Navigation Links
Kaiser Permanente Study Shows One in Seven Women are Depressed Before, During, or After Pregnancy
Date:9/27/2007

OAKLAND, Calif., Sept. 27 /PRNewswire/ -- A new Kaiser Permanente study, the first integrated survey of maternal depression, shows that more than one in seven women are depressed at some time during the nine months before becoming pregnant, during pregnancy, or in the nine months after childbirth. The study, which appears in the October 2007 issue of The American Journal of Psychiatry, also found that more than half of the women who experienced postpartum depression had also been depressed before becoming pregnant or during pregnancy.

"These findings show we need to pay more attention to depression before pregnancy," said Evelyn Whitlock, MD, MPH, senior investigator at the Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research and co-author of the study. "Doctors and the public tend to focus more on postpartum depression because of the huge gap between a new mother's joyful expectations and the crushing reality of depression."

The consequences of postpartum depression, which affects 400,000 women in the United States, can be devastating. It can inhibit a woman's ability to bond with her infant, relate to the child's father, and perform daily activities.

"While postpartum depression clearly is an important concern," Whitlock added, "we also need to consider the mental health and treatment needs of the many women who are depressed right before or during their pregnancies."

Investigators at the Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research profiled 4,398 women who gave birth between 1998 and 2001. They found that 8.7 percent were identified as depressed in the nine months before pregnancy, 6.9 percent during pregnancy, and 10.4 percent in the nine months following childbirth. A total of 15.4 percent -- more than one in seven women -- were depressed during at least one of these three periods. Nearly three-fourths of women with postpartum depression also were depressed before pregnancy, and more than half of the women depressed before pregnancy then became depressed during their pregnancy, the study found.

"The biggest news here is that we need to manage depression as a chronic condition in women of childbearing age, rather than assume depression is a temporary condition that can be either triggered or relieved by getting pregnant or giving birth," Whitlock said. "Women with a history of depression should be closely monitored for depressive symptoms during prenatal and postpartum care. And, given recent evidence showing that relapse of depression is twice as common in pregnant women with major depression who stop taking antidepressants after becoming pregnant as women who continue treatment, a choice of effective and safe treatment options for depressed pregnant women is very important."

The study also found that 93.4 percent of the women identified with depression before, during, or after pregnancy had a mental health visit or received antidepressants. Nearly three-fourths of depressed women received an antidepressant -- 77 percent before pregnancy, 67 percent during pregnancy and 82 percent after delivery. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants (SSRIs) were the most common type of antidepressants prescribed, and 180 women (4 percent of all pregnant women) received them during pregnancy. The authors note that women received these medications before concerns were publicized about possible effects of SSRIs on persistent pulmonary hypertension in newborns and on cardiovascular malformations.

The study was funded by a contract from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The contract as administered by America's Health Insurance Plans. The study's authors are affiliated with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or with Kaiser Permanente's Center for Health Research.

About Kaiser Permanente

Kaiser Permanente is America's leading integrated health plan. Founded in 1945, it is a not-for-profit; group practice prepayment program headquartered in Oakland, Calif. Kaiser Permanente serves the health care needs of more than 8.7 million members in nine states and the District of Columbia. Today it encompasses the not-for-profit Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Inc., Kaiser Foundation Hospitals and their subsidiaries, and the for-profit Permanente Medical Groups. Nationwide, Kaiser Permanente includes approximately 156,000 technical, administrative and clerical employees and caregivers, and more than 13, 000 physicians representing all specialties. For more Kaiser Permanente news, visit the KP News Center at: http://xnet.kp.org/newscenter.

About the Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research

Kaiser Permanente's Center for Health Research, founded in 1964, is a nonprofit research institution dedicated to advancing knowledge to improve health. It has facilities in Portland, Ore., and Honolulu. Find out more through the center's website: http://www.kpchr.org/public/default.asp.


'/>"/>
SOURCE Kaiser Permanente
Copyright©2007 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Rural Canadians travel far for specialists: study
2. A new study surpasses Gene Therapy Hurdle
3. Tomato Sauce reduces Cancer Risk- Study
4. A question on study of Adult Stem Cell
5. Study on obesity and heart failure
6. National Lung Study in the process
7. Marijuana gateway theory strengthened by study of twins
8. Old theory of adaptation confirmed by new study
9. Study casts doubt on keyboard ills
10. Gene study links endometriosis, infertility
11. Study reveals how stress can make you sick
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... LaserShip, a regional parcel carrier that services ... of Eastern Michigan last Friday in order to aid in the Flint water crisis. ... include a facility located in Clio, only 15 miles away from Flint. , “We ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... (VRI) within Healthcare, recently partnered with Heart City Health Center to ... nearly 23 years, Heart City Health Center has provided the Elkhart community with ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... 2016 , ... 10 Best Water is excited to announce a ... owners that topped the list as a result of their commitment to offering clients ... was Tibet 5100, a top notch water company that specializes in providing the public ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... organization, welcomes S.S. Nesbitt as the latest addition to its growing list of ... other locations throughout the Southeast, from Orlando to Huntsville and in between. , ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... Pediatric therapists are challenged ... Research shows that the Goal Attainment Scale (GAS) captures 20% more change in ... learn more about the Goal Attainment Scale, Education Resources Inc. is offering a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)...  Fotona, based in the U.S. and Europe ... PRO Lightwalker dental laser at the upcoming 151 st ... 2016 in booth #4815. The ST PRO is a full ... the features of the award winning, industry leading Lightwalker ATS. At ... will be very attractive to many dentists hesitating to incorporate ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Vanda Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Vanda) (NASDAQ: VNDA ... fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2015. ... was a transformational year for Vanda with the continued ... market approval of HETLIOZ for Non-24," said Mihael H. ... Fanapt to our U.S. product portfolio builds on this ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... A new report from business intelligence provider GBI Research ... Alzheimer,s disease market will more than double from just under $5 billion in ... Rate (CAGR) of 11%. Canada , France ... Spain , the UK, and Japan , and ... --> Canada , France , ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: