Navigation Links
Kidney stenting lowers blood pressure in patients with severe hypertension
Date:8/30/2012

Patients with uncontrolled renovascular hypertension saw a significant improvement in their blood pressure with renal artery stent deployment. The multicenter HERCULES trial, evaluating the safety and effectiveness of the RX Herculink Elite Stent, found that patients with higher blood pressure levels at baseline had the most dramatic reduction in blood pressure following intervention. Trial details appear in Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, a journal published by Wiley on behalf of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI).

Narrowing of the arteries to the kidney known as renal artery stenosis (RAS) is mainly caused by the build-up of fat and cholesterol (atherosclerosis) along the artery walls. The plaque build-up can cause high blood pressure and kidney damage. While kidney artery stenting is considered a safe procedure, the efficacy of the procedure for lowering blood pressure and preventing injury that leads to end-stage renal disease remains unclear, particularly when compared to medicines alone.

"Findings from the HERCULES trial expand scientific evidence of renal artery stenting in treating patients with high blood pressure who do not respond to standard therapy," explains Michael R. Jaff, DO, FSCAI, from the Vascular Center at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. "As part of the trial we also explored the predictive value of the brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) test prior to performing the stent procedure." The BNP test is used to diagnose heart failure and researchers sought to understand if BNP could predict clinical success, which is valuable information for interventionists prior to performing invasive procedures.

For the HERCULES trial researchers enrolled 202 patients with 241 total lesions and 78 bilateral lesions between August 2007 and October 2009. Patients had a history of high cholesterol levels and active or recently discontinued tobacco use. The majority of participants were Caucasian, mean age was 72 years, and 62% of patients were female. BNP testing was performed before and after stenting with the RX Herculink Elite Renal Stent System by Abbott Vascular.

At the start of the trial the mean systolic blood pressure of the trial group was 162 mm Hg and nearly 70% of patients were taking three or more medications to control hypertension. Success rates for the trial device, procedure and clinical outcomes were 96%, 99%, and 98%, respectively. Researchers reported that freedom from major adverse events (death, kidney removal, or embolism causing renal injury) was 95%.

Further results show that at the nine-month follow-up the restenosis rate was 11% and the mean systolic blood pressure for participants was 145 mm Hg post-stenting with no change in medications. Researchers found no association between a reduction in blood pressure following stenting and elevated BNP pre-procedure, or a decrease in BNP levels following successful stenting. While there was a significant decrease in BNP following stenting, the BNP level prior to the procedure was not reliable in predicting blood pressure response.

"The HERCULES trial demonstrates that renal artery stent revascularization significantly lowers systolic blood pressure in patients with severe hypertension," concludes Dr. Jaff. "Those patients with the highest blood pressure rates at baseline had the greatest magnitude of blood pressure lowering." The authors point out that because the majority of trial participants were Caucasian the findings may not be applicable to other racial groups.

In a related video, Dr. Jaff discusses specifics of his research with Steven R. Bailey, MD, FSCAI, Editor-in-Chief of Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions. "The research by Dr. Jaff and colleagues is an important contribution to the evidence supporting stenting as an effective intervention for patients with renovascular disease," said Dr. Bailey.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dawn Peters
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Not Enough Data to Support Kidney Disease Screening, Task Force Says
2. New insights into salt transport in the kidney
3. Men Have a Greater Lifetime Risk for Kidney Failure: Study
4. Drinking Iced Tea Raises Kidney Stone Risk: Study
5. Mayo Clinic: Drug duo turns on cancer-fighting gene in kidney, breast cancers
6. Moderate alcohol intake is associated with a lower risk of kidney cancer
7. Blood condition is highly predictive of graft failure in pediatric kidney transplant
8. AACR and Kure It partner to offer a new grant for kidney cancer research
9. Protecting the hearts of those waiting for kidney and liver transplants
10. U-M researchers identify new genetic cause for chronic kidney disease
11. Vanderbilt study finds obesity linked to kidney injury after heart surgery
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Washington Wellness Center today announced its tenth anniversary of providing ... started out as an idea to provide a holistic approach to wellness has now ... by Dr. David Swanekamp, Chiropractic Physician , the wellness center offers a complete ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Dr. Elyson and Dr. Assili, dentist in Northridge , ... tooth removal, a common dental procedure, is performed for many adolescents and young adults ... in risks of complications. By providing wisdom tooth removal surgery at their office, Dr. ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... Recognizing that lifestyle medicine is essential to health ... have tapped David Katz, MD, MPH, president of the American College of Lifestyle Medicine, ... medicine is especially gratifying,” said Katz. “There is so much opportunity to add years ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... , ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... the pharmacy industry, today announced that it was chosen as the Pharmaceutical News ... Industry Awards . The awards acknowledge the hard work and dedication of community ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... Advanced Spine & Sport Medical ... its patients’ health, is hosting a free seminar on stem cell injections. The seminar ... Advanced Spine & Sport, 4601 Telephone Road, Suite 110, Ventura, CA. There are only ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... COUNTY, Calif. , May 3, 2016  While you may be familiar with watching a ... resolution , also known as ultra-high-definition or 8MP in the Medical Industry.  Ampronix  is a ... manufacturer of innovative technology. Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160502/362730 ... ... ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... Calif. , May 3, 2016  Specialty ... teaching tool that shows how a cleanroom works. ... classroom discussions about science and technology. ... said, "As a technology company, SSF enthusiastically supports ... to help educators foster the next generation of ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... , May 2, 2016 Kalorama Information ... (Electronic Medical Records) market in a recent white paper.  ... switches, Increased physician usage, a growing market are among ... noted in Kalorama,s report EMR 2016: The ... marks Kalorama,s seventh complete study of the EMR industry, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: