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Italian study examines clinical predictors of acute urinary symptoms after radiotherapy for prostate
Date:11/15/2013

rbidities and drugs, use of hormonal therapy (HT), previous surgery, smoking, age, BMI and prostate volume. In IPSS, each item ranges from 0 to 5 with increasing score which indicates increasing toxicity severity: for each question, a score≥4 at the end of the therapy was considered as the end point.

At the time of the analysis (January 2013), 339 patients have been enrolled by nine institutes. Clinical data of 212/339 patients were available (93 CONV and 119 HYPO). Of 172/212 patients both baseline and end-RT IPSS were collected. For 179/212 patients also DVH/DSH were available. Questions POLL, DYS and NICT (respectively 2, 3 and 7) showed the larger increase of the fraction of patients with scores ≥4 between basal and end questionnaire; consequently, the analysis focused on these symptoms.

The number of patients with scores≥4 increased from 8 to 30 for POLL, from 5 to 20 for DYS and from 12 to 34 for NICT. At MVA (overall p<0.0001), the main independent predictors of acute POLL were: Smoking (OR:2.74, p=0.04) and S8.5w (OR:1.01, p=0.10); AUC=0.66. The model was confirmed also after the exclusion of patients with baseline IPSS-POLL ≥4 (AUC=0.69).

"This study (DUE01) is aimed at prospectively collecting an enormous number of patient-reported information concerning GU toxicity (and erectile dysfunction as well) before, during and at the end of radiotherapy and for a period of five years after its completion," said Cozzarini.

"The study therefore has a high probability of helping to develop highly reliable models for the prediction of acute and late GU toxicity and erectile dysfunction and their impact on quality of life," he added.

"As a consequence, the final results of this investigation should have a significant impact on the evolution of radiotherapy of prostate cancer in the next five to 10 years leading to a significant reduction of GU toxicity and sexual dysfunction deriving from a more ref
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Contact: Evgenia Starkova
e.starkova@uroweb.org
European Association of Urology
Source:Eurekalert

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