Navigation Links
Is there a period of increased vulnerability for repeat traumatic brain injury?

New Rochelle, NY, January 10, 2013Repeat traumatic brain injury affects a subgroup of the 3.5 million people who suffer head trauma each year. Even a mild repeat TBI that occurs when the brain is still recovering from an initial injury can result in poorer outcomes, especially in children and young adults. A metabolic marker that could serve as the basis for new mild TBI vulnerability guidelines is described in an article in Journal of Neurotrauma, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is available free on the Journal of Neurotrauma website at

In an Editorial, "The Window of Risk in Repeated Head Injury," accompanying this article, John T. Povlishock, PhD, Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Neurotrauma and Professor, VCU Neuroscience Center, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, states that recent studies of TBI in animal models have shown that while repeat injury can exacerbate structural, functional, metabolic, and behavioral responses, "these responses only occur when the injury is repeated within a specific time frame post-injury."

"Specifically, this window of risk is greatest when the interval between injuries is short, hours to days, while any risk for increased damage is obviated when the intervals between injuries are elongated over days to weeks," says Dr. Povlishock. It is not yet clear if these time periods of increased risk are age- or gender-specific or depend on the intensity of the initial injury.

A consistent finding following TBI in both humans and animal models is a decrease in glucose uptake by the brain. Mayumi Prins, Daya Alexander, Christopher Giza, and David Hovda, The UCLA Brain Injury Research Center, Los Angeles, CA, simulated single and repeat (after 1 or 5 days) mild TBI in rats and measured cerebral glucose metabolism. They tested the hypothesis that the rats' brains would be more vulnerable to the damaging effects of repeat TBI at 1 day post-injury, when glucose metabolism was still decreased, than at 5 days, when it had returned to normal levels.

In the article, "Repeat Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Mechanisms of Cerebral Vulnerability," the authors propose that the duration of metabolic slowdown in the brain could serve as a valuable biomarker for how long a child might be at increased risk of repeat TBI.


Contact: Vicki Cohn
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Related medicine news :

1. Dr. Carol Francis Radio Talk Show Discusses Sexual Abuse as Related to "Coach" Jerry Sandusky; Interview With Abuse Survivor Teresa Joyce, Author of "There's A Fine Line"
2. New findings by GW researcher break tanning misconceptions: There is no such thing as a safe tan
3. Are there gender differences in anti-HIV drug efficacy?
4. Theres an app for that: Apple iPod Touch helps adults with autism function in the workplace
5. Youth with autism gravitate toward STEM majors in college -- if they get there
6. Are there racial disparities in osteoporosis screening and treatment?
7. Predicting risk of arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death: Theres a computer model for that
8. IADR/AADR published study estimates high prevalence of periodontis in US adults
9. Penn-led research suggests a new strategy to prevent or halt periodontal disease
10. Certified Astro-Clairvoyant Norah Guide With Premium Astrology Now Offers Insight Into Transit Periods
11. Atlantic Information Services Dec. 19 Webinar to Review Just-Ended MA Annual Election Period
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Is there a period of increased vulnerability for repeat traumatic brain injury?
(Date:11/25/2015)... Rouge, LA (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... in the United States District Court of Connecticut on behalf of a home health ... behalf of all current or former home health care workers employed by Humana, Inc., ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Dental professionals who would like to become more proficient on ... Dr. Mark Iacobelli’s Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM) CE course. Courses will be held on ... co-founders of Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM), Dr. Iacobelli and Dr. D’Orazio are proud to ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 2015 , ... On November 23rd 2015 Cozy Products, a division ... business. Cozy Products explains what this means for business moving forward. , The Tri ... Products business model: to sell personal heaters that reduce energy consumption, are economical and ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Evanston, IL (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 ... ... homage to six decades of music, friendships, and learning in its 65th Anniversary ... be held Dec. 5-6. , For 65 years, Brillianteen has been ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Missouri (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... HEAL, will provide scholarships for people struggling with eating disorders as a result ... from the second annual event, held at Fox Run Golf Club in Eureka, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015 AAIPharma ... planned investment of at least $15.8  Million to ... Wilmington, NC . The expansion will ... to meet the growing demands of the pharmaceutical ... site expansion will provide up to 40,000 ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... -- Henry Schein, Inc., the world,s largest provider of health ... animal health practitioners, will unveil at the Greater New ... Pavilion , which brings together for the first time ... help any practice or laboratory enter the digital age. ... of experts appearing at the Pavilion. --> ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 25, 2015  Trovagene, Inc. (NASDAQ: TROV ), ... Chief Executive Officer Antonius Schuh, Ph.D., is scheduled to ... Annual Piper Jaffray Healthcare Conference. th ... Palace Hotel in New York ... Mr. Schuh will be available for one-on-one meetings during ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: