The outcome of interest was the annual rate of hospitalization obtained from the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
The study results indicate an unadjusted mean annual rate of hospitalization for those without elder abuse was 0.62 and for with reported elder abuse was 1.97 hospital admissions per year.
After adjusting for socio-demographic, socioeconomic variables, medical co-morbidities, cognitive and physical function, as well as psychological and social well being, reported elder abuse had independent higher rates of hospitalization of a rate ratio of 2.00.
Researchers found that the psychological abuse rate ratio (2.22), financial exploitation (1.75), caregiver neglect (2.43), and two more types of elder abuse (2.59) were independently associated with increased rates of hospitalization.
The mean age of those with reported elder abuse was 72.9 years. Those with reported elder abuse were more likely to be women (72 percent), black older adults (89 percent) and have lower levels of education and income.
"Elder abuse is a serious, common and under-recognized public health and human rights issue," said Dong.
According to Dong, the field of elder abuse is estimated to have lagged more than 20 years behind that of child abuse or intimate partner violence.
It is estimated that one out of 10 older adults experience some forms of elder abuse, neglect and exploitation in the United States each year.
"Given the soaring cost of health care in this country, the results my help health care providers focus on clinical screening, prevention and intervention of elder abuse cases in order to devise targeted strategies to reduce unnecessary utilization of health services." said Dong.
"With the rapidly growing aged population in this country, problems of elder abuse will likely become even more pervasive, affecting our family, frien
|Contact: Deb Song|
Rush University Medical Center