Navigation Links
Iron supplements might harm infants who have enough
Date:5/4/2008

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---A new study suggests that extra iron for infants who don't need it might delay development -- results that fuel the debate over optimal iron supplement levels and could have huge implications for the baby formula and food industry.

"Our results for 25 years of research show problems with lack of iron. For us to find this result is a big deal, it's really unexpected," said Dr. Betsy Lozoff, University of Michigan research professor at the Center for Human Growth and Development, and the study's principal investigator.

U.S. infant formulas typically come fortified with 12 mg/L of iron to prevent iron-deficiency anemia. Europe generally uses a lower amount. In infants, iron-deficiency anemia is associated with poorer development, and during pregnancy it contributes to anemia in mothers, contributing to premature birth, low birth weight and other complications.

"I thought that behavior and development would be better with the 12 mg formula," said Lozoff, also professor of pediatrics in the U-M Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases at the Medical School and C.S. Mott Children's Hospital

The U-M study of 494 Chilean children showed that those who received iron fortified formula in infancy at the 12 mg used in the U.S. lagged behind those who received low-iron formula in cognitive and visual-motor development by age 10 years. Lozoff stressed that most children who received the 12 mg formula did not show lower scores. But the 5 percent of the sample with the highest hemoglobin levels at 6 months showed the poorest outcome. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin, a substance in red blood cells that enables them to carry oxygen. High hemoglobin generally indicates sufficient iron.

Adversely affected children scored 11 points lower in IQ and 12 points lower in visual-motor integration, on average; the average overall score on both tests was 100. A similar pattern was observed for spatial memory and other visual-motor measures.

Lozoff noted that not many infants in Chile had high hemoglobin levels at the time since there was no iron-fortification program for infants and that more than 5 percent of U.S. infants might have high hemoglobin levels in early infancy.

In this randomized study, healthy infants without iron-deficiency anemia were given formula with either 12 mg or 2.3 mg iron from 6 to 12 months and followed to 10 years. The next step is to test the participants again at age 16, Lozoff said, who says that no such study has been conducted in the United States or elsewhere.

Iron deficiency occurs because babies grow so quickly they often "grow out" of the amount of iron they are born with. Breast milk is thought to contain the iron a baby needs for 4-6 months, Lozoff said. Other important sources of iron for infants include iron-fortified infant formulas and cereals, iron drops and meat.

Infants are typically not tested for hemoglobin or iron levels before 9-12 months. It would be premature to recommend earlier testing or to avoid supplemental iron based on the study's results, Lozoff said. She expects parents to be concerned, but stressed that results must be reproduced in other studies.

"At this point there's no basis for changing practice, but it's really important that we have continued research on this issue," she said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Laura Bailey
baileylm@umich.edu
734-647-1848
University of Michigan
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Antioxidant Supplements May Raise Womens Skin Cancer Risk
2. Vitamin D Supplements May Lengthen Life
3. Wellcorps International Unveils New Nutritional Supplements
4. Almost a Third of U.S. Kids Use Supplements
5. Harvard Medical School: Healthy Lifestyle Will Boost Your Immune System Better Than a Handful of Supplements
6. Martek Wins German DHA Patent Infringement Actions Against Lonza and One of Nutrinovas Customers in Suits Relating to DHA Product Marketed for Use in Functional Foods and Dietary Supplements
7. Exercise Trumps Vitamin Supplements When it Comes to Heart Disease and Cancer, From the Harvard Mens Health Watch
8. Study Finds Physicians and Nurses Both Take and Recommend Dietary Supplements
9. USP announces 11 new proposed monographs for dietary supplements
10. More Energy & Immunity With Vitamin Supplements This Winter
11. Research Indicates Nearly 25 Percent of Supplements Are Contaminated With Steroids, Stimulants and Banned Substances
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... Society (ONS) wanted to create a communications platform that positions them as the ... Elliance and ONS reinvented their online publication as an always-on, always-fresh news, views ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Gastro ... their partnership to prep patients for colonoscopy at the HyGIeaCare® Center that is ... Ave., Miami, FL. , The HyGIeaCare® Prep, cleared by the U.S. ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... “Vintage and Harvest A Cultivation ... and college Bible teacher residing in North Carolina with his wife, Anna Marie. He ... them with six grandchildren. David is also the author of “Shadow and Substance.” , ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The physicians of KSF Orthopaedic Center PA are proud to ... location is located at 2255 E. Mossy Oaks Rd., Suite 440, Spring, Texas 77389 ... provide patients living in the north Houston area (The Woodlands, Conroe, Magnolia, Kingwood, Humble) ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... The MBI “Hall of Fame” recognizes the ... acts have had a significant impact on the careers of all others involved. ... Inc. was inducted into the MBI’s Hall of Fame. The induction took place during ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the ... Strategies" report to their offering. ... Pain Management in the ... their physical pain, emphasizing consumer survey analysis, including trends over ... adults who have selected illnesses/conditions strongly associated with physical pain ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 24, 2017 ShangPharma, a leading ... cost-effective drug development and discovery services, technology, ... industry, announced today the intent for a ... be consolidating the Contract Research Organizations (CRO) ... ChemPartner. These entities include ChemPartner Shanghai, ChemPartner ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar. 24, 2017 Research and Markets ... Pipeline Analysis, 2016" report to their offering. ... The IPF pipeline is very strong with a ... Merck & Co., Inc., Biogen and Sanofi are involved in the development ... of which one is in Phase III stage, 15 are in Phase ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: