Navigation Links
Income inequality associated with overnourishment and undernourishment in India
Date:9/4/2007

Boston, MA It has been known that countries with rapidly developing economies may experience a double-disease burden that results from undernutrition and overnutrition. People living in poverty experience diseases that result from a lack of resources, while affluent individuals may suffer from diseases that result from an abundance of resources.

Researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and the University of Bristol have examined the extent to which income inequality is predictive of this double nutritional burden in India. They found that people living in Indian states with high levels of income inequality experienced a greater risk of both under- and overnutrition, even after adjusting for various demographic, economic, and behavioral variables.

The researchers found that for every three percent widening in a states income inequality between the most affluent and the most poor, the risk for being underweight increased by 19 percent and the risk for being obese increased by 21 percent.

Put simply, here's one macro-economic determinant that affects the health of the poor, via making them undernourished, and the rich, via making them overnourished, simultaneously, said lead author S V Subramanian, associate professor in the HSPH Department of Society, Human Development, and Health.

The study was published in advance online on August 20, 2007, in The Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. The paper is available at http://jech.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/61/9/802 and will appear in the print version in September.

The researchers analyzed a nationally representative database of 77,220 Indian women between the ages of 15 and 49 years, using body mass index as an indicator of under- and overnutrition. The women lived in 26 states in India. Income inequalities among the states were measured by differences in per capita consumption.

In an additional finding, higher per capita consumption expenditure at the state-level, which is a marker of economic development, was associated with an increased risk of obesity. Yet, no association was observed between higher state per capita consumption expenditure and reduced risk for undernutrition, suggesting that economic development does not have a guaranteed connection to alleviating disease among the impoverished, noted Subramanian.

The authors suggest that economic inequality and the resulting increased risk for under- and overnutrition does not reflect a lack or overabundance of resources. Rather, they emphasize the role of the distribution of these resources.

Arguably, states with a high level of income inequality tend to not only facilitate opportunities for over-consumption, but may also lead to system-level inefficiencies and corruption that in turn fail to provide adequate nutrition for those who need it, asserted Subramanian.

To address this double-disease burden and to optimize health outcomes, the authors propose implementing strategies such as ensuring access to adequately nutritional food by the poor and disseminating information about the adverse impacts of obesity within the general population and especially among the affluent.


'/>"/>

Contact: Christina Roache
croache@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-6052
Harvard School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Shorter infants have lower incomes in later life
2. Research shows that death may occur differently depending on the income level
3. Education And Income Level May Not Guarantee Health
4. The trident of unhealthy teen choices is early Lunch, Soft Drink Machine Income and Parents who relent
5. Health Insurance for Low-Income Expats in UAE
6. Classes on Proper Use of Diet Supplements for Low Income Group Elders
7. Spouses Income Taken Into Account In Nursing Home Charges
8. The higher the income the lower the disability rates!
9. Kids From Low-Income Groups Could Enhance Their Nutrition By Choosing Better After School Snacks
10. Social Drinking Increases Income
11. Income Deciding Factor For Canadians Seeking Medical Attention
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... A recent article ... people are unfamiliar with. The article goes on to state that individuals are now ... of these less common operations such as calf and cheek reduction. The Los Angeles ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Marcy was in a crisis. Her son James, eight, ... at his family verbally and physically. , “When something upset him, he couldn’t control his ... it. He would throw rocks at my other children and say he was going to ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... micro-osteoperforation for accelerated orthodontic treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive experience with all areas ... , AcceleDent, and accelerated osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is a revolutionary adjunct ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... People across the U.S. are sharpening their pencils ... an essay contest in which patients and their families pay tribute to a genetic ... 2016 National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) Annual Education Conference (AEC) this September. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Puradigm® ... Group (TGIG), has initiated cultivation and processing operations at its production facility, and ... Nevada. , Puradigm is the manufacturer of a complete system of proactive air ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. , June 24, 2016 ... GBT ), a biopharmaceutical company developing novel therapeutics ... significant unmet needs, today announced the closing of ... shares of common stock, at the public offering ... shares in the offering were offered by GBT. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 The Academy ... of recommendations that would allow biopharmaceutical companies ... with entities that make formulary and coverage decisions, a ... "value" of new medicines. The recommendations address ... not appear on the drug label, a prohibition that ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... India , June 24, 2016 ... Needles Market by Type (Standard Pen Needles, Safety Pen ... Therapy (Insulin, GLP-1, Growth Hormone), Mode of Purchase (Retail, ... by MarketsandMarkets, This report studies the market for the ... expected to reach USD 2.81 Billion by 2021 from ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: