Navigation Links
Japanese family members less likely than others to give CPR for cardiac arrest
Date:11/4/2012

Family members didn't give CPR for cardiac arrests as often as passers-by or friends in a Japanese study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2012.

Cardiac arrest is the sudden loss of heart function, typically resulting from an abnormal heart rhythm that causes the heart to quiver erratically and stop pumping blood. According to the American Heart Association, effective bystander CPR provided immediately after sudden cardiac arrest can double or triple a victim's chance of survival.

In a review of 547,218 cardiac arrests occurring in 2005-09, researchers identified almost 140,000 incidents witnessed by bystanders without a physician's involvement. Bystander groups studied included family members, friends and colleagues, passers-by and others.

Researchers found:

  • The time interval between collapse and emergency call and between call and arrival to patients was shortest when witnessed by passers-by.
  • Family members were least likely (36.5 percent) to administer CPR, but most likely to receive telephone instructions from dispatchers (45.8 percent).
  • The telephone instruction to family members most frequently failed (39.4 percent) and family members most often used chest compressions only (67.9 percent).

"If you go into cardiac arrest in front of your family, you may not survive," said Hideo Inaba, M.D., Ph.D., lead author of the study and professor and chairman of the Department of Emergency Medical Science at Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medicine in Kanazawa, Japan. "Different strategies, including basic life support instruction targeting smaller households, especially those with elderly residents, would improve survival, as would recruiting well-trained citizens willing to perform CPR on victims whose arrest was witnessed by family members."

CPR provided by family members may have been ineffective due to their lack of knowledge or fear of injuring their loved one, said Inaba. Cultural and demographic issues in Japan, which has a large gender gap, may also have contributed to the findings, he said.

In a study conducted in 2008, researchers found that Japanese women were less likely to attempt CPR. Men accounted for a majority of cardiac arrests in the current study, and their wives or daughters-in-law witnessed most of them, researchers said.

Japan has a rapidly aging population, with elderly people, mostly couples, in 42 percent of households in 2010, Inaba said.

"These characteristics of Japanese households might have contributed to our observations and may be different from households in the United States," Inaba said. "Also, the percentage of older persons in Japan is larger than in the U.S. population. So the results may be less applicable." Furthermore, the database didn't include the exact location of each cardiac arrest, although basic life support response and outcomes differ between locations. The type of bystander who responds is also closely related to the location of the cardiac arrest.


'/>"/>

Contact: Bridgette McNeill
bridgette.mcneill@heart.org
214-706-1173
American Heart Association
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Rising cardiovascular incidence after Japanese earthquake 2011
2. Physical, Mental Toll of Japanese Nuke Plant Meltdown Assessed
3. Japanese-American Men With Low Vitamin-D Diet Face Higher Stroke Risk
4. U-M guidelines help family physicians evaluate, manage urinary incontinence for women
5. Family Health Insurance Premiums Jump 4 Percent in 2012
6. September/October 2012 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
7. Scientists Find Links Among Parkinsons, Cancer and Family History
8. Cancer gene family member functions key to cell adhesion and migration
9. For Colorado Family, Its Allergies All Around
10. Experts from John Theurer Cancer Center to participate in the AAMDSIF Patient and Family Conference
11. Tips for Memorable Family Road Trips
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Baciocco Brothers Insurance Agency, a northern California ... region, is initiating a charity event to raise support and awareness for the ... center in Sacramento works to provide area teens and families with treatment programs ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... OCTOBER XX, 2016 (PRWEB) (PRWEB) December 07, ... ... mystery. A new study entitled “Canine Filamentous Dermatitis Associated with Borrelia Infection” ... in dogs. The study was published in the prestigious Journal of Veterinary Science ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... condemning "scam operations" carried out by unethical locksmith companies and is urging Search ... a halt. According to Texas Premier Locksmith, these fraudulent locksmith services take advantage ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... Bioelectronic ... Plus for consumers and healthcare professionals to manage chronic and acute pain. ... treatment modalities available in a single device. The announcement is part of ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... “Fred Rides a Train” ... Day that follows. , “Fred Rides a Train” is the creation of published ... stories since her teen years in Michigan. The "Fred, the Dog" series is her ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/6/2016)... , Dec. 6, 2016  Licenders is bringing their 100% all-natural ... location in Park Slope at 203 13 th Street was ... clientele. "Our goal is to ease parents, ... are designed to get children right back to class without skipping ... all natural and safe for the whole family," Licenders President ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... , Dec. 6, 2016 Radioisotopes are radioactive ... are produced either by using nuclear research reactor or ... form of alpha, beta or gamma when changed to ... used in Nuclear medicine, specifically in medical diagnostics. In ... information about a human body,s functioning. Radiotherapy is also ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... 2016 Anaplastic Oligoastrocytoma - Pipeline Review, ... latest Pharmaceutical and Healthcare disease pipeline guide Anaplastic ... overview of the Anaplastic Oligoastrocytoma (Oncology) pipeline landscape. ... forms when two types of cells in the ... number to form a mass. These brain cells ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: