Navigation Links
In New York City, Trans Fat Ban Is Working
Date:7/20/2009

Success has spawned similar efforts across the U.S., report finds,,,,

MONDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- When the New York City Health Department mandated that city restaurants change their menus to restrict trans fats, known to be a health hazard, the action was greeted with resistance and grumbling.

"There were the usual 'nanny state' comments," said Dr. Lynn Silver, assistant commissioner of the department's Bureau of Chronic Disease Prevention and Control.

Initially, the campaign was voluntary, Silver said. "But after one year, there was no change," she said, so public health officials decided to make the ban mandatory.

In December 2006, the city required that artificial trans fats be phased out of restaurant food, and the mandate was in full effect by November 2008. Silver and colleagues from the city's Department of Health and Mental Hygiene report on the effort in the July 21 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

And they deem it a success. Total saturated fat and trans fat in French fries, for instance, decreased by more than 50 percent in New York City restaurants, according to the report. Overall, the health officials found, the use of trans fats for frying, baking or cooking and in spreads declined from 50 percent to less than 2 percent.

Consumers didn't seem to mind. "It became clear that trans fats were being successfully replaced, and no one noticed the difference," Silver said. "Foods tasted just as good, and diners are healthier."

Trans fats were often used, she said, because they last longer than traditional vegetable oil, but "there was nothing terribly delicious about trans fat."

Trans fats, also call partially hydrogenated oils, are made by adding hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid. The fats are commonly found in French fries, doughnuts and baked goods, as well as margarine and shortening.

The problem with trans fats, Silver and her colleagues wrote in their report, is that increasing intake by just 2 percent can increase the risk for a heart attack or other cardiovascular problem by as much as 23 percent. Trans fats raise bad cholesterol levels and lower good cholesterol levels.

Restaurants' fears that diners would protest or the ban would affect business didn't happen, Silver said, and the good news for restaurant patrons is that they don't have to guess about what they're eating as much as they once did.

Silver said the idea seems to be catching on, too. At least 13 jurisdictions, including California, have adopted similar laws since New York's took effect, she said.

Dr. Julie Gerberding, former director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, noted in an editorial accompanying the report that Tiburon, a small community north of San Francisco, actually restricted trans fats in its 18 restaurants as early as 2003.

"The scientific rationale for eliminating exposure to artificial trans fatty acids in foods is rock solid," she wrote. Not only do they not have health benefits, but they are harmful, she said.

Though some experts have called for federal intervention to restrict trans fats, Gerberding said that idea "seems premature," but she doesn't rule it out for the future. Among other actions, she said, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration could enhance educational efforts to inform consumers about the risk.

Connie Diekman, director of university nutrition at Washington University in St. Louis and a past president of the American Dietetic Association, said that banning fats is not enough.

"While mandatory elimination of trans fats can help reduce intake, consumer understanding about healthy food choices is essential," Diekman said. Healthful eating is a joint responsibility, she said, shared by food processors, providers, health-care professionals and consumers.

Silver took it a step further. She compared the trans fat restriction to an earlier public health decision to remove lead from paint, now known to be a health hazard, especially for children.

And once those health risks were known, she said, "you really wouldn't ask a parent to choose a paint with lead or without."

More information

The American Heart Association has more on trans fats.



SOURCES: Lynn Silver, M.D., M.P.H., assistant commissioner, Bureau of Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Department of Health, New York City; Connie Diekman, M.Ed., R.D., director, university nutrition, Washington University in St. Louis; July 21, 2009, Annals of Internal Medicine


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Former Utah Governor to Talk About Her Battle With PF on ABC 4 Salt Lake City, July 22nd
2. Millstone Medical Outsourcing Expands Capacity, Enhances Loaner Kit Processing Services with New Equipment
3. OU Physicians, Oklahoma City, OK -- a 10 Year Review
4. Colgate Bright Smiles, Bright Futures(R) Kids Initiative Visits Union City, NJ
5. United Physicians, P.C. Selects National City, Now Part of PNC, for Physician Banking Program
6. Gene Mutation Increases Drug Toxicity, Rejection Risk in Pediatric Kidney Transplants
7. Celebrities Stay Fit at First Ever Full-Service Luxury Gym at Film Festival in Park City, Utah
8. Message to Kansas City, MO Residents: Forgo Fad Dieting and Join the Campaign for Healthy Weight
9. Lombard Makes Investment in The Medical City, a Leading Philippine Hospital and Healthcare Provider
10. CancerCare Launches New Program to Help Multiple Myeloma Patients Cover Transportation Costs
11. Circumcision Doesnt Lessen HIV Transmission
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
In New York City, Trans Fat Ban Is Working
(Date:2/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... Steve Helwig ... with a vital new community enrichment program, has teamed up with Citizens Opposed to ... children suffering from intimate abuse. To support all those victimized by the fear of ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... , ... Delta Dental of California and its affiliated companies announced today that ... who recently retired as president and CEO of Delta Dental of California and its ... Year , helped lead the effort to raise funds for studies to strengthen pancreatic ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Eating disorders and post-traumatic stress ... women and men with eating disorders report a history of trauma, research suggests ... of an eating disorder. , At the 2016 iaedp Symposium, the workshop, ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... GrassrootsHealth published data from its D*action ... diabetes in the GrassrootsHealth cohort with substantially higher vitamin D levels than a ... health,” states Carole Baggerly, Director of GrassrootsHealth, “the safety and benefits of ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... Vegas, Nevada (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 ... ... at RowdMap, Inc., will be speaking on how healthcare companies can use newly ... costs, manage the health of a population and intervene and capture the value ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016 ... of the "Global Obstetrics Partnering 2010-2016: ... profile to their offering. --> ... the "Global Obstetrics Partnering 2010-2016: Deal ... to their offering. --> Research ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... Feb. 4, 2016  Edwards Lifesciences Corporation (NYSE: ... structural heart disease and critical care monitoring, announced today ... (ASR) agreement with Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC to ... is part of the Company,s previously authorized program to ... stock.  --> --> ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... -- Worldwide Radiology Oncology surgical robot markets are ... systems provide a way to improve traditional open ... systems pinpoint the delivery of radiation precisely, eliminating ... problem previously, limiting the quantity of radiation that ... far beyond what has been available, promising a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: