Navigation Links
In Toys and More, Are Chemicals Safe or Harmful?
Date:9/5/2009

New law tightens use of phthalates, but industry says hazard isn't proven,,,,

SATURDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Chemicals with the tongue-twisting name of phthalates (pronounced THAL ates) are nearly ubiquitous in consumer products, found in items from soaps, lotion and cosmetics to plastics and toys.

A little over a decade ago, environmental organizations such as the Environmental Working Group began to focus on phthalates and have been working ever since for tighter regulation or, in some cases, bans.

On the other side are groups such as the American Chemistry Council, representing the industries that produce phthalate-containing products. It says it supports "science-based product safety decisions."

If you're a consumer, chances are extremely high that you've been exposed to phthalates, said Sonya Lunder, a senior analyst with the Environmental Working Group. "About 95 percent of people have measurable levels of these chemicals, the phthalates, in them," she said. Often younger women, partly because of cosmetic use, have higher levels, she said.

Over the past few years, researchers have uncovered multiple health hazards, either in animal or human studies, linked to phthalates. For instance, the chemicals have been found to lower sperm quality in men as well as testosterone levels, in turn perhaps setting them up for unhealthy abdominal obesity.

Pregnant women working in the beauty industry have been found at higher risk for giving birth to boys with birth defects.

Exposure to the chemicals also has been linked with early-onset puberty and with a higher risk of breast cancer later on in adulthood.

And a study released in late June suggested that low birth weight in babies was linked to their mothers' exposure to phthalates while pregnant.

To date, the strongest links between phthalates and health have focused on reproductive problems, said Shanna Swan, a professor and director of the Center for Reproductive Epidemiology at the University of Rochester School of Medicine in New York.

"The next wave is asthma and allergy," predicted Swan, a veteran researcher in the field. That link, between the chemicals and the asthma and allergy problems, she said, is getting stronger.

As the findings of potential health hazards have unfolded, environmentalists have pushed for stronger regulation, and in some cases they've succeeded.

Under a recent law, the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008, children's toys and child-care articles cannot contain more than 0.1 percent of six different phthalates. The regulation took effect Feb. 10 of this year.

In addition, a report from the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences issued in late 2008 concluded that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency should examine whether combined exposure to phthalates can cause an adverse health effect. The council experts called for a cumulative risk assessment and suggested looking at other chemicals as well, not just chemicals within the phthalate family.

Lunder agreed with that recommendation. "We can't do this one chemical at a time," she said. What's crucial is to look at all chemicals in use, she said, adding that that's a task much easier said than done.

But looking at cumulative risk is important, Swan agreed. "We are getting multiple hits not only from phthalates [exposure] but other chemicals," she said.

On its Web site, the American Chemistry Council emphasizes the importance of first proving a hazard before removing chemicals from products.

For instance, in a statement issued April 2, Sharon Kneiss, a council vice president, protested decisions by some manufacturers to remove phthalates from some fragrance applications "without any scientific or regulatory basis." She contended that their use in fragrances does not present a hazard.

Chris Bryant, managing director of the council's chemical products and technology division, said that the organization welcomes reviews and more science on the effects of phthalates. And it supports the call for cumulative risk assessment and the study of the chemicals also underway by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, he said.

"These reviews will reaffirm the findings of scores of studies conducted by governmental agencies around the world that phthalates are safe for their intended uses," Bryant said.

More information

The Environmental Working Group has more on phthalates.



SOURCES: Sonya Lunder, Ph.D., senior analyst, Environmental Working Group, Washington, D.C.; Shanna H. Swan, Ph.D., professor and associate chairwoman for research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and director, Center for Reproductive Epidemiology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, N.Y.; Chris Bryant, managing director, chemical products and technology division, American Chemistry Council, Arlington, Va.; American Chemistry Council


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. DaVitas Award-Winning Training Program for New Teammates Reaches Milestone With 100th DaVita Academy in Baltimore, Maryland
2. People who wear rose-colored glasses see more, University of Toronto study shows
3. Global Med Technologies(R) Licenses ElDorado(TM) Software Solutions to $3.5 Billion MedStar Health of Baltimore, MD
4. Night Time Cramps No More, Amazing Amish Formula from Caleb Treeze Organic Farm Provides Instant Relief
5. Cutting Medicaid Hospice Benefit Would Cost Florida More, Put Neediest Individuals at Risk
6. See More, Do More: Siemens Highlights New Generation of Interventional Imaging Systems for Cardiology at ACC
7. PTSD associated with more, longer hospitalizations
8. Hand-held computers prod older adults to exercise more, Stanford study shows
9. TyRx Pharma, Inc. Announces Presentation of Results to Benefit Women with Breast Implants (In-Vivo Efficacy Study Regarding AIGISRx DEB) at the Plastic Surgery 2007 Meeting on October, 28 2007 in Baltimore, MD
10. Newer antidepressants led to less, not more, teen suicides
11. New study expands the list of hazardous chemicals in smokeless tobacco
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
In Toys and More, Are Chemicals Safe or Harmful?
(Date:7/27/2017)... Plano, TX (PRWEB) , ... July 27, 2017 ... ... technology and outsourced services, announces the internal promotion of Elrene Clinkscales to Vice ... Operations – Claims & Remittance Management, reporting to Derek Morkel, chief executive officer ...
(Date:7/27/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Team Novo Nordisk, the world’s first all-diabetes professional cycling team, ... a stagiaire for the remainder of the 2017 season. One of our best development ... Tour of Utah. , “Every season we are excited to move an athlete from ...
(Date:7/26/2017)... ... July 26, 2017 , ... Written By: Ashley D. Beall, ... in drug therapy for patients living with relapsing and primary multiple sclerosis that ... cell targeted therapy that has been proven to significantly reduce signs of disease ...
(Date:7/26/2017)... ... July 26, 2017 , ... “We are dentists and we thought there ... Jose, Calif., “so we invented the MAGNETIC/ LOCK BRACKETS.” , The patent-pending MAGNETIC/ LOCK ... In doing so, it offers an effective alternative to traditional braces. As a result, ...
(Date:7/26/2017)... ... July 26, 2017 , ... “We are thrilled to be ... for patients to schedule an appointment online in real time,” said Keith English, LocalMed ... Smiles provider directory will bring more Six Month Smiles patients to their providers.” , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/27/2017)...  West Pharmaceutical Services, Inc. (NYSE: WST ... 2017 and updated financial guidance for the full-year 2017. ... Reported net sales of $397.6 million, ... Net sales at constant currency (organic) grew by 3.9%. ... compared to $0.60 in the prior-year quarter. Second-quarter 2017 ...
(Date:7/26/2017)... Aesthetics, a leading medical aesthetic clinic in Singapore ... skin conditions from the inside. The natural process of ... skin becomes more transparent due to the thinning of the epidermis. Over ... the sun contributes to aging skin, causing age spots and other ... ...
(Date:7/26/2017)... 26, 2017 The Galien Foundation announced ... USA Award Nominees. Counted among the global ... recognizes outstanding biomedical and technology product achievement that improves the ... qualify, each candidate must be U.S. Food and Drug Administration ... demonstrate tremendous potential to impact human health. Sales data are ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: