Navigation Links
In utero exposure to diesel exhaust a possible risk factor for obesity
Date:7/19/2012

Bethesda, MDPregnant mice exposed to high levels of air pollution gave birth to offspring with a significantly higher rate of obesity and insulin resistance in adulthood than those that were not exposed to air pollution. This effect seemed especially prevalent in male mice, which were heavier regardless of diet. These findings, published online in the FASEB Journal, suggests a link between diesel exhaust exposure in utero and bulging waistlines in adulthood.

"It is becoming clearer that our environment profoundly affects our health in ways that are little understood," said Jessica L. Bolton, Ph.D., a researcher involved in the work from the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke University in Durham, NC. "We believe these data have important implications for health disparities as a consequence of socioeconomic conditions, in which low income neighborhoods tend to be disproportionately exposed to high levels of pollution, which we hope will inform policy and regulation decisions."

To make this discovery, Bolton and colleagues used two groups of pregnant female mice, one of which was exposed to diesel exhaust during the latter half of pregnancy. The second group was exposed to filtered air for the same time period. The mice lived in specialized chambers for four hours each day breathing polluted air and then were returned to normal housing after these exposures. Prior to birth, some of the fetal brains of the mice from both groups were analyzed to measure immune proteins and to get a "snap shot" of the fetal brain immune response to the in utero condition. Once the offspring were adults, they were placed on either a low-fat diet (10% saturated fat) or a high-fat diet (45% saturated fat). All other nutritional aspects of the diets were identical. Scientists measured food intake, body weight and activity levels before putting the mice on their diets, and then weekly throughout the experiment. At the end of six weeks, metabolic hormones were assessed. They found that males from diesel-exposed moms were heavier than the males from clean air-exposed moms regardless of their diet as adults. In contrast, females from diesel-exposed moms were heavier than control females only if they were fed a high-fat diet as adults, and they never developed signs of insulin resistance.

"If you're pregnant and have a long drive into work, you might think twice about opening the car windows," said Gerald Weissmann, M.D., Editor-in-Chief of the FASEB Journal. "It's already been established that risk factors for obesity (junk food, high fat-high cholesterol diets, etc.) begin as early as the womb. This important study shows that the air a mother breathes is also one of those risk factors."


'/>"/>

Contact: Cody Mooneyhan
cmooneyhan@faseb.org
301-634-7104
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Antibody therapy prevents gastrointestinal damage following radiation exposure in mice
2. Genetic variants, tobacco exposure and lung cancer risk
3. Leaded Gas Exposure Linked to Later Violence: Study
4. Majority of states fail to address youth exposure to alcohol marketing
5. Prenatal exposure to pollution especially dangerous for children with asthma
6. Novel biomarkers reveal evidence of radiation exposure
7. Education May Protect Brain From Exposure to Solvents
8. Taking Anti-HIV Meds Prior to Exposure May Help Prevent Infection
9. New research showing how real-life exposure to violence disrupts a childs sleep habits
10. BPA exposure effects may last for generations
11. How MyTownInsurance.com Helps Insurance Carriers Manage their Loss Exposure through On-Line Marketing
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... plastic surgeon practicing in Newburgh, New York, has recently begun offering three new ... to offering the best cutting-edge procedures and reducing downtime, Dr. Rubinstein is excited ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Everybody has their own personal preference when ... read it, and some people don't like it at all. FindaTopDoc took a look ... , Erotic literature can give readers a taste of their deepest, darkest fantasies and ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... The Aesthetic ... facelift . Dr. Talei has come up with a proprietary technique that he calls ... lifts tissues that have dropped. For all ages, patients can expect to look refreshed, ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Georgia ... Sept. 18 to 20. , The two-day conference is focused on advancing scientific ... of improving patients’ lives and eliminating racial breast cancer-related disparities. The conference theme ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... MD Now Urgent ... is MD Now’s 28th facility overall and marks the urgent care center's eighth location ... mile North of The Falls shopping mall. The new clinic offers a wide array ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/1/2017)... Pa. , June 1, 2017 Nutriceutical ... and Veterinarian Recommended Solutions (VRS), and KD Pharma Group ... in Nutriceutical Holdings by KD Pharma Group. KD Pharma ... with the option to acquire the entire company. ... in KD. They are committed to growing the NH ...
(Date:5/29/2017)... AVIV, Israel, May 29, 2017  Cellect Biotechnology Ltd. ... innovative technology which enables the functional selection of stem ... results for the first quarter ended March 31 st ... with our accomplishments in the first quarter of 2017," ... first quarter, we announced the treatment of the first ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... 2017  Leaf Healthcare, recognized for developing one ... pressure ulcer prevention, will unveil its comprehensive mobility ... Care Nurses, National Teaching Institute and Critical Care ... Leaf Patient Monitoring System is the first mobility ... The system seamlessly tracks patient movement throughout the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: