Navigation Links
JCI early table of contents for Feb. 15, 2013

A smoking gun in lung cancer epigenetics

Recent studies have identified correlations between cigarette smoke-induced microRNA (miRNA) expression and different aspects of lung cancer; however, it is unclear how miRNA expression directly contributes to carcinogenesis. MiRNAs regulate the expression of target genes and can have a significant impact on when and how well different gene products are expressed. In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, David Schrump and colleagues at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, MD, measured miRNA expression in normal human lung cells exposed to cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) and lung cancer cells derived from smokers and non-smokers. They found that CSC exposure repressed the miRNA-487b. Loss of miRNA-487b increased the expression of five critical oncogenes and enhanced the proliferation, invasion, tumorigenicity, and metastatic capacity of lung cells. Loss of miRNA-487b and concomitant up-regulation of the five oncogenes was also observed in patient lung cancer specimens. These results reveal a direct mechanism by which cigarette smoke-induced miRNA alterations promote lung carcinogenesis.

Cigarette smoke mediates epigenetic repression of miR-487b during pulmonary carcinogenesis

David Schrump
National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
Phone: 301-496-2128; E-mail:

View this article at:

Researchers identify a factor that may contribute to increased heart attack-related mortality in diabetics

Diabetic patients are more than twice as likely to die from a heart attack as non-diabetic patients, but the mechanisms that underlie increased heart attack-related mortality in diabetic patients are unknown. High levels of the oxidized form of the protein CamKII (ox-CaMKII) have been linked to increased risk of sudden death after heart attack. Additionally, hearts from diabetic patients have significantly greater ox-CAMKII compared to hearts from non-diabetic patients. In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Min Luo and colleagues at the University of Iowa used a mouse model of diabetest to determine if ox-CAMKII was an essential component of the molecular pathway that increases heart attack-related mortality in diabetic patients. The transgenic mouse model was engineered to express a form of CaMKII that cannot be oxidized in the heart muscle. Luo and colleagues found that diabetic mice expressed the non-oxidizable form of CamKII were less likely to die after a heart attack than mice that expressed normal CamKII. These findings suggest that ox-CAMKII may also increase post-heart attack mortality in diabetic patients and indicate that therapies that reduce oxidation of CamKII could be useful in treating diabetic patients who suffer from cardiovascular disease.

Diabetes increases mortality after myocardial infarction by oxidizing CaMKII

Min Luo
University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics, Iowa city, IA, USA
Phone: 319-356-2745; Fax: 319-356-8608; E-mail:

View this article at:


Depletion of FOXP3+ regulatory T cells promotes hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis

Goran Hansson
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SWE
Phone: 08-517-762-22; Fax: 46-8-313147; E-mail:

View this article at:

Mitochondrial Complex I activity and NAD+/NADH balance regulate breast cancer progression

Brunhilde Felding-Haberman
Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA
Phone: 858-784-2021; E-mail:

View this article at:

IL-6 trans-signaling promotes pancreatitis-associated lung injury and lethality

Hana Algul
Technical University of Munich, Munich, DEU
Phone: 49-89-41406792; E-mail:

View this article at:

Hypoxia-responsive miRNAs target argonaute 1 to promote angiogenesis

John Y-J. Shyy
University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA, USA
Phone: 951-827-3863; Fax: 951-827-5504; E-mail:

View this article at:

ERG induces androgen receptor-mediated regulation of SOX9 in prostate cancer

Steven Balk
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
Phone: 617-735-2065; Fax: 617-735-2050; E-mail:

View this article at:


Contact: Jillian Hurst
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Related medicine news :

1. New Stool Test Might Aid in Early Detection of Colon Cancer
2. An Early Start for Your Child with Autism
3. Early Study Finds Some Promise for Lung Cancer Vaccine
4. Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis Early and Aggressively: Guidelines
5. JCI early table of contents for April 9, 2012
6. Eye Tremors May Aid Early Diagnosis of Parkinsons: Study
7. Nearly 1 in 4 grandparents store prescription medicines where children can easily find them
8. First contact: Early intervention key in diagnosis and treatment of serious mental illness
9. Brain Tumor Vaccine Shows Promise in Early Trial
10. Role of Screening, Monitoring in Early Kidney Disease Unclear
11. Detecting malaria early to save lives: New optical technique promises rapid and accurate diagnosis
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/28/2015)... Aliso Viejo, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 28, 2015 , ... ... 30 new fully customizable media panels to choose from, the possibilities are endless. Users ... angle, and more. With the ProPanel: Pulse masking effects, users are sure to get ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... According to ... out by the University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia suggested that ... for head injuries. The article explains that part of the reason for the controversial ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... A team of Swiss doctors has released a report ... has just posted the findings on the website. Click here to read the ... 136 mesothelioma patients who were treated with chemotherapy followed by EPP surgery. Among the ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Lizzie’s Lice Pickers just announced a special promotion that will ... their purchase of lice treatment product. In addition, customers will receive a complimentary head ... “Finding lice is a sure way to ruin the holidays, so we encourage all ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... CA (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... MPWH, the No.1 Herpes-only dating community ... 30 (see Table 1-1 ). More than 3.7 billion people under the age ... type 1 (HSV-1), according to WHO's first global estimates of HSV-1 infection . , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... 2015  The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), ... the March of Dimes cheered today,s signature into ... Act of 2015 (S.799), which takes much-needed ... exposed to drugs, such as opioids, and to ... three organizations have worked together leading advocacy efforts ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 2015 On Tuesday, November 24, 2015, ... against Wright Medical Technology, Inc. for product liability ... hip implant device, awarded $11 million in favor ... trial and three days of deliberations, the jury ... defectively designed and unreasonably dangerous, and that Wright ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Israel , November 25, 2015 ... KTOV ) (TASE: KTOV), a biopharmaceutical company focused ... treatment of various clinical conditions, today announced the closing ... American Depository Shares ( ADSs ), each representing 20 ... up to 3,158,900 ADSs. The ADSs and warrants were ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: