Navigation Links
Influenza monitoring by the US military
Date:7/7/2009

San Diego, July 7, 2009 The recent global swine flu outbreak has underscored the critical need for good surveillance and rapid access to epidemiological data. The US military, starting with early monitoring efforts in the 1970s, has developed a broad-based influenza monitoring system. In an article published in the September 2009 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers describe this little-known national jewel that has repeatedly made notable contributions to global influenza control through close collaboration with CDC, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the WHO, and many other partners.

National concerns about emerging infectious diseases led to the creation of the Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System (DoD-GEIS) in 1997. This program has 6 objectives relevant to influenza: (1) To isolate and identify circulating influenza viruses, (2) To detect new virus variants or subtypes for possible vaccine modification, (3) To identify influenza outbreaks, (4) To determine the incidence of influenza-like illness among sentinel military populations at high risk, such as basic training populations, (5) To prevent or control endemic and pandemic influenza outbreaks, and (6) To conduct global, operationally relevant, laboratory-based influenza surveillance.

According to the Institute of Medicine, "The DoDGlobal Emerging Infections System, through its avian influenza/pandemic influenza activities at the [DoD] overseas laboratories and headquarters, has contributed greatly to the development of laboratory and communications infrastructures within partner countries. Beneficial effects can be seen from current DoD-GEIS efforts in 56 countries to assist its public health partners in building capacity through training and support of laboratory and communications infrastructures."

Writing in the article, Col. James Neville, MD, MPH, of the US Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks City-Base, Texas, and colleagues state, "During seven complete influenza seasons, the DoD Global Laboratory-Based Influenza Surveillance Programcoordinated and expanded influenza surveillance efforts among the uniformed services and with DoD partner nations overseas, and operated in concert with WHO and CDC programs. As a result, the DoD and other global communities benefited from improved surveillance and expanded influenza laboratory and epidemiologic capability. The generated data and information supported timely, informed decision making in response to threats, expanded the data set used to select the components for seasonal influenza vaccines, and provided candidate seed viruses for possible use in influenza vaccines used worldwide."

In a commentary in the same issue, Dr. Patrick W. Kelley, MD, DrPH, of the Institute of Medicine, The National Academies, notes that, "The somewhat unexpected emergence of novel H1N1 in Mexico, rather than in the anticipated Asian setting, highlights a lesson learned about the need for comprehensive global influenza surveillance. This is a lesson that geographically diverse foreign military health systems may be well-positioned to help address."

He continues, "The success of the US DoD system, and the particular epidemiologic characteristics of military populations and military health systems, suggest that global influenza surveillance and response could be more comprehensive and informative if other military organizations around the world took advantage of their comparative organizational advantages to emulate, extend, and institutionalize the US DoD approach."


'/>"/>

Contact: AJPM Editorial Office
eAJPM@ucsd.edu
858-457-7292
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. CVS/pharmacy and MinuteClinic Receive Award of Excellence from National Influenza Vaccine Summit
2. New Vaccine from Intervet/Schering-Plough Animal Health is First for Canine Influenza Virus
3. Vaccinating children may be effective at helping control spread of influenza, experts say
4. Pregnant women at high risk of complications from H1N1 influenza
5. Doctor, Pandemic Planning Expert to Host Webinar on Influenza H1N1
6. As World Health Organization Raises Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic Alert to Level Six, Hygiene Council Recommends Simple Steps to Help Protect Families from Illness
7. Lethality of H1N1 Influenza Virus Increasing According to Latest Replikin Analysis of Virus Peptide Genomic Data
8. New accurate diagnostic test for swine H1N1 influenza using RT-PCR technology
9. CEL-SCI Expands Testing of Its Vaccine to Determine Efficacy Against More Virulent Strain of H1N1 Swine and Other Influenza Viruses
10. DIA 45th Annual Meeting Features Sessions Highlighting Wyeth v. Levine and Pandemic Influenza
11. Health Department Reports Pennsylvanias First Death Due to 2009 Novel Influenza A/H1N1 Virus
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... “My Journey Through Heaven”: the true-life account of ... profound faith of God’s promise of Heaven for His people. “My Journey Through Heaven” ... with his wife, three children and six grandchildren living and doing for God as ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... “A ... God. “A Respectful Response To Atheist Manifesto” is the creation of published author ... wife, Nancy, for sixty years. He holds graduate degrees from Kent State University ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... “More Corruption”: a simple and strong explanation of the ... of the rulers of Heaven was asked by God to write a book about Him. ... me just because I kept my commitment to the Lord God. They have not walked ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... ... Death anxiety is unconscious and needs understanding and non-judgmental support in a loving ... book titled “ As Good as Goodbyes Get ” (published by Balboa Press AU), ... experiencing at the bedside of patients who were dying. The book centers about questions ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... solutions for drugs, biologics and consumer health products, today announced that it had ... currently taking place at the Suntec Singapore International Exhibition & Convention Centre, Singapore. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... YORK , March 23, 2017 ... sample preparation market is expected to reach USD 7.2 billion ... of 7.1%. Sample preparation is a procedure in which a ... crucial step in most analytical procedures since the methods are ... preparation is one of the most shared procedures in the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Denmark , March 23, 2017 Ascendis ... its innovative TransCon technology to address significant unmet medical ... will host a conference call and webcast on Monday, ... the Endocrine Society in Orlando, Florida ... disease pipeline candidates (TransCon Growth Hormone, TransCon PTH and ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017  Cornerstone Pharmaceuticals, ... a major milestone today.  Following successful End-of-Phase ... U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the ... and regulatory path forward to conduct pivotal ... patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: