Navigation Links
Immune system pathway identified to fight allergens, asthma

PITTSBURGH, May 7 For the first time, researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have identified genetic components of dendritic cells that are key to asthma and allergy-related immune response malfunction. Targeting these elements could result in more effective drugs to treat allergic disorders and asthma, according to a study reported in the May edition of the journal Nature Medicine.

Dendritic cells are vital to immune response in that they recognize, capture and introduce threatening organisms to T lymphocytesother immune cells that secrete potent proteins called cytokines that surround and destroy the invaders. However, the Pittsburgh teams study goes further to illuminate a pathway that allergens use to act directly on dendritic cells to propel differentiation into the T lymphocytes that fight back.

We now have identified a molecule, c-Kit, that is central to the process of allergic response, said Anuradha Ray, Ph.D., co-corresponding author and professor of medicine and immunology in the Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. We show that genes encoding for c-Kit and the cytokine interleukin 6 (IL-6) are significantly activated when allergens are present, but c-Kit is the very first molecule that gets triggered.

Interactions between viruses and bacteria and molecular steps that initiate the immune defense have remained largely unknown. Using cells cultured from c-Kit mutant mice, Dr. Ray, her husband and co-corresponding author Prabir Ray, Ph.D., and their colleagues studied molecular reactions to assaults by cholera toxin and a standard allergen, house dust mites. In addition to c-Kit and IL-6, they found effects on stem cell factor and Jagged-2immune system molecules that are parts of the activation process.

We have known the T-cell side of the story for many years, and we know that dendritic cells are important, but what we did not know was how the dendritic cell does what it does, said Dr. Prabir Ray. Therapy directed against c-Kit specifically on dendritic cells using compounds coupled to c-Kit inhibitors such as Gleevec, a drug that is already FDA-approved and used in cancer treatment, may alleviate allergic diseases and, potentially, inflammatory bowel disease.

The Pittsburgh team incubated dendritic cells with cholera toxin and house dust mite allergens, finding that both substances induced significant secretion of c-Kit and IL-6, initial steps in a cascade resulting in the activation of T helper cells.

Dual upregulation of c-Kit and stem cell factor has been noted in some cancers, such as small cell lung cancer. IL-6 has been associated with cancers such as multiple myeloma, said Dr. Anuradha Ray. Collectively, similar approaches to inhibit c-Kit, in addition to Gleevec or other inhibiting compounds could alleviate multiple cancers.


Contact: Michele Baum
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Related medicine news :

1. Penn study finds pro-death proteins required to regulate healthy immune function
2. Immune deficiency linked to a type of eye cancer
3. Tumors use enzyme to recruit regulatory T-cells and suppress immune response
4. Melanoma drug revs immune cells but cancer cells ignore it
5. Study identifies key player in the bodys immune response to chronic stress
6. MedImmune Resolves FDA Observations Regarding Manufacturing Process for FluMist(R)
7. UVA researchers find important clue to immune infertility
8. M.D. Anderson-led team reports possible key to autoimmune disease
9. Their immune cells, fighting your cancer
10. MedImmune Licenses Reverse Genetics Technology to GlaxoSmithKline for Use in Influenza Vaccine Development and Production
11. Occupational exposures may be linked to death from autoimmune disease
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/29/2015)... San Jose, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 29, 2015 , ... ... Bay Area, is proud to announce their December, 2015, featured apartment community: Epic. In ... looking for corporate housing in the tight Bay Area rental market to efficiently find ...
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Safe storage for contraceptive devices may not always be easy ... Jersey and the other from Bradley Beach, New Jersey, there is an easy solution ... having to replace NuvaRings more often than necessary. As such, it affords peace of ...
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... , ... Beginning November 30th at 6:00 a.m. EST until 11:59 p.m. EST, ... of up to 20% off orders $80 or more to free gifts with purchases, there ... , As a competitive e-commerce website for skin care and cosmetic needs, customers will save ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 28, 2015 , ... There is only one major question facing ... last year? , This question has not been an easy question to answer. Especially ... age and the younger workforce don’t share the same discipline around working long hours. ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... According to an article published ... Toronto and the University of British Columbia suggested that laws requiring bicyclists to wear ... explains that part of the reason for the controversial conclusion is that, while helmets ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... Nov. 26, 2015 Research and Markets ... the "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies ... Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, Emerging ... --> --> This ... the Italian therapeutic drug monitoring market, including emerging ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... the addition of the  "2016 Future ... European Cell Surface Marker Testing Market: ...  report to their offering.  --> ... addition of the  "2016 Future Horizons ...
(Date:11/25/2015)...  The total global healthcare industry is expected to grow ... Latin America has the highest projected growth at ... Japan ), is second with growth projected at 11.5%. ... healthcare expenditure. In 2013-2014, total government funded healthcare was nearly ... to 41.2% in 2013-2014. In real terms, out of pocket ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: