Navigation Links
Investigation finds that cigarette smoking does not affect everyone in same way

This release is available in French.

Montreal, June 4th, 2009 Cigarette smoking induced COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a disease that results in severe breathing difficulty. According to World Health Organization (WHO) it is the fourth leading killer worldwide. However the mechanisms responsible for some smokers developing COPD and others evading the disease have not been well understood.

Dr.Manuel Cosio from the McGill University Health Centre, in collaboration with Italian and Spanish scientists, reports in the New England Journal of Medicine that an autoimmune mechanism, compounded by genetic predisposition in COPD, would explain the progression of the disease in some smokers and the evasion in others. COPD has a family connection and next of kin of patients with COPD have a much higher chance of developing the disease, a characteristic of autoimmune diseases.

Although smoking is the primary risk factor for COPD in the western world, open fire pollutant cooking and heating fuels in the home is an important risk factor for the development of COPD in women in developing nations. "Smoke can play an important role in autoimmune diseases such as COPD, and other diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, because it accentuates genetic predispositions to the disease," warns Dr. Cosio.

Yet contrary to previous scientific beliefs, COPD does not progress in the same way in all smokers. The authors describe three steps in the potential progression to COPD in smokers: "COPD does not go from stage one, two and three in all people," Dr. Cosio says. "Depending on their personal balance between immune response and immune control some people would stop at stage one, others at stage two, and some will progress to stage three, full autoimmunity and lung destruction."

"Hopefully investigators will now see the disease in a totally different way," Dr Cosio stresses. "Our hope is that our research will open the door for a different investigation on COPD, where scientists learn more about the immunological processes and how these processes could be controlled and modulated to eventually provide the right treatment."


Contact: Isabelle Kling
McGill University Health Centre

Related medicine news :

1. Abbott and AstraZeneca Submit New Drug Application to the FDA for CERTRIAD(TM), an Investigational Treatment for Mixed Dyslipidemia
2. XTENT, Inc. Receives Conditional Approval for Investigational Device Exemption of Custom NX(R) Drug Eluting Stent System from United States Food and Drug Administration
3. Dissident Stockholder Ted Karkus Found to Have Undisclosed Financial Arrangements With Dr. Richard A. Rosenbloom, COO Of Quigley Pharma, From 2008 to Date of Proxy: Rosenbloom Suspended Without Pay Pending Further Investigation
4. Schering-Plough Starts Patient Enrollment in Phase 3 Trial for Acadesine, an Investigational Agent Being Studied for Prevention of Complications From Cardiac Surgery
5. PHR Calls for Investigation of American Psychological Association's Ties to Pentagon
6. DaVita Announces Completion of Government Investigation
7. Drug therapy reduces neuroblastoma tumor growth in pre-clinical investigation
8. Ethicon Endo-Surgery Novel Investigational Notes and SSL Devices Featured in 15 Presentations at Sages
9. Forest Laboratories, Inc. Reports Fiscal Year 2009 Fourth Quarter Reported EPS of $0.31 Including $0.45 Per Share Charge Related to the Ongoing United States Attorneys Office Investigation
10. Hazardous Health Plans: Consumer Reports Investigation Finds Serious Gaps in Individual Health Insurance Policies
11. As a Result of the FDA Investigation Into TNF-Alpha Inhibitors, 30 Percent of Surveyed Rheumatologists Have Altered Their Prescription Patterns for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... An inventor, ... to dispense prescription medications at home, so he invented the patent-pending ELECTRONIC M.D. ... dispense prescription medications. In doing so, it could help to prevent potential overdose ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... ... No.1 Herpes-only dating community in the world, revealed that over 50% of its members are ... people under the age of 50 – or 67% of the population - are infected ... HSV-1 infection . , "The data shocks us highly!" said Michelle Li, Co-Founder of ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Keeping ... platform for mental health and wellness consultation, has collaborated with a leading web-based ... the knowledge gap experienced by parents and bring advice from parenting experts within ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... contact center software Q-Suite, announces the incorporation of Asterisk 11 LTS (Long Term ... fully supported Asterisk 11 LTS brings Q-Suite 5.10 up-to-date with a version of ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... The Catalent Applied Drug ... need to integrate dose form selection in early phase drug development. The first ... supporting and bringing together the UK’s emerging life sciences companies, corporate partners, and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 ... of the  "2016 Future Horizons and ... Surface Marker Testing Market: Supplier Shares, ... their offering.  --> ... the  "2016 Future Horizons and Growth ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 2015  The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), ... the March of Dimes cheered today,s signature into ... Act of 2015 (S.799), which takes much-needed ... exposed to drugs, such as opioids, and to ... three organizations have worked together leading advocacy efforts ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 2015  ARKRAY USA , Inc., ... evidence demonstrating the accuracy of its blood glucose meter ... Resistance, Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease in Los ... GLUCOCARD ® 01 meter and the Assure ® ... ability to accurately measure glucose levels in blood is ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: