Navigation Links
Inheritance of hormonal disorder marked by excessive insulin in daughters
Date:7/28/2008

Elevated levels of insulin could be an early sign that girls whose mothers suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome -- or PCOS -- may also be susceptible to the disease, according to gynecologists who have found evidence of insulin resistance in young children.

The findings could help determine whether daughters of women suffering from PCOS are at a higher risk of developing the disease, compared to girls whose mothers do not have the disease.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age, and sometimes causes inability to become pregnant. Symptoms include hairiness due to excessive amounts of male hormones, irregular periods, and insulin resistance.

"We found insulin resistance in children who had entered puberty, and whose mothers had PCOS," said Richard Legro, M.D., professor of obstetrics and gynecology, Penn State College of Medicine and lead author. "We did not find it in the youngest children, which suggests that the disease is triggered by puberty."

Legro and his colleagues were interested in finding out whether metabolic and reproductive abnormalities associated with the inheritable disease, are more likely to show up in children whose mothers have PCOS, and how parents could find out whether their child was at risk.

The researchers designed a study to compare 38 children -- boys and girls aged 4 to 14 -- whose mothers had PCOS with 32 children in a control group. They specifically looked for the early onset of androgen -- male hormones -- production, and production of excess insulin.

"We collected samples of saliva and urine to analyze levels of insulin and sex steroids respectively," explained Legro. "But we also looked for gonadotropins, hormones that stimulate sex steroids and provide the earliest sign of puberty."

Results from the test indicate that older girls, but not boys, of PCOS mothers had significantly higher concentrations of salivary insulin. Compared to the control group, the girls also had lower levels of urinary hormones.

According to Legro, the key finding of the study is that insulin levels appear to be elevated in daughters of PCOS mothers, which becomes more pronounced as they pass through puberty. Since the androgen levels were comparatively normal throughout puberty, and insulin resistance was only found in girls who had undergone puberty, Legro argues that insulin is the primary problem, while male hormones are a secondary problem.

"Insulin is the real culprit in terms of stimulating the ovary, more so than gonadotropins, said Legro, whose findings appeared in a recent issue of The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism and was the subject of an editorial in the same issue.

"You could argue children of PCOS mothers build up excessive insulin during puberty, which in turn contributes to reproductive abnormality," explained Legro.

However, Legro cautions that it may be too early to conclude that excessive insulin is the sole factor that makes daughters of PCOS mothers susceptible to the disease. He is also not fully sure whether hyperandrogenism -- excess of male hormones -- precedes or follows excessive levels of insulin.

Researchers say future longitudinal studies will focus only on girls and try to pin down whether an abnormal level of insulin is the sole factor that causes reproductive abnormalities.

"That is the tantalizing question," the Penn State medical researcher said. "The ultimate goal would be to find the earliest sign that makes a child more susceptible to develop PCOS. Right now the earliest sign would be an elevation in insulin levels."


'/>"/>

Contact: Megan Manlove
mmanlove@hmc.psu.edu
717-531-8604
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers solve first structure of a key to intact DNA inheritance
2. Hormonal Changes and Depression: What is the Connection?
3. Hormonal dietary supplements might promote prostate cancer progression
4. Iressa shows promise for treatment of metastatic breast cancer when combined with hormonal therapy
5. Synovics Pharmaceuticals Announces Execution of Hormonal Manufacture and Supply Contract
6. Gene May Help Spur Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
7. Bipolar disorder relapses halved by Melbourne researchers
8. New Database to Help Speed Search for Bipolar Disorder Genes
9. Study documents rapid increase in youth bipolar disorder diagnoses
10. School-based overweight prevention program may cut risk of eating disorders among girls
11. APA Comments on FDAs First Approval of Medication to Treat Pediatric Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 12, 2016 , ... Mystic Buddha Publishing House presents Valentine’s Day tips on ... of Rama - Dr. Frederick Lenz. , According to Publisher Roger Cantu, ... teacher for teaching and helping others. Valentine’s Day celebrates love in all its ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Church, VA (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... CDRH Enforcement Trends: , Back ... http://www.fdanews.com/cdrhenforcementtrends , As Winston Churchill said, “Those who don’t learn from ... will show what to expect when they come knocking this year. But that takes time. ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... CITY, California (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... announce their participation in Red Carpet Events LA GRAMMY’s Style Lounge Event. Coco Libre ... healthy way to stay hydrated before the big event. The invitation-only gifting suite, held ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Every winter, someone is killed, injured or loses a home ... Center, part of the Allegheny Health Network, has partnered with Etna Volunteer Fire ... Need Space” campaign. , “Space Heaters Need Space” aims to bring awareness ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Vail knee specialist Robert ... to Know in 2016 . The list consists of physicians establishing, leading and partnering ... this list. , An Ambulatory Surgery Center, also known as an ASC, is ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Feb. 12, 2016  Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: ... decided the Alimta® (pemetrexed disodium) vitamin regimen patent would not ... UK, France , Italy ... dilute the product only with dextrose solution.  ... the UK Court of Appeal held that Lilly,s patent would ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... 12, 2016 Indiso ... den ungedeckten medizinischen Bedarf bei Lungen- und ... klinischen Forschungsprogramms bekannt. Das Programm, das sich ... ihrer respiratorischen Funktionen und anderer klinischer Parameter. ... Medizintechnikunternehmen, das sich auf den ungedeckten medizinischen ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... PRO-DEX, INC. (NasdaqCM: PDEX) today announced financial results ... The Company also filed its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q ... Securities and Exchange Commission today. --> ... --> --> Net sales for the ... 95%, to $5.4 million from $2.8 million for the three ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: