Navigation Links
Increasing concerns surrounding surrogacy
Date:1/18/2013

COUPLES seeking to build a family, and surrogate mothers overseas who help them, are in danger of emotional, physical and financial exploitation unless UK authorities monitor and regulate the field much more closely, according to a University of Huddersfield professor who has published the results of a detailed investigation.

Eric Blyth Professor of Social Work at the University of Huddersfield, and based at its Centre for Applied Childhood Studies is co-author of The changing face of surrogacy in the UK, an article which charts the rapid increase in the numbers of surrogate births over the past six years. It warns that as surrogacy becomes more socially acceptable, there is a risk that more people will make informal arrangements that lack professional back-up.

"Without well-informed professionals, including child welfare and health professionals, there is a potential danger of parties being poorly informed and inadequately supported both during the surrogacy process itself and the years ahead," writes Professor Blyth and his co-authors Dr Marilyn Crawshaw (University of York) and Professor Olga van den Akker (Middlesex University) in the article, which appears in the Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law.

Since 1990, a UK couple wishing to become the legal parents of a child born to a surrogate mother must apply for a Parental Order. Initially this was restricted to married couples. In 2008, the rules were broadened so that same-sex couples were given the right to legal parentage following assisted-conception and surrogacy.

These wider criteria could help account for a big leap in the number of Parental Orders in England and Wales. From 1995 to 2007 they remained fairly steady, at between 36 and 52 a year. But in 2009 they climbed to 75 and in 2011 they stood at 149.

Surrogacy agencies had become established in the UK, but in recent years they have been involved in a smaller proportion of surrogacy arrangements.

"This is of some concern because agencies typically remain involved with the parties throughout the pregnancy and offer ongoing support," argues the article. A reduction in this could be disadvantageous for the parents, surrogates and the children affected.

Overseas surrogacy

The article's strongest warnings are in connection with overseas surrogacy arrangements. The global situation needs to be monitored in order to minimise the risk of exploitative developments, argue the authors.

"Such developments could include financial risk to the adults concerned, physical and emotional risk to both adults and children concerned and failure to afford due dignity and attention to the children and to the formation of family life. There are already some worrying indications that overseas arrangements may pose such risks."

The article cites episodes already exposed in the media such as a 'surrogacy ring' in Thailand in which 13 Vietnamese women had been trafficked for the purpose of acting as surrogates. And there have recent concerns that Indian women are also being exploited as surrogates.

The numbers of children born in India to UK commissioning parents could be considerably higher than the number of Parental Orders applied for, states the article. And the economic disparity between surrogates and commissioning couples also leads to fears of a market in babies.

Although calls were made ten years ago for closer monitoring and regulation of surrogacy arrangements paying special heed to the potential for financial and other forms of exploitation the study reveals that there are still insufficient data.

The authors conclude that the steep increase in the number of Parental Orders since 2008 means that there is a need for better systems of monitoring, recording and scrutiny, adding that: "The apparent increase in overseas arrangements that do not result in applications for Parental Ordersis a matter of considerable concern".


'/>"/>
Contact: John Ramsdin
j.p.ramsdin@hud.ac.uk
01-484-472-693
University of Huddersfield
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Children with chronic conditions increasingly use available resources in childrens hospitals
2. Pollen Increasing at Feverish Pace, Study Finds
3. Increasingly, More Education Linked to Longer Lifespan in U.S.
4. Options Increasing for Coping With Kids Food Allergies
5. Increasing dopamine in brains frontal cortex decreases impulsive tendency, UCSF-Gallo study finds
6. Increasing dopamine in frontal cortex decreases impulsive tendency, UCSF-Gallo scientists find
7. Hookah smoking increasingly common among first-year college women
8. For highly educated women, families are an increasingly popular option
9. Why is traumatic brain injury increasing among the elderly?
10. Hog Ties, Duct Tape, and Airlines: Lawyers at Console & Hollawell Discuss Liability Concerns over Restraining Passengers Mid-Flight
11. Online message boards provide outlets for mothers concerns, MU researcher says
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Increasing concerns surrounding surrogacy
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... ... Coast Dental has a new way to help parents keep their children's ... Yvonne Dorrian, DMD, is hosting a free seminar on Friday, February 19 from 2 ... 1207 North Peachtree Parkway in Peachtree City. Dr. Dorrian will have healthy snacks, activities, ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... York, NY (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... are too much to handle, you are not alone. According to the Center for ... include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer, some of ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... San Francisco, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... helped raise $792,000 to help combat pancreatic cancer. , Gary D. Radine, who recently ... who also was the American Cancer Society’s 2015 CEO of the Year , ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Discover the Rocky Mountain region’s longest ... and 700 companies. Attendees also get to see the most incredible gardens and ... Home Show , at the Colorado Convention Center - 700 14th St. Denver CO, ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... , ... February 08, 2016 , ... Guruji Mahendra Kumar ... 10th and 11th, 2016 in honor of his birthday on February 10th. During ... Mahendra Trivedi is known by over 250,000 people from over 40 different countries ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)...  The University of Michigan Health System in ... part of the development of four new operating rooms, ... the U.S. to start using new top-of-the-line neurosurgical imaging ... of neurosurgery. --> Karin Muraszko , ... The BrightMatter technology from Synaptive Medical – a highly ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... 2016  Aoxing Pharmaceutical Company, Inc. (NYSE MKT: AXN) today ... ended December 31, 2015, the Company achieved revenue of $8,195,839, ... same quarter in fiscal 2015. --> ... fiscal year 2016 was $2,068,635, or $.03 per share, up ... share, in the Q2 of fiscal year 2015. Gross margin ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... , Feb. 8, 2016 ... the addition of the "Label-Free Detection ... Forecasts to 2020" report to their ... announced the addition of the "Label-Free ... Global Forecasts to 2020" report to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: