"The sedentary lifestyle we're starting to see in the younger age group and the pediatric group is also a risk factor because we know that obesity increases the risk of forming kidney stones," he adds.
The most common kidney stones in the U.S. are calcium oxalate stones.
Oxalates are found in high concentration in fruits and vegetables such as leafy green vegetables and strawberries.
Recent research has shown a link between global warming and dehydration.
The more dehydrated one becomes, the more concentrated the urine becomes, which forms crystals and crystals form into kidney stones, Faerber adds.
Recent studies in global warming indicate that the number of patients who are treated for kidney stones yearly is going to increase from 1 million to 2 million.
The most common reason people have kidney stones is that the urine becomes super-saturated and it doesn't take much for a small crystal to form in the urine. Crystal can grow into stones and get larger and larger as long as they sit in the super-saturated fluid. This is why it's really important for kidney stone patients to make sure they keep their urine really diluted, Faerber says.
The most common symptoms in children with kidney stones are back and abdominal pain. Parents may often mistake their child's symptoms for appendicitis or gastritis. Kidney stones tend to be way down on the list of possible problems.
Doctors recommend for children between the ages of 5 and 10 who have kidney stones to drink six glasses of water a day and those kids over 10, to drink 10 glasses.
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