Navigation Links
Japanese family members less likely than others to give CPR for cardiac arrest
Date:11/4/2012

Family members didn't give CPR for cardiac arrests as often as passers-by or friends in a Japanese study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2012.

Cardiac arrest is the sudden loss of heart function, typically resulting from an abnormal heart rhythm that causes the heart to quiver erratically and stop pumping blood. According to the American Heart Association, effective bystander CPR provided immediately after sudden cardiac arrest can double or triple a victim's chance of survival.

In a review of 547,218 cardiac arrests occurring in 2005-09, researchers identified almost 140,000 incidents witnessed by bystanders without a physician's involvement. Bystander groups studied included family members, friends and colleagues, passers-by and others.

Researchers found:

  • The time interval between collapse and emergency call and between call and arrival to patients was shortest when witnessed by passers-by.
  • Family members were least likely (36.5 percent) to administer CPR, but most likely to receive telephone instructions from dispatchers (45.8 percent).
  • The telephone instruction to family members most frequently failed (39.4 percent) and family members most often used chest compressions only (67.9 percent).

"If you go into cardiac arrest in front of your family, you may not survive," said Hideo Inaba, M.D., Ph.D., lead author of the study and professor and chairman of the Department of Emergency Medical Science at Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medicine in Kanazawa, Japan. "Different strategies, including basic life support instruction targeting smaller households, especially those with elderly residents, would improve survival, as would recruiting well-trained citizens willing to perform CPR on victims whose arrest was witnessed by family members."

CPR provided by family members may have been ineffective due to their lack of knowledge or fear of injuring their loved one, said Inaba. Cultural and demographic issues in Japan, which has a large gender gap, may also have contributed to the findings, he said.

In a study conducted in 2008, researchers found that Japanese women were less likely to attempt CPR. Men accounted for a majority of cardiac arrests in the current study, and their wives or daughters-in-law witnessed most of them, researchers said.

Japan has a rapidly aging population, with elderly people, mostly couples, in 42 percent of households in 2010, Inaba said.

"These characteristics of Japanese households might have contributed to our observations and may be different from households in the United States," Inaba said. "Also, the percentage of older persons in Japan is larger than in the U.S. population. So the results may be less applicable." Furthermore, the database didn't include the exact location of each cardiac arrest, although basic life support response and outcomes differ between locations. The type of bystander who responds is also closely related to the location of the cardiac arrest.


'/>"/>

Contact: Bridgette McNeill
bridgette.mcneill@heart.org
214-706-1173
American Heart Association
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Rising cardiovascular incidence after Japanese earthquake 2011
2. Physical, Mental Toll of Japanese Nuke Plant Meltdown Assessed
3. Japanese-American Men With Low Vitamin-D Diet Face Higher Stroke Risk
4. U-M guidelines help family physicians evaluate, manage urinary incontinence for women
5. Family Health Insurance Premiums Jump 4 Percent in 2012
6. September/October 2012 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
7. Scientists Find Links Among Parkinsons, Cancer and Family History
8. Cancer gene family member functions key to cell adhesion and migration
9. For Colorado Family, Its Allergies All Around
10. Experts from John Theurer Cancer Center to participate in the AAMDSIF Patient and Family Conference
11. Tips for Memorable Family Road Trips
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... Stephanie Hebert Insurance Agency, serving families ... new charity campaign. As part of their ongoing community involvement program, funds are ... that children deserve a voice, and in the spirit of neighbors helping neighbors ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Tingley Rubber Corporation , a leading ... range of unique and advantaged protective solutions to a growing and dynamic ... customer service and marketing support. A new distribution center in Brampton, Ontario will ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... networking and relationship-marketing firm, announced today that nominations will be accepted February ... (ISE®) West Awards. , Awards include the Information Security Executive® of ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... GrassrootsHealth published data from its D*action public ... in the GrassrootsHealth cohort with substantially higher vitamin D levels than a cohort ... states Carole Baggerly, Director of GrassrootsHealth, “the safety and benefits of vitamin ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... The ... annually in this country. The AutismOne 2016 Conference, which is being held May 25-29 ... often won’t hear elsewhere about helpful interventions and causes of chronic illness in children. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... 2016 http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/fqx6nz/global_skin ) ... Skin Protective Equipment Market 2016-2020" report to ... ) has announced the addition of the ... to their offering. --> ... the addition of the "Global Skin Protective ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... , Feb. 8, 2016  A research team ... scientists has discovered details of how the abnormal breakage ... a particularly aggressive form of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). ... which genetic mutations trigger overproduction of immature cells, called ... The discoveries of the malfunction underlying the type called ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... -- As part of a major growth and expansion initiative, Dune ... Lori Chmura as President of Dune Inc., its U.S. ... extensive experience in the medical device space will play a ... --> --> In her ... marketing and operational functions in the U.S. She is tasked ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: