Navigation Links
Interventions needed to promote healthy behaviors among perinatally HIV-infected youth
Date:11/7/2012

As youth infected at birth with HIV reach adolescence and young adulthood, a new study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases underscores the need to promote healthy behaviors as some of these young people become sexually active.

Like other adolescents, some of the 330 young people in the study (from 15 sites across the U.S.) have initiated sexual activity, with many reporting having unprotected sex. Of the youth who were asked about disclosure of their HIV status to their first sexual partners, the majority reported that they had not disclosed to their partner prior to sexual activity, researchers found. While sexual activity is not uncommon among adolescents, HIV-infected or not, "HIV infection adds another level of complexity to the adolescence of youth who are infected and has implications for both their own health and that of their sexual partners," said lead study author Katherine Tassiopoulos, DSc, MPH, of the Harvard School of Public Health.

The link between not following regimens for antiretroviral therapy (ART) medications known as non-adherenceand risky sexual behaviors, already recognized among HIV-positive adults, is just now coming to light in adolescents as this cohort emerges from childhood. "Among youth, both non-adherence and sexual initiation may be expressions of independence or of the desire to feel accepted by peers," the authors noted. Successful interventions may account for adolescents' growing desire for independence by encouraging medication adherence, disclosure, and condom use as behaviors that will protect the health of their sexual partners as well as their own.

Early action by clinicians can help prepare these youth to make choices that reduce risk to themselves and to their partners. A critical step is informing youth of their HIV status. In this study, 18 percent of the participants were unaware they were HIV-positive at the time they started sexual activity. Clinicians and families should ensure that young people with HIV are informed of their HIV status prior to or during early adolescence, according to current guidelines for disclosure of HIV infection to children and adolescents.

Researchers found that among sexually active youth with high viral load (> 5,000 copies/ml), 81 percent had drug-resistant virus. This raises the possibility of resistant virus being transmitted to sexual partners and also limits treatment options for infected youth. Author George R. Seage III, DSc, MPH, also of the Harvard School of Public Health, believes that one critical step in encouraging optimal adherence may be informing young people "that ART can dramatically reduce the likelihood of sexual transmission of HIV."

Although the three-pronged messagesafer sex practices, disclosure of HIV status to sexual partners, and adherence to ART regimensis not new, targeted and innovative intervention strategies are needed to reach this important group of adolescents and reinforce healthy behaviors, the team of authors concluded.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jerica Pitts
jpitts@pcipr.com
312-558-1770
Infectious Diseases Society of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Disorders of consciousness: How should clinicians respond to new therapeutic interventions?
2. Meta-analysis: Interventions improve depression in cancer patients
3. Health interventions for clergy must counteract need to put others first
4. Further steps needed to reduce stigma and expand access to substance abuse
5. For Mild Asthma, Daily Steroids May Not Be Needed, Study Says
6. Transformation of health system needed to improve care and reduce costs
7. New regulatory mechanism discovered in cell system for eliminating unneeded proteins
8. More Drug Trials Needed for Conditions Affecting Kids: Review
9. Many Teens With High Blood Pressure Dont Get Needed Tests
10. Study suggests changes in rotator cuff surgery rehabilitation needed
11. New technique could reduce number of animals needed to test chemical safety
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... Delete® - Tattoo Removal and ... The Holiday Party Season. Save Up To 33% Off Botox® and Juvederm® Products Now ... the Phoenix Valley with Delightful Deals on Botox® and Juvederm® just in ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... , ... "ProBrand Flip allows FCPX editors to create unique logo reveals which ... Pixel Film Studios. , ProBrand Flip includes 30 flip book reveal animations. Easily reveal ... a variety of flip book animations. In Addition, users can modify each preset to ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... “The Road To Restoration”: an informative ... a one hour a week showing of hands. “The Road To Restoration” is the ... you are familiar with the brass ring that you could reach out for, and ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... (Dec. 3, 2016) , ... (PRWEB) December 07, ... ... only patient advocacy nonprofit for individuals impacted by cerebral cavernous angiomas, was awarded ... New Mexico with a patient engagement program. New Mexico has more people with ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... "Hacking into my medical record ... him as 'a genius.'" Thus begins "Margaret in Berlin," Book Twelve in the ... Wyston Books, Inc. These novels narrate the lives of a poor teenager ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/7/2016)... NESS ZIONA SCIENCE PARK , ... Israeli biotechnology company Kadimastem (TASE: KDST) announced today the signing of ... strategic collaboration between the companies. The synergy between the companies will ... Kadimastem-Corestem collaboration as a worldwide leader in innovative treatment for severe ... ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... -- Based on its recent analysis of the ... recognizes Nemaura Pharma Limited with the 2016 ... Technology Leadership. Nemaura Pharma,s transdermal drug delivery ... delivery technologies, especially in delivering biologics. Its ... Memspatch and Micropatch respectively, facilitate minimally painful ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... 2016 According to the latest ... Market Study on Multiplex Detection Immunoassay: North America to ... global multiplex detection immunoassay market is expected to witness a CAGR ... ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20161114/438683LOGO) ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: