Navigation Links
Investigational anti-restenosis drug pimecrolimus disappoints
Date:3/31/2008

CHICAGO, Ill. (March 31, 2008) A new medication that researchers had hoped would reduce the risk of arterial renarrowing after stenting has turned in a disappointing performance in a multicenter clinical trial, but the multi-reservoir stent that was used to deliver the drug is still considered promising.

Pimecrolimus, an anti-inflammatory medication, was expected to reduce arterial inflammation and, therefore, the overgrowth of scar tissue, or neointimal hyperplasia, that causes in-stent restenosis. Instead, patients treated with pimecrolimus-eluting stents fared far worse than patients treated with stents that delivered a combination of pimecrolimus and paclitaxel, or paclitaxel alone, according to the Randomized, Multi-Center Study of the Pimecrolimus-Eluting and Pimecrolimus/Paclitaxel-Eluting Coronary Stent System in Patients with De Novo Lesions of the Native Coronary Arteries (GENESIS). Paclitaxel is also an anti-restenosis medication, but it works by inhibiting cell division, rather than by reducing arterial inflammation.

The GENESIS study was terminated early by its sponsors. The data gathered to that point are being reported today in a Late-Breaking Clinical Trials session at the SCAI Annual Scientific Sessions in Partnership with ACC i2 Summit (SCAI-ACCi2) in Chicago. SCAI-ACCi2 is a scientific meeting for practicing cardiovascular interventionalists sponsored by the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) in partnership with the American College of Cardiology (ACC).

Despite pre-clinical data suggesting marked efficacy of pimecrolimus in suppressing neointimal hyperplasia, the extent of tissue growth and resulting rates of target vessel revascularization at six months were high in patients treated with this drug, said Stefan Verheye, MD, PhD, co-director of the catheterization laboratories at Antwerp Cardiovascular Center, ZNA Middelheim Hospital, Antwerp, Belgium.

The GENESIS study was also designed to a novel stent design featuring reservoirs that are filled individually with an active drug and resorbable polymer matrix. This design enables the stent to deliver more than one drug at a time from adjacent reservoirs. In the case of the GENESIS study, the SymBio stent was loaded with two medications that inhibit restenosis by two different pathways. In addition, the reservoirs limit the contact between the polymer and the artery wall.

For the study, Dr. Verheye and his colleagues enrolled 248 patients with single new coronary artery lesions, recruiting them from 18 medical centers in Europe and Israel. Patients were randomly assigned to stenting with the Corio stent, which delivers pimecrolimus; the SymBio stent, which delivers both pimecrolimus and paclitaxel; or the paclitaxel-coated CoStar stent. All of these stents are made with the reservoir design.

After nearly six months of follow-up, shrinkage of the arterial opening inside the stent (in-stent late loss) was greatest with the pimecrolimus-eluting Corio stent (1.40 mm), mid-range with the dual-drug SymBio stent (0.96 mm) and least with the paclitaxel-eluting CoStar stent (0.58 mm), but none of the differences between stents was statistically significant. Other angiographic findings followed the same pattern, including minimal lumen diameter, percent diameter stenosis and restenosis rateas did the findings of intravascular ultrasound at six months.

At six months, 39 percent of patients treated with the Corio stent experienced a major adverse cardiac event (MACE), including a 35 percent rate of repeat procedure in the target artery. With the SymBio stent, those rates were both 14.4 percent, and with the CoStar stent, they were both 2.0 percent. The difference in MACE rates between the CoStar stent and both of the pimecrolimus stents was highly statistically significant (p<0.0001). The rate of stent thrombosis at six months was 2.0 percent with the Corio stent, 1.0 percent with the SymBio stent and 0 percent with the CoStar stent.

Despite the disappointing performance of pimecrolimus, the new reservoir stent design continues to undergo clinical testing with other medications. The GENESIS trial is the first to demonstrate the feasibility of dual drug delivery from adjacent reservoirs using the reservoir technology and demonstrates the ability for both drugs to affect the tissue response to coronary intervention, Dr. Verheye said.

Dr. Verheye will present the results of the "Randomized, Multi-Center Study of the Pimecrolimus-Eluting and Pimecrolimus/Paclitaxel-Eluting Coronary Stent System in Patients with De Novo Lesions of the Native Coronary Arteries (GENESIS) study on Monday, March 31 at 9:15 a.m. CDT in the Grand Ballroom, S100.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kathy Boyd David
pr@scai.org
717-422-1181
Weber Shandwick Worldwide
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Investigational drug tested for preventing muscle fiber death in muscular dystrophy
2. Enrollment completed in 2 pivotal phase III studies of the investigational cancer drug vandetanib
3. New Drug Application Submitted to FDA for Investigational Analgesic Tapentadol Immediate Release Tablets
4. UCB Announces Positive Results From Phase II Clinical Trial of Investigational Anti-Epilepsy Drug Brivaracetam
5. SGX Pharmaceuticals Submits Investigational New Drug Application for SGX523, a Highly Potent, Selective, Orally Bioavailable cMET Inhibitor
6. MetaCure(TM) Launches Investigational Study of Gastric Stimulator for Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Who are Overweight
7. Abbotts Investigational SIMCOR(R) Offers Comparable LDL Lowering to Simvastatin and Significantly Raises HDL and Lowers Triglycerides in Phase III Study
8. Dynavax and Merck & Co., Inc. Announce Partnership to Develop HEPLISAV(TM), an Investigational Hepatitis B Vaccine Currently in Phase 3
9. Ono and Medarex Announce Allowance of Investigational New Drug Application for Fully Human Anti-PD1 Antibody
10. Supratek Pharma Inc. announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cleared its Investigational New Drug (IND) application for SP1049C for the treatment of metastatic adenocarcinoma of the upper gastrointestinal tract
11. Accentia announces investigational new drug application for Revimmune for refractory MS
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh in Abilene, Texas, ... real facts surrounding all those Bible stories. For generations families have gathered to hear ... says there is more to these than just mere “stories”. , The article ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... of restorative dentistry, to date there has been no other option in the U.S. to ... is a now a new protocol in stopping cavity progression; Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF). ... The application is as simple as drying the tooth and applying the SDF to ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... “ HEALING MIND : ... Well Managed Mind” (published by Balboa Press) teaches readers how to become their own ... profound love, author Janice McDermott, M.Ed., LCSW, offers an understanding of how to heal ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Oregon (PRWEB) , ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... campus participated in the American Osteopathic Association’s (AOA) Match Program Tuesday, February 9, ... Match Program places students into osteopathic graduate medical education positions across the country. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... Florida Hospital presents Heart Health Awareness ... St. Louis Blues at the Amalie Arena. The puck drops at 6:00pm, but fans ... the MEGA Heart, prior to the game. The MEGA Heart will be located on ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... 2016  NOIT™ Research LLC, a private, leading-edge autism ... campaign to assist needy families in obtaining one of ... between February 10, 2016 and March 31, 2016, the ... The NOIT is an auditory stimulus that plays a ... skills. Beth Shier , NOIT Research ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Conn. , Feb. 11, 2016  AfterPill.com is ... to recommend alcohol abstinence for all women who are ... in the U.S. each year and raises the risks ... --> --> According to the Guttmacher ... 70% of women of child-bearing age, who have sex ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Iowa , 11 de fevereiro de 2016 ... inauguração de sua fábrica de soroalbumina bovina (BSA ... Zelândia. A fábrica fica na Ilha Norte da ... "), desenvolvido e estabelecido na fábrica da Proliant ... . O projeto e instalação dos equipamentos ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: