Navigation Links
Journal Chest -- March 2008 news briefs
Date:3/3/2008

COULD ASTHMA DROPS BE ON THE HORIZON?

Children with allergic asthma may benefit from an oral therapy designed to increase tolerance to allergens that trigger asthma and, in turn, decrease asthma symptoms and medication use. In a meta-analysis, researchers from the University of Genoa in Italy reviewed the results of nine studies (441 patients, ages 3 to 18 years) involving sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) for allergic asthma in children. SLIT involves the oral administration of allergen exacts, either through soluble tablets or drops. Researchers found that SLIT reduced both symptom scores and rescue medication use in children with allergic asthma compared with placebo. Furthermore, the majority of adverse effects associated with SLIT were mild and self-resolving. Researchers conclude that SLIT is clinically effective in asthma in children; however, additional research should be conducted to determine the most effective dose and regimen of administration. Although widely used in Europe, SLIT is not approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in the United States. This study is published in the March issue of the journal CHEST.


COMMON DRUG HELPS ALZHEIMER PATIENTS SLEEP BETTER

Patients suffering from Alzheimer disease often experience sleep-disordered breathing, but a new study shows that a drug, commonly used to treat the cognitive symptoms of the disease, may also help to curb sleep disturbances in these patients. In a randomized, double-blind design, researchers from Stanford University and Brazils Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, evaluated the effect of donepezil on obstructive sleep apnea in 23 patients with Alzheimer disease. The patients were allocated to two groups, donepezil-treated (11) and placebo-treated (12), and polysomnography and cognitive evaluations were performed at baseline and 3 months. Following the test period, researchers found that oxygen saturation, apnea-hypopnea index scores, and cognitive scores all improved, and sleep duration increased in patients treated with donepezil, compared with those treated with placebo. This study is published in the March issue of the journal CHEST.


CPAP THERAPY IMPROVES PROGNOSIS FOR PATIENTS WITH OSA, HEART FAILURE

New research shows continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy provides many benefits for patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and heart failure, including an improved prognosis. In the study, Japanese researchers determined the effect of CPAP therapy on the prognosis for 88 patients with heart failure and OSA. The patients were categorized into two groups; CPAP-treated (65) and untreated (23). Those in the CPAP-treated group were further classified according to therapy compliance. The frequency of death and hospitalization was analyzed using multivariate analysis, and after the follow-up period, nearly half of the patients had died or were hospitalized. Researchers concluded that the risk for death and hospitalization was greatly increased in the untreated group, as well as in the patients who used, but were less compliant with, the CPAP therapy. This study is published in the March issue of the journal CHEST.


ICU FAMILY MEMBERS AND END-OF-LIFE DECISION-MAKING

Family members of patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) are often called upon to make end-of-life decisions regarding their loved ones care. In an effort to help improve decision-making and family outcomes, a new study from the University of Washington, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Seattle, Washington, determined patient and family characteristics and processes of care associated with family satisfaction with end-of-life decision-making. Researchers administered surveys to 356 families of ICU patients dying in 10 Seattle-Tacoma medical centers. There was an overall response rate of 41%, and the surveys included summary scores for family satisfaction with decision-making and a single item score that indicated the level of support felt during decision-making. Findings suggest that, in situations where life support is withdrawn, family members report more satisfaction during the decision-making process when there was complete chart documentation of the family conference and complete chart documentation of the spiritual care needs of family members. This study is published in the March issue of the journal CHEST.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jennifer Stawarz
jstawarz@chestnet.org
847-498-8306
American College of Chest Physicians
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Springer to publish International Journal of Hematology
2. 4th annual Templeton-Cambridge fellowships awarded to 10 noted journalists
3. Yoga Journal Releases 2008 Yoga in America Market Study
4. Yoga Journal Circulation Increases 5.8 Percent in Second Half of 2007 from Same Period Previous Year
5. Springer to launch new journal in emergency medicine
6. Mind, Brain, and Education is recognized as best new journal
7. American Heart Association Themed Issue Journal Report: Journal Edition Dedicated to Womens Unique Hypertension Issues
8. Cell Stem Cell named Best New Journal of 2007
9. Springer to publish new society journal in cardiology
10. Global Consensus on Mercury: Scientists Defend Science Journalists
11. Journal Sleep: Study concludes a daytime nap can benefit a persons memory performance
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... As a lifelong Southern Californian, Dr. Omkar Marathe earned his Bachelors in ... School of Medicine at UCLA. He trained in Internal Medicine at Scripps Green Hospital ... at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai program where he had the opportunity to train in ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... Conventional wisdom ... of success. In terms of the latter, setting the bar too high can result ... more than just slow progress toward their goal. , Research from PsychTests.com ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance ... and the benefits of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, ... Disease. , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Global law firm Greenberg Traurig, P.A. announced that 20 Florida attorneys are recognized ... this recognition are considered among the top 2 percent of lawyers practicing within the ... this year’s Legal Elite Hall of Fame: Miami Shareholders Mark D. Bloom, Burt ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Topical BioMedics, Inc, makers of Topricin and MyPainAway Pain Relief Products, join ... wage raise to $12 an hour by 2020 and then adjusting it yearly to increase ... of the minimum wage, assure the wage floor does not erode again, and make future ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016   Pulmatrix, Inc ... company developing innovative inhaled drugs, announced today that it ... Russell Investments reconstituted its comprehensive set of U.S. ... "This is an important milestone for Pulmatrix," said ... increase shareholder awareness of our progress in developing drugs ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016 Any dentist who has made ... the current process. Many of them do not even offer ... difficulties and high laboratory costs involved. And those who ARE ... at such a high cost that the majority of today,s ... Dr. Parsa Zadeh , founder of Dental Evolutions Inc. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ANGELES , June 23, 2016 ... CAPR ), a biotechnology company focused ... therapeutics, today announced that patient enrollment in its ... in Duchenne) has exceeded 50% of its 24-patient ... enrollment in the third quarter of 2016, and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: