Navigation Links
Implants Double Infection Risk After Breast Reconstruction

More must be done to help women avoid painful, costly complications, researchers say

TUESDAY, Jan. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Breast cancer patients who undergo reconstruction surgeries after a mastectomy are twice as likely to suffer an infection at the surgery site if they receive an implant instead of their own tissue, a new study finds.

Researchers at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis analyzed 949 hospital admissions for mastectomy or breast reconstruction surgery at a university-affiliated hospital between 1999 and 2002.

Reporting in the January issue of the Archives of Surgery, they found that surgical site infections occurred in 50 women (5.3 percent) within one year of surgery. These infections arose in a little more than 12 percent of mastectomies where breast reconstruction involved an implant, compared to just over 6 percent of mastectomies where the reconstruction involved the patient's own abdominal tissue.

"The bottom line is that implants are associated with an increased risk of infection in breast cancer patients," study author Margaret Olsen, a research assistant professor of medicine at the university, told The New York Times. "The question is what factors contribute to this increased risk and what can be done to prevent it?"

The average time between surgery and infection diagnosis was about 47 days, the researchers noted.

Patients with surgical site infections had significantly higher hospital cost -- an average of about $4,100 per patient -- and they had a significantly longer total length of hospital stay, the study authors wrote.

Speaking to the Times, another expert said there are many reasons why implants could boost infection risks. Dr. Stephen R. Colen, chairman of plastic and reconstructive surgery at Hackensack University Medical Center in New Jersey, said that any time a foreign body is introduced during surgery it provides a surface on which bacteria can grow. And implantation involves a number of procedures that create opportunities for infections to occur, he said.

But Colen also stressed that reconstruction using abdominal tissue has its own risks. He told the Times that these procedures take several hours longer than implant reconstructions, boosting patients' odds for blood clots and lung embolisms. And in 2 percent of cases, the transplanted tissue dies, necessitating more surgeries.

Effective prevention measures would reduce both infections and related costs, Olsen's team wrote. Those measures include, "strategies to optimize the timing and dosage of prophylactic antibiotics administered before the surgical incision, glucose control in diabetic patients, promotion of meticulous hand hygiene and strategies to promote timely removal of drains, among others," they said.

More information has more about breast surgery.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: JAMA/Archives journals, news release, Jan. 21, 2008, Jan. 22, 2008, The New York Times

Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Combined radiation seed, chemotherapy wafer implants show promise in treating cancerous brain tumors
2. Freeze-dried tendon implants prove effective in early studies
3. ASPS Studies Re-Evaluate Psychological Benefits and Health Concerns of Silicone Breast Implants
4. Neural Insights Could Bring Better Cochlear Implants
5. Advertisements for Medical Devices, Implants Should Carry Warnings of Dangerous Side Effects, Infections
6. BioHorizons Introduces Its New Tapered Internal Implants Featuring Laser-Lok(R) Microgrooves
7. Little Evidence Silicone Breast Implants Harm Health
8. TyRx Pharma, Inc. Announces Presentation of Results to Benefit Women with Breast Implants (In-Vivo Efficacy Study Regarding AIGISRx DEB) at the Plastic Surgery 2007 Meeting on October, 28 2007 in Baltimore, MD
9. Bone-growing nanomaterial could improve orthopaedic implants
10. Nanowire coating for bone implants, stents
11. Depression and anxiety can double chances of heart ailments
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Implants Double Infection Risk After Breast Reconstruction
(Date:11/26/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... American Express Travel Representative. As a franchise owner, Somu now offers travelers, value ... cruise, destination wedding packages, private cruise sales, as well as, cabin upgrades and ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , ... November 26, 2015 , ... PRMA Plastic Surgery ... 19, 2015, our surgeons performed their 6,000th free flap breast reconstruction surgery! , “What ... up every day excited to rebuild lives and it’s an honor to have served ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Health-E-minds ... collaborated with Women’s Web – an online resource for Indian women looking ... and emotional well-being relationship, life balance, stress, professional development, and lifestyle. Health-E-minds ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... accessible for all, Water For Empowerment ™ attracts volunteers together who want ... water by empowering women as key stakeholders in the process. The non-profit launched ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Neb. (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... staffing companies, has been recognized once again for its stellar workplace culture with ... to Work.” , Medical Solutions’ Cincinnati office was named a finalist ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... --> adds "Global ... and "Investigation Report on China Repaglinide ... 2021 forecasts data and information to ... . --> ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... DUBLIN , Nov. 26, 2015 ... the addition of the "2016 Future Horizons ... Monitoring (TDM) Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, ... offering. --> ... comprehensive analysis of the Italian therapeutic drug monitoring ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the  "2016 ... the European Cell Surface Marker Testing ... Opportunities"  report to their offering.  ... the addition of the  "2016 Future ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: