Navigation Links
Japanese P2 study shows potential of combined vaccine and steroid drug in castration-resistant PCa

Arnhem, 11 March 2013- Multi-peptide vaccination therapy combined with the low-dose steroid drug dexamethasone shows promise in treating chemotherapy-naive castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients.

The study, which won the third prize for best abstract in oncology at the 28th European Association of Urology Congress held in Milan, Italy from 15 to 19 March, showed the promising benefit of this combination therapy in patients who are chemotherapy-naive or those not yet exposed to specific antigens.

"Results of our randomized prospective study suggest that multi-peptide vaccination therapy in combination with low dose dexamethasone has the therapeutic potential as a safe and efficient option for chemotherapy-nave CRPC patients," said lead study author Dr. Takahiro Kimura, of the Jikei University School of Medicine, Dept. of Urology, Tokyo, Japan.

Since immunotherapy does not have a strong ability to decrease tumour burden, it is considerably difficult to evaluate the full extent of a significant therapeutic effect with peptide vaccines, explained Kimura. "Taking this into consideration, the present evidence is promising," he said.

The researchers have previously developed MHC class-I restricted peptide vaccines for prostate cancer and carried out a phase 1 trial to assess safety and immunological evaluation. In the present study, Kimura and his colleagues conducted a randomized phase 2 study to evaluate the efficacy of peptide vaccine therapy for chemotherapy nave CRPC patients.

Early stage CRPC (PSA<10ng/ml) patients were randomized to two treatment groups; peptide vaccine with low dose (1mg/day) dexamethasone (Dx), while the other group were given low dose Dx alone. The patients were vaccinated subcutaneously with 3 mg of selected peptides (max. 4 kinds) six times at two weeks interval. Dx 1mg/day p.o. was started on the first day of peptide vaccination. Toxicity assessment, immunological and clinical responses were investigated every three months. The primary endpoint of the study is progression-free survival including serum PSA.

Kimura said that although percentage PSA decline is the same in both vaccination/dexamethasone and dexamethasone alone group, PSA-PFS was significantly longer (p<0.0008) in the vaccination group.

"This means that the anti-tumour immune response may play an important role in suppressing disease progression. This therapeutic strategy using peptide vaccines is likely to be comparable as that from currently developed anti-androgenic agents such as abiraterone acetate, MDV3100," Kimura noted.

Castration resistant prostate cancer is a difficult patient group to manage since although a number of therapeutic modalities have been developed, none have lived up to the full expectations and treatment options remain limited.

Kimura added that although the concept of immunotherapy for cancer is not new, recent technological advances have opened new avenues to explore and optimize peptide-based immunotherapy.

"Since the anti-tumour effects of peptide vaccination are driven by different mechanisms as those from ADT and chemotherapy, we may circumvent many of the pitfalls experienced with the current therapies. We believe that this treatment approach will be key in order to achieve a breakthrough as a new therapeutic option for CRPC," he said.

Contact: Ivanka Moerkerken
European Association of Urology

Related medicine news :

1. Japanese P2 study shows potential of combined vaccine and steroid drug in castration resistant PCa
2. CogniFit Launches its Online Brain Training Platform in Japanese
3. 68% Fake? Japanese Dietary Products Sold on eBay
4. Japanese family members less likely than others to give CPR for cardiac arrest
5. Rising cardiovascular incidence after Japanese earthquake 2011
6. Physical, Mental Toll of Japanese Nuke Plant Meltdown Assessed
7. Japanese-American Men With Low Vitamin-D Diet Face Higher Stroke Risk
8. Study uncovers new cells in the urethra which may detect hazardous substances
9. Surgery is superior to radiotherapy in men with localized PCa, says prize-winning Swedish study
10. New study on UTIs suggests flagellin is key in stimulating bodys natural defences
11. Study shows additional role for abiraterone in blocking tumor growth in CRPC
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Intellitec Solutions announced today that they have ... as Microsoft’s official group for end users of Dynamics SL ERP software, the ... experts and representatives. Intellitec Solutions’ membership status demonstrates their ongoing commitment to the ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... The moment you stop improving is ... fulfilling the needs of advisers and clients but going above and beyond to ... customer service. However, there's always room for improvement, which is why the entire ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... CBD College ... Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) awarded accreditation to its Diagnostic Medical Sonography program. CBD ... colleges, as only one of twelve colleges and universities in the state of California ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... ... Dr. Thomas Dunlap and Dr. Patrick Coleman , cardiologist ... Medicine at St., Joseph Health System’s Santa Rosa Memorial Hospital , co-hosted the ... ways and require time-critical intervention to avoid large area heart damage and progressive infections ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... Q-Suite, announces the incorporation of Asterisk 11 LTS (Long Term Support) into its ... 11 LTS brings Q-Suite 5.10 up-to-date with a version of Asterisk that will ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/27/2015)... , Nov. 27, 2015 Research and ... the "Global Intrauterine Devices Market 2015-2019" report ... --> In this report, the author the ... devices market for 2015-2019. To calculate the market size, ... following type of products: Hormonal IUDs and copper IUDs. ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... UTRECHT, the Netherlands , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ...   A new combination approach blends immunotherapy ... --> A new combination approach blends immunotherapy with ... A new combination approach blends immunotherapy with ... the Netherlands has found that immunotherapy ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 2015 Research and Markets ( ... "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies in the ... Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, Emerging Opportunities" ... --> --> This new 247-page ... therapeutic drug monitoring market, including emerging tests, technologies, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: