Navigation Links
JCI early table of contents for Feb. 15, 2013
Date:2/15/2013

A smoking gun in lung cancer epigenetics

Recent studies have identified correlations between cigarette smoke-induced microRNA (miRNA) expression and different aspects of lung cancer; however, it is unclear how miRNA expression directly contributes to carcinogenesis. MiRNAs regulate the expression of target genes and can have a significant impact on when and how well different gene products are expressed. In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, David Schrump and colleagues at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, MD, measured miRNA expression in normal human lung cells exposed to cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) and lung cancer cells derived from smokers and non-smokers. They found that CSC exposure repressed the miRNA-487b. Loss of miRNA-487b increased the expression of five critical oncogenes and enhanced the proliferation, invasion, tumorigenicity, and metastatic capacity of lung cells. Loss of miRNA-487b and concomitant up-regulation of the five oncogenes was also observed in patient lung cancer specimens. These results reveal a direct mechanism by which cigarette smoke-induced miRNA alterations promote lung carcinogenesis.

TITLE:
Cigarette smoke mediates epigenetic repression of miR-487b during pulmonary carcinogenesis

AUTHOR CONTACT:
David Schrump
National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
Phone: 301-496-2128; E-mail: david_schrump@nih.gov

View this article at: http://www.jci.org/articles/view/61271?key=1f628155b6680108ff1a


Researchers identify a factor that may contribute to increased heart attack-related mortality in diabetics

Diabetic patients are more than twice as likely to die from a heart attack as non-diabetic patients, but the mechanisms that underlie increased heart attack-related mortality in diabetic patients are unknown. High levels of the oxidized form of the protein CamKII (ox-CaMKII) have been linked to increased risk of sudden death after heart attack. Additionally, hearts from diabetic patients have significantly greater ox-CAMKII compared to hearts from non-diabetic patients. In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Min Luo and colleagues at the University of Iowa used a mouse model of diabetest to determine if ox-CAMKII was an essential component of the molecular pathway that increases heart attack-related mortality in diabetic patients. The transgenic mouse model was engineered to express a form of CaMKII that cannot be oxidized in the heart muscle. Luo and colleagues found that diabetic mice expressed the non-oxidizable form of CamKII were less likely to die after a heart attack than mice that expressed normal CamKII. These findings suggest that ox-CAMKII may also increase post-heart attack mortality in diabetic patients and indicate that therapies that reduce oxidation of CamKII could be useful in treating diabetic patients who suffer from cardiovascular disease.

TITLE:
Diabetes increases mortality after myocardial infarction by oxidizing CaMKII

AUTHOR CONTACT:
Min Luo
University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics, Iowa city, IA, USA
Phone: 319-356-2745; Fax: 319-356-8608; E-mail: min-luo-1@uiowa.edu

View this article at: http://www.jci.org/articles/view/65268?key=092be585f593debb00e1

ALSO IN THIS ISSUE

TITLE:
Depletion of FOXP3+ regulatory T cells promotes hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis

AUTHOR CONTACT:
Goran Hansson
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SWE
Phone: 08-517-762-22; Fax: 46-8-313147; E-mail: Goran.Hansson@ki.se

View this article at: http://www.jci.org/articles/view/63891?key=c1df843db2cf77228eea

TITLE:
Mitochondrial Complex I activity and NAD+/NADH balance regulate breast cancer progression

AUTHOR CONTACT:
Brunhilde Felding-Haberman
Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA
Phone: 858-784-2021; E-mail: brunie@scripps.edu

View this article at: http://www.jci.org/articles/view/64264?key=790b11e14555fb86bf85

TITLE:
IL-6 trans-signaling promotes pancreatitis-associated lung injury and lethality

AUTHOR CONTACT:
Hana Algul
Technical University of Munich, Munich, DEU
Phone: 49-89-41406792; E-mail: hana.alguel@lrz.tum.de

View this article at: http://www.jci.org/articles/view/64931?key=5cdcf8375cd08827aa82

TITLE:
Hypoxia-responsive miRNAs target argonaute 1 to promote angiogenesis

AUTHOR CONTACT:
John Y-J. Shyy
University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA, USA
Phone: 951-827-3863; Fax: 951-827-5504; E-mail: john.shyy@ucr.edu

View this article at: http://www.jci.org/articles/view/65344?key=5fab53e050196df9d18b

TITLE:
ERG induces androgen receptor-mediated regulation of SOX9 in prostate cancer

AUTHOR CONTACT:
Steven Balk
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
Phone: 617-735-2065; Fax: 617-735-2050; E-mail: sbalk@bidmc.harvard.edu

View this article at: http://www.jci.org/articles/view/66666?key=ebfd1fb6b15a5fd9a7ea


'/>"/>

Contact: Jillian Hurst
press_releases@the-jci.org
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New Stool Test Might Aid in Early Detection of Colon Cancer
2. An Early Start for Your Child with Autism
3. Early Study Finds Some Promise for Lung Cancer Vaccine
4. Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis Early and Aggressively: Guidelines
5. JCI early table of contents for April 9, 2012
6. Eye Tremors May Aid Early Diagnosis of Parkinsons: Study
7. Nearly 1 in 4 grandparents store prescription medicines where children can easily find them
8. First contact: Early intervention key in diagnosis and treatment of serious mental illness
9. Brain Tumor Vaccine Shows Promise in Early Trial
10. Role of Screening, Monitoring in Early Kidney Disease Unclear
11. Detecting malaria early to save lives: New optical technique promises rapid and accurate diagnosis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... As health professionals work to ... “patient engagement.” The patient is doing more than filling out a survey; in many ... is an increasing emphasis in health care and research on the importance of active ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... PharmD ‘17, and Jennifer Huggins, PharmD ’17, along with clinical associate professor ... prevention of cardiovascular diseases during the 15th Annual Women’s Health Conference. The ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... NY (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Ellevate ... people in business to advocate for action towards gender equality at their inaugural Summit ... from around the globe, and reached a social audience of over 3 million. To ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field”: ... souls in the Philippines. “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field” is ... Bible. She has taught all ages and currently teaches a class of ladies at ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... products to meet the demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From ... probiotic experts and tested to meet the highest standard. , These products ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... MENLO PARK, Calif. , Oct. 11, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... a national scientific team that developed an innovative way ... and quantity of the delivery of new drugs. ... the 2017 Fall Clinical Dermatology Conference will show how ... Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School used a suite ...
(Date:10/10/2017)...   West Pharmaceutical Services, Inc. (NYSE: WST), ... administration, today shared the results of a study highlighting ... intradermal administration of polio vaccines. The study results were ... 2017 by Dr. Ondrej Mach , Clinical Trials ... (WHO), and recently published in the journal Vaccine. ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... , Oct. 4, 2017 ... single-use, self-contained, illuminating medical devices, today announced regulatory ... Health Surveillance Agency (or Agência Nacional de Vigilância ... first single-use, cordless surgical retractor with integrated LED ... optimal access, illumination and exposure of a tissue ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: