter adolescence and adulthood, they typically fall into three groups of roughly equal size, Lee said: one-third will have significant problems in school and socially; one-third will have moderate impairment; and one-third will do reasonably well or have only mild impairment.

Parents should monitor their children, said Lee, who noted that early intervention with a mental health professional is often helpful. A diagnosis of ADHD must be made by a mental health professional such as a child psychologist or psychiatrist and not by a parent or teacher.


'/>"/>

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
swolpert@support.ucla.edu
310-206-0511
University of California - Los Angeles
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers: Elderly patients 4 times more likely to die from treatment complications
2. Homeless people without enough to eat are more likely to be hospitalized
3. Brain scans predict likely success when it comes to quitting smoking
4. Retired NFL Players More Likely to Take Painkillers
5. Men more likely to stick with girlfriends who sleep with other women than other men
6. HIV+ Liver Cancer Patients Less Likely to Get Transplant
7. Difficult patients more likely to experience worse symptoms
8. Chopins Hallucinations Likely Caused by Epilepsy
9. Coronary imaging enhances ability to identify plaques likely to cause future heart disease
10. Heart failure patients twice as likely to die if admitted to general wards
11. Cancer survivors likely to experience pain at some point in care: U-M study shows
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/30/2016)... ... May 30, 2016 , ... ... Shaolin warrior 8-day-8 and 8-night special intensive summer training camp starts on June ... summer camp offers families and children a fun and unique experience with an ...
(Date:5/29/2016)... ... May 29, 2016 , ... Whole Health Supply is ... new KlipPro KP-240L clipper is available to the public. This is an unusual clipper ... wider than the average clipper. , Everything about this product is concentrated on ease ...
(Date:5/28/2016)... ... May 28, 2016 , ... "Color Grading media can be ... a preset onto their media," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. ... quickly and easily add stylish color grades to their footage. A LUT is a ...
(Date:5/28/2016)... ... , ... In a part of the city where’s it’s easy to spot the neon lights ... is hoping to attract diners with a taste for real food. , On May ... to Cornerstone Grill, an urban casual restaurant focusing on dishes made by hand with wholesome, ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Two director-level employees of Horizon Blue Cross Blue ... Industry (TWIN) 2016 honorees. The award recognizes businesswomen who excel in their fields ... Director of the MLTSS (Managed Long-Term Services and Supports) Program at Horizon NJ Health ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... May 27, 2016 Amarantus BioScience Holdings, ... developing products for Regenerative Medicine, Neurology and Orphan Diseases, today announced ... presenting at two upcoming investor conferences: SeeThru Equity ... Avenue, New York City , NY ... Marcum MicroCap Conference   Where: Grand Hyatt Hotel, ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016   ... software and analytics, network solutions and technology-enabled ... announced it entered into a strategic channel ... of outpatient software solutions and revenue cycle ... specialty hospitals and rehabilitation clinics to optimize ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... and GERMANTOWN, Maryland , May 25, ... QGEN ; Frankfurt Prime Standard: QIA) today announced that the ... Therawis Diagnostics GmbH to develop and commercialize predictive assays in ... PITX2 as a marker to predict effectiveness of anthracycline treatment ... "We are pleased to partner with Therawis, which developed ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: