Navigation Links
Key protein in cellular respiration discovered
Date:4/8/2009

[PRESS RELEASE, 8 April 2009] Many diseases derive from problems with cellular respiration, the process through which cells extract energy from nutrients. Researchers at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet have now discovered a new function for a protein in the mitochondrion popularly called the cell's power station that plays a key part in cell respiration.

Every time we take a breath, our blood transports oxygen to the mitochondria, where it is used to convert the nutrients in our food to a form of energy that the body can use. Problems with this process, which is called cellular respiration, have been linked to a number of morbid conditions, from unusual genetic diseases to diabetes, cancer and Parkinson's, as well as to the normal ageing process. Despite the fact that cellular respiration is so basic, there is much scientists have yet to understand about how it is regulated.

Cellular respiration depends on proteins synthesised outside the mitochondrion and imported into it, and on proteins synthesised inside the mitochondrion from its own DNA. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have now shown that a specific gene (Tfb1m) in the cell's nucleus codes for a protein (TFB1M) that is essential to mitochondrial protein synthesis. If TFB1M is missing, mitochondria are unable to produce any proteins at all and cellular respiration cannot take place.

"Mice completely lacking in TFB1M die early in the foetal stage as they are unable to develop cellular respiration," says Medodi Metodiev, one of the researchers involved in the study, which is presented in Cell Metabolism. "Mice without TFB1M in the heart suffer from progressive heart failure and increase mitochondrial mass, which is similar to what we find in patients with mitochondrial diseases."

The scientists believe that the study represents a breakthrough in the understanding of how mitochondrial protein synthesis is regulated, and thus increases the chances of one day finding a treatment for mitochondrial disease, something which is currently unavailable.


'/>"/>

Contact: Katarina Sternudd
katarina.sternudd@ki.se
46-852-483-895
Karolinska Institutet
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Protein Might Be a Troublesome Nutrient
2. Protein-Folding Problem May Help Spur Alzheimers
3. Fonterras New ClearProtein(TM) Satiety Water a First for New Zealand Market
4. Blood protein may hold key to stopping tumor growth in cancer patients
5. Bioengineered proteins: Trial confirms new way to tackle cancer
6. Siemens Highlights Cardiac-Specific C-Reactive Protein (hsCRP) Test at ACC 2009
7. Protein From Yellow Peas May Lower Blood Pressure
8. Herbalife Protein Shake Proven Effective in Clinical Study
9. Motor proteins may be vehicles for drug delivery
10. Penn researchers identify new protein important in breast cancer genes role in DNA repair
11. Researchers clone key sperm-binding proteins
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... Technique, technique, technique – with a ... lifting weights for strength training and exercise or simply lifting heavy objects, advises Dr. ... position is everything,” Dr. Chang says. “Improper technique in lifting anything heavy or an ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Allegheny Health Network ... The Alexis Joy D’Achille Center for Women’s Behavioral Health at West Penn Hospital ... western Pennsylvania for women suffering from pregnancy-related depression. Construction of the Center is ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... i2i ... 2017 Best in KLAS category winner, has named Daniel P. Bullington as chief ... enhance its technology platform and product offerings,” says Justin Neece, president. “Daniel is ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... ... By all indications, and due to months of wet weather, there is ... homeowners to scout for any open water sources that can be emptied or eliminated, ... mosquitos is the buzz associated with potential infections stemming from their itchy bites, namely ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... New patients from Charleston, SC, are now welcome to receive ... Pleasant, SC, with or without a referral. A full mouth reconstruction can transform the ... in Charleston, SC. Those who suffer from gum disease, misaligned teeth or jaw ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/18/2017)... 18, 2017  Two Bayer U.S. Pharmaceutical leaders received ... its recent 28 th Woman of the ... showcases HBA,s longstanding mission of furthering the advancement and ... Cindy Powell-Steffen , senior director of brand ... and Libby Howe , a regional business manager ...
(Date:5/15/2017)... Enterin Inc., a privately-held CNS pharmaceutical company based ... to treat Parkinson,s disease (PD), has enrolled the first patient ... randomized, controlled, multicenter study involving patients with PD and taking ... over a 9-to-12-month period. The first stage is open label ... Participating sites include Denver , ...
(Date:5/10/2017)... May 10, 2017 Hologic, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... for the fiscal second quarter ended April 1, 2017 ... $1.84 increased 666.7% compared to the prior year period ... in a significant gain, while non-GAAP diluted EPS of ... or 3.8% in constant currency terms.  Excluding the effects ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: