Navigation Links
Investigation finds that cigarette smoking does not affect everyone in same way

This release is available in French.

Montreal, June 4th, 2009 Cigarette smoking induced COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a disease that results in severe breathing difficulty. According to World Health Organization (WHO) it is the fourth leading killer worldwide. However the mechanisms responsible for some smokers developing COPD and others evading the disease have not been well understood.

Dr.Manuel Cosio from the McGill University Health Centre, in collaboration with Italian and Spanish scientists, reports in the New England Journal of Medicine that an autoimmune mechanism, compounded by genetic predisposition in COPD, would explain the progression of the disease in some smokers and the evasion in others. COPD has a family connection and next of kin of patients with COPD have a much higher chance of developing the disease, a characteristic of autoimmune diseases.

Although smoking is the primary risk factor for COPD in the western world, open fire pollutant cooking and heating fuels in the home is an important risk factor for the development of COPD in women in developing nations. "Smoke can play an important role in autoimmune diseases such as COPD, and other diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, because it accentuates genetic predispositions to the disease," warns Dr. Cosio.

Yet contrary to previous scientific beliefs, COPD does not progress in the same way in all smokers. The authors describe three steps in the potential progression to COPD in smokers: "COPD does not go from stage one, two and three in all people," Dr. Cosio says. "Depending on their personal balance between immune response and immune control some people would stop at stage one, others at stage two, and some will progress to stage three, full autoimmunity and lung destruction."

"Hopefully investigators will now see the disease in a totally different way," Dr Cosio stresses. "Our hope is that our research will open the door for a different investigation on COPD, where scientists learn more about the immunological processes and how these processes could be controlled and modulated to eventually provide the right treatment."


Contact: Isabelle Kling
McGill University Health Centre

Related medicine news :

1. Abbott and AstraZeneca Submit New Drug Application to the FDA for CERTRIAD(TM), an Investigational Treatment for Mixed Dyslipidemia
2. XTENT, Inc. Receives Conditional Approval for Investigational Device Exemption of Custom NX(R) Drug Eluting Stent System from United States Food and Drug Administration
3. Dissident Stockholder Ted Karkus Found to Have Undisclosed Financial Arrangements With Dr. Richard A. Rosenbloom, COO Of Quigley Pharma, From 2008 to Date of Proxy: Rosenbloom Suspended Without Pay Pending Further Investigation
4. Schering-Plough Starts Patient Enrollment in Phase 3 Trial for Acadesine, an Investigational Agent Being Studied for Prevention of Complications From Cardiac Surgery
5. PHR Calls for Investigation of American Psychological Association's Ties to Pentagon
6. DaVita Announces Completion of Government Investigation
7. Drug therapy reduces neuroblastoma tumor growth in pre-clinical investigation
8. Ethicon Endo-Surgery Novel Investigational Notes and SSL Devices Featured in 15 Presentations at Sages
9. Forest Laboratories, Inc. Reports Fiscal Year 2009 Fourth Quarter Reported EPS of $0.31 Including $0.45 Per Share Charge Related to the Ongoing United States Attorneys Office Investigation
10. Hazardous Health Plans: Consumer Reports Investigation Finds Serious Gaps in Individual Health Insurance Policies
11. As a Result of the FDA Investigation Into TNF-Alpha Inhibitors, 30 Percent of Surveyed Rheumatologists Have Altered Their Prescription Patterns for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... The rapid speed ... As people age, more care is needed, especially with Alzheimer’s, dementia and other ... are being overworked. The forgotten part of this equation: 80 percent of medical ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... a safe and convenient way to dispense prescription medications at home, so he ... effective way to monitor and dispense prescription medications. In doing so, it could ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Lizzie’s Lice Pickers just ... is offering customers 10% off of their purchase of lice treatment product. In addition, ... price. According to a company spokesperson. “Finding lice is a sure way to ruin ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... ProSidebar: Fashion is a set of 30 ... ProSidebar: Fasion, video editors can easily add an informative sidebar to any FCPX production. ... Utilize presets featuring self-animating drop zones, lines, bars, and text with the ease of ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... of progress through sharing, the 2016 Building Better Radiology Marketing Programs ... will begin on Sunday, March 6, 2016, at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 Research and Markets ( ) ... Pacemaker Market Outlook to 2019 - Rise in Cardiac Disorders ... report to their offering. Boston ... Boston scientific and others. --> ... Biotronik, Boston scientific and others. ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... of the "2016 Future Horizons and ... Abuse Testing Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment ... to their offering. --> ... "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... STOCKHOLM , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... --> Juntendo universitetssjukhus ser potential att ... av magnetresonansbilder (MR-bilder) för patienter med ... tecknat ett forskningsavtal med SyntheticMR AB för ... kliniska forskningsprojekt på sjukhuset. Med SyMRI kan ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: