Navigation Links
Improved behavioral health needed to respond to rising number of suicides among US Armed Forces
Date:2/17/2011

U.S. military officials should improve efforts to identify those at-risk and improve both the quality and access to behavioral health treatment in response to a sharp rise in suicide among members of nation's armed forces, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

Needed changes include making service members aware of the advantages of using behavioral health care, ensuring that providers and chaplains are delivering high quality care, and assuring that service members can receive confidential help for their problems, according to the report.

"Efforts should focus on changing the culture at all levels of the military to encourage those in distress to seek help along with efforts to identify and intervene with service members who are at risk of suicide," said Rajeev Ramchand, the study's lead author and a social scientist at RAND, a nonprofit research organization. "While the military already has made many important changes, there is still more that can be done."

RAND was asked by the Department of Defense to evaluate information about military suicides, identify the agreed upon elements that should be a part of a "state-of-the-art" suicide prevention strategy, and recommend ways to make sure the programs and policies provided by each military service reflect the best practices.

Suicide rates in the military have increased sharply since 2001, rising from about 10 per 100,000 service members to nearly 16 per 10,000 service members in 2008. Historically, the suicide rate in the military has been lower than the adjusted civilian suicide rate, but the RAND study shows that in recent years this gap has narrowed. The increase in the military suicide rate has been driven primarily by an increase in suicides by members of the Army.

RAND researchers reviewed research relating to a wide range of suicide prevention strategies and concluded that while some practices show promise, there is sparse evidence showing that programs or interventions reduce suicide. The bulk of the evidence that does exist focuses on the delivery of high-quality care for those with behavioral health problems and those who are at imminent risk for suicide.

Researchers prepared a series of recommendations aimed at strengthening suicide prevention program across the military services, including:

  • Track suicides and suicide attempts systematically and consistently across all of the military services. While the Department of Defense has adopted a new surveillance program, it is important to make sure each of the military services uses the same criteria to define suicide attempts and that information is shared among different military services.

  • Raise awareness and promote self-care by encouraging those in need to seek help and ensure that suicide-prevention efforts are linked to other behavioral health programs across the armed services.

  • Improve efforts to identify those at risk for suicide through strategies such as educating gatekeepers about how to identify those having troubles and improve surveillance programs to help identify risk factors.

  • Facilitate access to quality care by making service members aware of the benefits of behavioral health services and by educating them about the different types of behavior health care providers that are available to them.

  • Develop procedures to restrict access to lethal means for those at high risk, such as standardized "unit watch" or "suicide watch" policies.

  • Provide military leaders with guidelines on how to respond to suicides that occur under their command to help other service members deal with the loss.


'/>"/>

Contact: Warren Robak
robak@rand.org
310-451-6913
RAND Corporation
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Apica Cardiovascular receives $5.1 million investment for improved heart surgery system
2. GSA supports new US call for improved nutrition and physical activity
3. Controlling symptoms can lead to improved quality of life for end-of-life patients
4. Weight-loss surgery improved female urinary problems but male erection issues got worse
5. ALBERT EINSTEIN COLLEGE OF MEDICINE HELPS ADDRESS NEED FOR IMPROVED CANCER CARE IN RURAL AMERICA
6. Toronto Western Hospital study demonstrates improved wait times for patients suffering back pain
7. Use of AEDs in hospitals for cardiac arrest not linked with improved survival
8. Lupus Kidney Disorder Treatment Improved Over Decade: Review
9. Interactive media improved patients’ understanding of cancer surgery by more than a third
10. UT MD Anderson study finds women treated for breast cancer while pregnant have improved survival
11. Lung cancer survival rates improved through use of individualized chemotherapy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... offering education, research and medical media, has launched Contagion® , a ... diseases. , As the all-inclusive resource for infectious disease information, Contagion features ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... company is unveiling its revolutionary new 2.0 version at the International Roofing Expo ... “put the power of the world's most advanced weather technology in the hands ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... Video Remote Interpreting (VRI) within Healthcare, recently partnered with Heart City Health ... (VRI). , For nearly 23 years, Heart City Health Center has provided the ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Huntington, NY (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 ... ... web-based compliance tracking solution, The Guard, to associations of medical professionals throughout the ... HIPAA compliance, including security risk assessments, policies and procedures, employee training, regulatory updates, ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... 10, 2016 , ... Emergency rooms provide emergency care to stabilize critical health ... patients with dental emergencies at risk of losing a tooth or their smiles. Dr. ... , Common dental emergencies include:, , Avulsed or knocked-out teeth ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... Calif., Feb. 10, 2016   Genomic Health, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015. ... fourth quarter of 2015, compared with $69.1 million in the fourth ... currency basis, revenue increased 9 percent compared with the same period ... U.S. revenue was $63.9 million in the fourth quarter of ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... 2016 Mylan N.V. (NASDAQ, TASE: MYL) today ... ended December 31, 2015. --> ... total revenues of $9.45 billion, up 28% on a ... revenues of $9.43 billion. Excluding the impact of the ... branded generics business (the "EPD Business"), full year adjusted ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... -- CSI Specialty Group (CSI) expanded its specialty pharmacy ... Pharmacy Podcast. A free, weekly show, the Specialty Pharmacy ... discussion and context amongst specialty pharmacy peers and professionals. ... The Specialty Pharmacy Podcast, hosted by industry leader ... DiMascio, CHE, CMCE, CPC, is available for streaming and/or ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: