Navigation Links
Interleukin-12 indicates survival prospects for melanoma patients
Date:4/16/2008

SAN DIEGO - Higher blood levels of an immune system protein predict poor survival prospects for melanoma patients with advanced disease, researchers at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center report today at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Their finding that elevated levels of interleukin-12 (IL-12) are a marker of poor prognosis also points to a molecular explanation for a long-known risk factor for melanoma patients - older age.

Among 150 patients with Stage III melanoma, the study found that the highest levels of IL-12 are associated with a nearly 5-fold risk of death. Although older stage III patients also had an elevated risk of death, age was not a prognostic factor independent of IL-12.

"Melanoma in some cases can be vulnerable to attack by a patient's immune system," said senior researcher Jeffrey Lee, M. D., professor in M. D. Anderson's Department of Surgical Oncology. "What we've found could be evidence of a dysfunctional immune response that actually fuels the growth of melanoma."

Blood-born IL-12 provides both an accessible prognostic marker and a key connection to other signaling proteins; IL-12 as well as these related proteins already have been targeted by antibody therapies in certain autoimmune disorders, Lee said.

The research team examined age, stage of disease, and IL-12 levels in 658 melanoma patients - 445 with stage I or II disease, 150 with stage 3 and 63 at stage IV.

"First, we found that IL-12 levels increase with age," says first author and study presenter Yun Shin Chun, M.D. The mean levels of the protein increased at every age level above age 40. (See Chart)

Age, disease stage and IL-12 levels were then analyzed separately as prognostic factors. Increases in all three were associated with poor overall survival.

"When we analyzed these three factors together, only stage of disease and IL-12 levels were independent predictors of overall survival," Chun said. Age dropped completely out of the picture. Stage of disease was the most powerful prognostic factor.

Both IL-12 and IL-23 are cytokines, proteins that tell cells and other proteins what to do. Cytokines like IL-12 and IL-23 are particularly vital to immune system function. The general level of a person's immune function declines with age, Lee said, as do the levels of most cytokines. The rise of IL-12p40 with age is a relative anomaly.

Chun, Lee and colleagues are investigating IL-12's connection to the tumor promoting IL-23 and about 30 other cytokines in high-risk melanoma patients. Some of the suspect cytokines, including IL-12 and IL-23, already are targeted by therapies used autoimmune disease, Lee noted.

Age Mean level of
Interleukin-12

(picograms/ml)
< 40
75
40-59
84
60-79
96
80 >
112


'/>"/>

Contact: Scott Merville
smerville@mdanderson.org
713-792-0661
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. MSU research indicates testosterone could guard against eating disorders
2. New research indicates that a common heart drug
3. Surprising New Research Indicates that Significant Numbers of Children as Young as 11 are Engaging in Sexual Activity and that Dating Violence and Abuse are Part of Their Relationships
4. AGI Dermatics Data Indicates 8 Oxo-Guanine Repair Enzyme OGG1 Encapsulated in Liposomes, Reduces MMP-1, Increases Collagen and Enhances DNA Repair
5. U.S. Pharmacopeia 8th Annual MEDMARX(R) Report Indicates Look-Alike/Sound-Alike Drugs Lead to Thousands of Medication Errors Nationwide
6. New Study Indicates Decreasing Prescription Copayments Results in Increased Adherence for Patients with Chronic Diseases
7. Study Indicates Strong Consumer Preference to Fix Medicare Part D and Medicaid Flaws Threatening Access to Prescription Drugs
8. Breast Cancer Imaging Study Indicates Breast-Specific Gamma Imaging (BSGI) Is a Strong Adjunct Imaging Modality to Mammography and Ultrasound
9. Research Indicates Nearly 25 Percent of Supplements Are Contaminated With Steroids, Stimulants and Banned Substances
10. Study indicates pregnancy does not harm chances of survival from cancer
11. Mayo Clinic study indicates medication for ADHD may help student outcomes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Interleukin-12 indicates survival prospects for melanoma patients
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... Flottman ... and outserts. As a means of expanding capabilities Flottman has added a ... to individually code professional inserts (PIs) and patient package inserts (PPIs) that will ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... , ... December 09, 2016 , ... An inventor from ... to safely ride all types of amusement park rides. , The patent-pending SAFETY STRAP ... is easy to use and could be set up in a matter of minutes, ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... "I had a terrible time trying ... Va. "I thought that if the nebulizer had a more child-friendly design, then children ... , He developed the patent-pending NEBY to avoid the need to deliver medication via ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... MA (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... Workers Compensation Research Institute (WCRI) officially opened registration today for its 33rd ... Hotel in Boston, MA . , The theme of the conference is “Persistent ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... offering Medication Therapy Management (MTM), adherence, and other pharmacist-delivered patient care services, has ... general counsel and Eric Hoessel to vice president of sales. , Litsinger ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/9/2016)... , Dec 9, 2016 Research ... Screening Market - Forecast to 2021" report to their ... ... of open innovative models in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry ... and rising government funding. Emerging markets and growing research activities ...
(Date:12/9/2016)...  RxWiki Inc., a digital health company that powers ... thousands of pharmacies through its Digital Pharmacist SaaS platform, ... "50 on Fire" Award in the Health and Life ... the award as one of Austin,s fastest growing companies," ... RxWiki. "Our platform gives independent retail pharmacies the digital ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... , Dec. 9, 2016  Forge Therapeutics, ... AG (Frankfurt Stock Exchange: EVT, TecDAX, ISIN: DE0005664809) ... ,LpxC, for the treatment of bacterial infections including ... been recognized as an attractive antibacterial target for ... lack of suitable chemical starting points has hampered ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: