Navigation Links
Individuals Who Apply Pesticides Are Found to Have Double the Risk of Blood Disorder
Date:6/12/2009

WASHINGTON, June 12 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A study involving 678 individuals who apply pesticides, culled from a U.S. Agricultural Health Study of over 50,000 farmers, recently found that exposure to certain pesticides doubles one's risk of developing an abnormal blood condition called MGUS (monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance) compared with individuals in the general population. The disorder, characterized by an abnormal level of a plasma protein, requires lifelong monitoring as it is a pre-cancerous condition that can lead to multiple myeloma, a painful cancer of the plasma cells in the bone marrow. The study will appear in the June 18 issue of Blood, the official journal of the American Society of Hematology.

"Previously, inconclusive evidence has linked agricultural work to an increased multiple myeloma risk. Our study is the first to show an association between pesticide exposure and an excess prevalence of MGUS," said lead author Ola Landgren, MD, PhD, of the National Cancer Institute (NCI), which is part of the National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. "This finding is particularly important given that we recently found in a large prospective cancer screening study that virtually all multiple myeloma patients experienced a MGUS state prior to developing myeloma."

"As several million Americans use pesticides, it's important that the risks of developing MGUS from the use of pesticides is known," added senior study author and NCI investigator Michael Alavanja, DrPH.

The blood of study participants, who were individuals licensed to apply restricted-use pesticides, was assessed for MGUS prevalence. The median age of participants was 60 years (range 30-94 years), and all lived in either Iowa or North Carolina. Participants also completed questionnaires providing comprehensive occupational exposure information for a wide range of pesticides, including information such as the average number of days of pesticide use per year, years of use, use of protective gear while applying pesticides, and pesticide application methods. Information on smoking and alcohol use, cancer histories of the participants' first-degree relatives, and other basic demographic and health data were also obtained. Individuals with prior histories of lymphoproliferative malignancies (such as multiple myeloma or lymphoma) were excluded. Cancer incidence and mortality were monitored annually, and, after five years, follow-up interviews were conducted to update the information about participants' occupational exposures, medical histories, and lifestyle factors.

For comparison, data were obtained from a large MGUS-screening study conducted by the Mayo Clinic, and the results from the pesticide-exposed group were compared with the assessments of 9,469 men from the general population of Olmsted County, Minnesota. The two groups were similar in terms of age, race, and educational attainment. Because of the low prevalence of women among workers who apply pesticides, women were excluded from the study.

In the pesticide-exposed group, no MGUS cases were observed among those who were less than 50 years of age, but the prevalence of MGUS in those older than 50 was 6.8 percent, which is 1.9 times higher than the general population study group of men in Minnesota.

The researchers also evaluated the potential association between MGUS prevalence and 50 specific pesticides for which usage data were known. Of the chemicals studied, a significantly increased risk of MGUS was observed among users of dieldrin (an insecticide), carbon-tetrachloride/carbon disulfide (a fumigant mixture), and chlorothalonil (a fungicide). The MGUS risk for these agents increased 5.6-fold, 3.9-fold, and 2.4-fold, respectively. Several other insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides were associated with MGUS, but not significantly.

"There is great concern regarding the increase in frequency in mature B-cell malignancies in the Western world and what may be the cause of this. A number of reports in the past have linked exposure to pesticides with increased risk of these types of cancers, but the present study is the first to link agricultural work to a pre-malignant condition," said John G. Gribben, MD, DSc, Professor of Experimental Cancer Medicine at Barts and the London School of Medicine, who is not affiliated with the study. "It is vital to assess the risk of workplace exposure and disease, and the results lend further support to providing safe workplace practices to limit exposure to potential carcinogens."

"Our findings are intriguing," stated Dr. Landgren. If replicated in a larger sample from our study and other large studies, further work should focus on gaining a better understanding of the molecular basis of MGUS and multiple myeloma. Ultimately, this will result in the identification of novel molecular targets involved in the progression from MGUS to multiple myeloma and in the development of targeted therapies."

Reporters who wish to receive a copy of the study or arrange an interview with lead author Dr. Landgren may contact Patrick Irelan at 202-776-0544 or pirelan@hematology.org.

The American Society of Hematology (www.hematology.org) is the world's largest professional society concerned with the causes and treatment of blood disorders. Its mission is to further the understanding, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disorders affecting blood, bone marrow, and the immunologic, hemostatic, and vascular systems, by promoting research, clinical care, education, training, and advocacy in hematology. In September, ASH launched Blood: The Vital Connection (www.bloodthevitalconnection.org), a credible online resource addressing bleeding and clotting disorders, anemia, and cancer. It provides hematologist-approved information about these common blood conditions including risk factors, preventive measures, and treatment options.

Blood, the official journal of ASH, is the most cited peer-reviewed publication in the field. Blood is issued to Society members and other subscribers weekly and is available in print and online at www.bloodjournal.org.


'/>"/>
SOURCE American Society of Hematology
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. RA individuals from lower GDP countries keep working despite worse symptoms than richer countries
2. Companion Global Healthcare Inc. Offers Additional Hospital Choices to Employers, Individuals Looking to Save on Fully Credentialed Health Care
3. Ironman Competitor with Diabetes Inspires Individuals with Diabetes to Live Without Limits
4. Explorers Bounty Coffees and Chocolates Helping Individuals Reverse the Aging Process
5. QualityMetric Offers Way to Measure the Impact of Sleep Problems on Individuals and Groups
6. Eleventh Annual Welcome Back Awards Program Honors Individuals who Positively Impact the Depression Community
7. arc Thrift Stores to Honor Individuals and Businesses Who Support People With Developmental Disabilities
8. NSVRC Honors 12 Individuals With Award for Sexual Assault Awareness Month
9. Omega-3s May Benefit Newborns, Menopausal Women and Obese Individuals
10. HealthForumOnline Offers New Online CE Course on Working with Transgender Individuals
11. Proposed Settlement Will Make Up to $28 Million Available to Individuals Who Purchased and Companies That Reimbursed for Paxil CR(R)
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Somnoware, a leading provider of ... with its Somnoware Sleep Device Interface (SDI). Somnoware SDI is a sleep device ... this platform, initializing devices and importing studies are just one-click operations. This plugin ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... ... is sharing bold recipes for Memorial Day entertaining that are sure to satisfy ... “Boar’s Head fresh sliced meats and cheeses featured in these refreshingly balanced recipes ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... BOSTON, MA (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... ... Care Act (AHCA), which narrowly passed the U.S. House on May 4, would result ... would be expected under continued implementation of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer ... week that is focusing on the Peace Agreements being discussed by President Donald Trump ... in a race to try to speed up peace talks in the continuous battle ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... Rob Lowe acts as host and helps educate and inform the public using ... Viewers can reconnect with America as it explores some of the best places to ... for an inventive new place for a family vacation, and have discovered hiking. Many ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/18/2017)... 17, 2017  Bayer announced today that the latest ... presented at the 53 rd Annual Meeting of ... June 2-6 in Chicago . ... prostate, colorectal, liver and thyroid cancers, as well as ... II CHRONOS-1 trial of copanlisib in patients with relapsed ...
(Date:5/15/2017)... Inc., a privately-held CNS pharmaceutical company based in ... disease (PD), has enrolled the first patient in the RASMET ... study involving patients with PD and taking place at 12 ... period. The first stage is open label and involves single ... Denver , Boca Raton ...
(Date:5/11/2017)... 11, 2017  Thornhill Research Inc. ( ... an $8,049,024 USD five-year, firm-fixed-priced, indefinite-quantity/indefinite-delivery contract by ... Commercial Corporation (CCC) ( Ottawa, Ontario, Canada ... administer general anesthesia to patients requiring emergency medical ... US Marine Corps have been a longtime partner ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: