Navigation Links
Income inequality associated with overnourishment and undernourishment in India
Date:9/4/2007

Boston, MA It has been known that countries with rapidly developing economies may experience a double-disease burden that results from undernutrition and overnutrition. People living in poverty experience diseases that result from a lack of resources, while affluent individuals may suffer from diseases that result from an abundance of resources.

Researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and the University of Bristol have examined the extent to which income inequality is predictive of this double nutritional burden in India. They found that people living in Indian states with high levels of income inequality experienced a greater risk of both under- and overnutrition, even after adjusting for various demographic, economic, and behavioral variables.

The researchers found that for every three percent widening in a states income inequality between the most affluent and the most poor, the risk for being underweight increased by 19 percent and the risk for being obese increased by 21 percent.

Put simply, here's one macro-economic determinant that affects the health of the poor, via making them undernourished, and the rich, via making them overnourished, simultaneously, said lead author S V Subramanian, associate professor in the HSPH Department of Society, Human Development, and Health.

The study was published in advance online on August 20, 2007, in The Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. The paper is available at http://jech.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/61/9/802 and will appear in the print version in September.

The researchers analyzed a nationally representative database of 77,220 Indian women between the ages of 15 and 49 years, using body mass index as an indicator of under- and overnutrition. The women lived in 26 states in India. Income inequalities among the states were measured by differences in per capita consumption.

In an additional finding, higher per capita consumption expenditure at the state-level, which is a marker of economic development, was associated with an increased risk of obesity. Yet, no association was observed between higher state per capita consumption expenditure and reduced risk for undernutrition, suggesting that economic development does not have a guaranteed connection to alleviating disease among the impoverished, noted Subramanian.

The authors suggest that economic inequality and the resulting increased risk for under- and overnutrition does not reflect a lack or overabundance of resources. Rather, they emphasize the role of the distribution of these resources.

Arguably, states with a high level of income inequality tend to not only facilitate opportunities for over-consumption, but may also lead to system-level inefficiencies and corruption that in turn fail to provide adequate nutrition for those who need it, asserted Subramanian.

To address this double-disease burden and to optimize health outcomes, the authors propose implementing strategies such as ensuring access to adequately nutritional food by the poor and disseminating information about the adverse impacts of obesity within the general population and especially among the affluent.


'/>"/>

Contact: Christina Roache
croache@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-6052
Harvard School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Shorter infants have lower incomes in later life
2. Research shows that death may occur differently depending on the income level
3. Education And Income Level May Not Guarantee Health
4. The trident of unhealthy teen choices is early Lunch, Soft Drink Machine Income and Parents who relent
5. Health Insurance for Low-Income Expats in UAE
6. Classes on Proper Use of Diet Supplements for Low Income Group Elders
7. Spouses Income Taken Into Account In Nursing Home Charges
8. The higher the income the lower the disability rates!
9. Kids From Low-Income Groups Could Enhance Their Nutrition By Choosing Better After School Snacks
10. Social Drinking Increases Income
11. Income Deciding Factor For Canadians Seeking Medical Attention
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... The Waismann Method® ... of individuals who have recently fallen victim to America’s opioid epidemic. Now, opiate dependent ... California, where they are free from the shame, stigma, and harmful labeling ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... ... understand each Medicare Advantage member’s risk, identify any gaps-in-coding, as well as ... helps transform the HCC Risk Adjustment process from a typical fragmented process ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... ... serum, “NANOCALM 300” Microemulsified Hemp Extract. This premier nanoemulsified CBD product utilizes ... into the bloodstream. Far outpacing the absorption speed of all other ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... Becker’s Spine Review, the leading ... Michigan neurosurgeon Jay Jagannathan, M.D., as a “Spine Surgeon to Know.” http://www.beckersspine.com/spine-leaders/item/35348- ... in Michigan performing minimally invasive back surgery that often results in less post-operative ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... The SeniorCare Investor will ... Forecast —on Thursday, February 23, 2017, at 1:00 PM ET. A recording of the ... of the Interactive Webinar Series. , If you want to find out what really ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/22/2017)... , February 22, 2017 According to a ... Forceps, Trocar, SIMS, CUSCO), Application (Laparoscopy, Colposcopy, Hysteroscopy, D&C, Ablation, Biopsy), ... to 2021", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global market is expected to ... 2016, at a CAGR of 7.1% during the forecast period. ... ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... Feb 22, 2017 Research and Markets ... Development Pipeline Review, 2016" report to their offering. ... Dermatological ... worldwide, and approximately one-third of the US population suffers from ... the majority of the dermatology market has remained saturated with ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... , February 22, 2017 A research ... North America and the continuously changing landscape of ... in 2016 in the North America , a ... to increase to $21.6 billion by the year 2021 representing a ... the United States and Canada ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: