Navigation Links
It takes a village to keep teens substance free
Date:5/1/2012

During high school the parents of teenagers' friends can have as much effect on the teens' substance use as their own parents, according to prevention researchers.

"Among friendship groups with 'good parents' there's a synergistic effect -- if your parents are consistent and aware of your whereabouts, and your friends' parents are also consistent and aware of their (children's) whereabouts, then you are less likely to use substances," said Michael J. Cleveland, research assistant professor at the Prevention Research Center and the Methodology Center, Penn State. "But if you belong to a friendship group whose parents are inconsistent, and your parents are consistent, you're still more likely to use alcohol. The differences here are due to your friends' parents, not yours."

Cleveland and his colleagues report parenting behaviors and adolescents' substance-use behaviors to be significantly correlated in the "expected directions" in this month's issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. Results show higher levels of parental knowledge and disciplinary consistency leading to a lower likelihood of substance use, whereas lower levels lead to a higher likelihood of substance use.

However if adolescents' parents are consistent and generally aware of their children's activities, but the parents of the children's friends are inconsistent and generally unaware of their own children's activities, the adolescents are more likely to use substances than if their friends' parents were more similar to their own parents.

"The peer context is a very powerful influence," said Cleveland. "We've found in other studies that the peer aspect can overwhelm your upbringing."

While long suspected to be the case, the researchers believe this to be the first study where parenting at the peer level proved to have a concrete and statistically significant impact on child outcomes.

The researchers surveyed 9,417 ninth-grade students during the spring semester, and then again the following spring semester. The students came from 27 different rural school districts in Pennsylvania and Iowa, all participating in the Promoting School-university-community Partnerships to Enhance Resilience (PROSPER) study. In ninth grade, the researchers asked the students to name five of their closest friends. The researchers identified social networks within the schools by matching up the mutually exclusive friendships. Overall, the researchers identified 897 different friendship groups, with an average of 10 to 11 students in each group.

At that time students also answered questions about their perceptions of how much their parents knew about where they were and who they were with. They were also asked about the consistency of their parents' discipline. In the tenth-grade follow-up, students responded to questions about their substance use habits, specifically their use of alcohol, cigarettes and marijuana.

Behaviors of friends' parents influenced substance use even when taking into account the effects of the teens' own parents' behaviors and their friends' substance use, demonstrating the powerful effect of peers on adolescent behavior.

"I think that it empowers parents to know that not only can they have an influence on their own children, but they can also have a positive influence on their children's friends as well," said Cleveland. "And that by acting together -- the notion of 'it takes a village' -- can actually result in better outcomes for adolescents."


'/>"/>

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
vmi1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Bioniche Achieves Two Additional Milestones Under Licensing Agreement; Endo Takes up Global Rights
2. AntiBiggestLoser.com; New Blog Takes Aim at Worldwide Reality TV Show, "The Biggest Loser"
3. USA's Greatest Speed Skater Takes His Medical Practice to the Cutting Edge
4. Global Nutrition Firm Takes Dose of SonicWALL to Boost Network Health
5. Students Run LA Takes 40,000 Students Across the Marathon Finish Line Over Past 21 Years
6. Where Cancer Treatment Takes Place May Influence Outcome
7. MVP Health Care Takes KidPower Youth Sports Program to Facebook
8. It Takes a Village to Help Babies Sleep Safely
9. Pediatric personalized medicine takes center stage at first-of-its-kind international conference
10. Cambodia takes action in fight against substandard and counterfeit medicines
11. Internet Sweepstakes Cafe's…Already Causing Impact on Gambling Problems in Florida
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... ... A stressful work environment can hurt the physical and emotional health of employees. ... workplace. The goal of Clearview Resolution Services has always been to help others, starting ... will be shutting down the office early on Fridays. The Clearview team will use ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... A recent report ... score performance for the 2015-16 school year across Wisconsin’s public schools, charter schools, ... highlights important patterns in student test score performance, the report’s limited analyses fail ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... Lake Park Dental is now accepting new ... in Lutz, FL. With the help of this highly-effective, yet convenient system, patients ... complications, more discretion and less pain. , Drs. Sarah Jockin, Nicole Morganti, Sara ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... , ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... they rely on contracted partners to help with process innovation in drug formulation ... drug formulation experience along with state-of-the-art analytical equipment in support of their development ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... GA (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... their neck and back pain with a reputable physician in their area, announces the ... CRM protects patient information for patients who are looking for reputable physicians to help ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... , April 19, 2017  Sorrento Therapeutics, ... antibody-centric, clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing new treatments for ... the closing of its previously announced underwritten public ... at a public offering price of $2.00 per ... estimated offering expenses payable by Sorrento.  The net ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... , April 18, 2017  Cardinal Health (NYSE: ... 1 fiscal 2017 earnings per share (EPS) guidance ... 2019.  This is in conjunction with this morning,s announcement ... Vein Thrombosis and Nutritional Insufficiency businesses. Cardinal ... continuing operations will be at the bottom of its ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... BLOOMINGTON, Minn. , April 18, 2017 ... ) ("Imprimis"), an ophthalmology-focused pharmaceutical company, and Cameron ... announced the signing of a three-year exclusive sales ... deploy a dedicated sales team to introduce Imprimis, ... primarily focused in 13 states in the U.S. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: