Navigation Links
Kids' Smoking Influences May Change Over Time

SUNDAY, April 28 (HealthDay News) -- Peer pressure to smoke may be more influential for kids in middle school than for older students, a new study reports.

Although their friends' smoking behavior may hold less sway for teens over time, researchers said parents seem to remain influential over their children's smoking behavior throughout high school. They suggested that smoking intervention programs focused on peer pressure to smoke would be more effective for students in middle (or junior high) school than high school, and parents could provide another possible anti-smoking strategy.

Based on previous research that looked at social development, "we thought friends would have more influence on cigarette use during high school than junior high school," study author Yue Liao, a student with the Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, said in a university news release.

"But what we found was friends have greater influence during junior high school than high school. We think the reason may be that friends' cigarette use behavior may have a stronger influence on youth who start smoking at a younger age," Liao continued. "During high school, cigarette use might represent the maintenance of behavior rather than a result of peer influence."

For the study, the researchers examined information on about 1,000 teens involved in the Midwestern Prevention Project, the longest-running substance use prevention, randomized controlled trial in the United States. Randomized controlled studies are considered the gold-standard for research.

The students were first questioned in the seventh grade when they were 11 years old. They were reassessed after six months, and then once every year until they were in the 12th grade.

The participants were asked how many of their close friends and parents (or two important adults in their lives) smoked cigarettes. The students were also asked how many cigarettes they had smoked in the past month. Over the course of the study, the influence of the students' friends and parents was analyzed to determine if it changed as the students got older.

The investigators found that kids' smoking behavior is significantly affected by the habits of their peers and their parents in both middle school and high school. The influence of friends, however, is stronger in middle school. Although parents' influence started to decrease in the final two years of high school, it did not change between middle school and high school.

Among students in grades 9 and 10, girls were more affected by their friends' smoking behavior than boys, the researchers noted. As they advanced to 10th and 12th grades, however, friends and parents had less influence on girls. Meanwhile, boys at this age were increasingly swayed by their friends' smoking habits.

"Boys tend to foster friendship by engaging in shared behaviors, whereas girls are more focused on emotional sharing," Liao explained. "So, it is possible that boys are adopting their friends' risky behaviors, like smoking, as the groups grow together over time."

The study authors concluded their findings could aid in the development of teen anti-smoking programs.

"We observed a big dip in friends' effect on smoking behavior from eighth to ninth grade. Thus, the first year of high school represents an opportunity for interventions to counteract peer influence and to continue to target parents as their behavior remains influential through the end of high school," Liao said in the news release. "In addition, teaching students refusal skills during junior high school could be effective in decreasing cigarette use at the beginning of high school. Programs could also promote positive parenting skills to protect children from deviant peer influence."

The researchers noted that more research is needed to explore the influence of siblings on teen smoking.

The study was published in the April 12 issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more about teen smoking.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: University of Southern California, news release, April 12, 2013

Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Study Suggests Vaccine May Help Kids With Brain Cancer
2. Study Suggests Treating Dyslexia Before Kids Learn to Read
3. Heavy Backpacks Give Kids Back Trouble
4. Codeine After Surgery Could Endanger Certain Kids: Study
5. Study Shows New Option for Kids With Tough-to-Treat Leukemia
6. Parents of Kids With Cancer No More Likely to Break Up
7. Death From Accidental Injuries Among Kids Drops 30%: CDC
8. Rice University student engineers automate limb lengthening for kids
9. When to have kids: A complex question for hazel dormice
10. Animals More Interesting to Kids Than Toys, Study Shows
11. Some Schools Dont Let Kids Carry Asthma Inhalers
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Kids' Smoking Influences May Change Over Time
(Date:10/12/2015)... Nashville, TN (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2015 ... ... the recipients of its biannual Heroes in Recovery Awards at Foundations Recovery Network’s ... Foundations Recovery Network presented the one-of-a-kind awards to Noah Levine and Dean Dauphinais ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... North Carolina (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2015 , ... Kevin Costello, winner of the ... North Carolina , embarks today for his dream vacation to Hawaii. , “I didn’t believe ... worked out,” he says. “This contest encouraged me to get to the gym and invest ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2015 , ... ... the practice of hypnosis by individuals who lack professional education and clinical training ... to the public for a variety of purposes such as: losing weight, managing ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... ... October 12, 2015 , ... At first glance, it ... umbrella one would find atop a drink in a tiki bar. But the Parachute® ... trial at Allegheny General Hospital (AGH) could potentially signal a new way of treating ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... ... October 12, 2015 , ... FEI Behavioral Health, a social ... to crisis management, will present a session at the Wisconsin Society for Human ... , FEI’s Chief Operating Officer Daniel Potterton will present an informative workshop, “Training ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2015)... 12, 2015 Contrast media ... enhance the quality of images produced inside of ... media) used in magnetic resonance imaging, medical X-ray, ... allow the radiologists to interpret the images accurately ... the body. Contrast media can be administered by ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... , October 12, 2015 Elbit Imaging ... announced today that its board of directors approved a program ... million) of Elbit,s Series H Notes and Series I Notes, ... board has determined that the Company will have a significant ... be made from time to time in the open market ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... ) ... "Personalized Medicine, Targeted Therapeutics and Companion Diagnostic ... Industry Trends, Technologies, Participants, and Environment" ... ) has announced the addition of ... Companion Diagnostic Market to 2019 - Strategic ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: