Navigation Links
Joint Center Says New Approach Required to Reduce Black Infant Mortality
Date:9/28/2007

Think-Tank's Commission Details Recommendations to Curtail Infant Deaths

WASHINGTON, Sept. 28 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The higher infant mortality rate among African Americans is "a new civil rights issue" and requires a revised set of approaches and remedies, according to a commission sponsored by the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies.

In a report released today, the Courage to Love: Infant Mortality Commission, which was established by the Joint Center's Health Policy Institute (HPI), noted that conventional remedies have failed to reduce infant deaths that are disproportionately affecting black families. It pointed to data showing that African Americans suffer infant deaths at more than double the rate of the white population in the U.S -- with 13.5 deaths per 1,000 births for blacks and 5.7 deaths per 1,000 births for whites.

The Commission, which is comprised of medical professionals and academics, said that to address what it called an "infant mortality crisis" in the African American community, more emphasis must be placed on the socioeconomic surroundings of black women, as well as expectant mothers' relationships with their babies, their babies' fathers and the communities where they live.

"The Commission determined that we need a new direction if we are going to better understand and address the infant mortality crisis in the black community," said Ralph Everett, President and CEO of the Joint Center. "These recommendations reflect the need to address social determinants of health. African American women must be viewed as members of families, communities and larger social, economic and environmental systems that affect their psychological and physical health."

In one of its key recommendations, the Commission called for an education campaign to increase the rate of breastfeeding by African American women.

The Commission, chaired by Ronald David, M.D., M.Div., and Barbara Nelson, Ph.D., in collaboration with the UCLA School of Public Affairs, determined there is a link between the high infant mortality rate among African Americans and the fact that black women have the lowest rate of breastfeeding among ethnic groups. It concluded that breastfeeding should be actively encouraged in the black community through targeted education, training, awareness and support.

"For many years, the operating theory in the health community has been that the high incidence of infant deaths among African Americans is attributed to higher teen pregnancy rates, single motherhood, lower education levels, poverty and, most recently, genetic causes," said Dr. David. "However, we found that infant mortality for blacks remained high even when all these factors were controlled."

In addition, David noted that the genetic theory is weakened by research showing better birth outcomes among foreign-born black women.

The Commission also examined relationships between infant mortality and maternal nutrition, as well as infant mortality and resilience. Further, the commission analyzed the historical framework of policies and practices currently in place to reduce infant mortality, while looking at infant mortality in a global context.

The Commission concluded that research, policy, and practice must change direction to achieve measurable change and eradicate the infant mortality disparity.

Its work included publishing four papers that analyze critical issues related to infant mortality and make the case for this imperative:

-- Infant Mortality in the Global Village: Inequality Matters, by

Ronald David, M.D., M.Div.

-- Maternal Nutrition and Infant Mortality in the Context of

Relationality, by Michael C. Lu, M.D., M.P.H., and Jessica S. Lu,

M.P.H.

-- African American Women and Breastfeeding, by Barbara L. Philipp,

M.D., F.A.A.P., F.A.B.M., and Sheina Jean-Marie

-- Race, Stress, and Social Support: Addressing the Crisis in Black

Infant Mortality, by Fleda Mask Jackson, Ph.D.

"The Commission's work is poised to become the foundation for new approaches to addressing the infant mortality problem, and saving lives," said Gina Wood, deputy director of the Joint Center HPI. "Our experts call for a series of changes in policy, practice and research to achieve greater empowerment, equity and social justice for black women, children, families, and their communities."

Copies of the reports are available on the Joint Center's web site http://www.jointcenter.org/


'/>"/>
SOURCE Joint Center
Copyright©2007 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Hyperflexible joints connected to chronic fatigue
2. New Treatment For Hip Joints
3. Joint replacement surgery outcomes may be affected by obesity and diabetes
4. New combined therapy for Knee Joint pain
5. New Hereditary Bone Joint Disorder Identified
6. Vical Biotech and NIH jointly develops HIV vaccine
7. Ambiguous Efficacy Of Opioid Drugs In Chronic Inflammatory Joint Pain Relief
8. A Joint Venture by Golfers And Military Forces To Combat AIDS
9. Merck, ICMR to conduct joint trials on cervical cancer vaccine
10. Asian Nations To Take Joint Efforts Against H5N1
11. Japanese-Indonesian Joint Venture To Produce Bird Flu Vaccine For Farm Animals
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/26/2016)... Cary, North Carolina (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... the release of a new product that was developed to enhance the health of ... harvested for centuries. , The two main herbs in the PawPaws Cat Kidney ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Austin residents seeking Mohs surgery services, can ... Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and surgical dermatology. , Dr. Dorsey ... cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. Dorsey was under ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... , ... As a lifelong Southern Californian, Dr. Omkar Marathe earned his Bachelors ... Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. He trained in Internal Medicine at Scripps Green ... hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai program where he had the opportunity to train ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... plastic surgery procedures that most people are unfamiliar with. The article goes on to ... known procedures, but also many of these less common operations such as calf and ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... The Pulmonary Hypertension Association ... it will receive two significant new grants to support its work to advance ... 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and scientists for their work in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... , June 26, 2016 ... care operating models within the health care industry is ... financial efficiency , Deloitte offers a suite of ... business issues impacting efficient cost optimization: labor resource analysis, ... These services facilitate better outcomes and better economics ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 ... has announced the addition of the " Global ... This report ... provides an updated review, including its applications in various ... total market, which includes three main industries: pharmaceutical and ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... to their offering. ... World Market for Companion Diagnostics covers the world market for ... report includes the following: , World IVD ... (N. America, EU, ROW), 2015-2020 , World IVD Companion ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: