Navigation Links
Kidney tumors have a mind of their own
Date:11/21/2012

TORONTO, Nov. 21, 2012-- New research has found there are several different ways that kidney tumours can achieve the same result namely, grow.

Scientists have been trying to figure out how different people have kidney tumours with the same histology, or shape, although the genetic changes can vary among individual tumours.

Solving that puzzle could have implications for the diagnosis and treatment if kidney cancer, which has 35 per cent mortality rate and is becoming more common. Despite advances in early detection and treatment, the mortality rate hasn't changed in decades.

For the first time, researchers at St. Michael's Hospital have looked at multiple different levels of changes at the same time. Dr. George Yousef, a laboratory pathologist, said researchers have looked at three different ways cancer cells can grow and survive:

the tumour can amplify (or replicate) its chromosomes, the packages of DNA and proteins found in cells

the tumour can alter a process that controls the on-off switch for genes needed for cell growth and differentiation, known as methylation

or the tumour can drive gene activation through another gene

Dr. Yousef said they found that looking at all these changes in the same setting simultaneously can provide a much better understanding of tumour behaviour and how the apparently different changes can produce the same results.

His research appears in the journal Cancer Research, one of the leading journals of in the field of cancer.

Using a high resolution microarray there were also able to identify very specific regions of the chromosomes where genetic alterations happen in kidney cancer to a much higher resolution than before. Combining information from chromosomal changes, methylation and gene expression provided a much clearer understanding of the mechanism of kidney cancer development.

"Now we look at the mechanism rather than the individual change," Dr. Yousef said. "Regardless of the apparent differences of the tumour, the outcome will be the same. Eventually, we may be able to target treatment based on the 'mechanism' that is affected rather than the individual genes that are changed."


'/>"/>

Contact: Leslie Shepherd
shepherdl@smh.ca
416-864-6094
St. Michael's Hospital
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Herbal Remedy Ingredient Tied to Cancer, Kidney Failure
2. Specific inhibition of autophagy may represent a new concept for treatment of kidney cancer
3. Kidney cancer patients do better when whole kidney is not removed, U-M study shows
4. Role of Screening, Monitoring in Early Kidney Disease Unclear
5. Kidney Cancer Patients Fare Better With Tumor Removal Only
6. Donor Kidney Re-Used in Second Patient After Failing in First
7. Routine Kidney Disease Screening Not Worthwhile, Experts Say
8. Surprising results for use of dialysis for kidney failure in developing world
9. Everyday fish oil capsule may provide kidney-related benefits
10. First, Second Kidney Transplants Have Similar Success: Study
11. Women fare better than men, but need more blood after kidney cancer surgery
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... SAN LUIS OBISPO, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... with Alzheimer’s or dementia. However, many long-term care insurance companies have a waiver for ... mean is the 90-day elimination period, when the family pays for care, is often ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... Texas (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl ... this week that explains one of the most popular and least understood books in ... like cryptic and puzzling descriptions that have baffled scholars for centuries. Many have tossed ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... “America On The Brink”: the Christian history of the United States and the loss ... author, William Nowers. Captain Nowers and his wife, Millie, have six children, ten ... the Navy. Following his career as a naval aviator and carrier pilot, he ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... The ... demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s to Adults 50+, ... to meet the highest standard. , These products are also: Gluten Free, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Rockville, Maryland (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 ... ... a magnetic drug delivery system that we intend to develop to enable prevention ... regimens can lead to severe hearing loss, especially in pediatric patients. For cisplatin, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/2/2017)... 2, 2017 Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: ... and Consulting, LLC , and named its founder as ... in Tennessee , will operate under ... EnvoyHealth,s service offerings for health care partners to include ... "In an interoperable world, technology delivers ...
(Date:9/28/2017)... 28, 2017 Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: HRC), ... call and webcast on Friday, November 3, 2017, beginning ... ending at approximately 8:30 a.m. (CDT) / 9:30 a.m. ... 2017 financial performance and guidance for 2018, Hill-Rom executives ... enhance operational performance, and long-range financial outlook through 2020. ...
(Date:9/25/2017)... , Sept. 25, 2017  EpiVax, Inc., a ... design, and immune-engineering today announced the launch of ... development of personalized therapeutic cancer vaccines. EpiVax has ... exclusive access to enabling technologies to the new ... will lead EpiVax Oncology as Chief Executive Officer. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: