Navigation Links
Immune Cells Shrink Tumors in Mice
Date:2/13/2009

They target a protein found in some cancers, study finds

FRIDAY, Feb. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists say certain tumors in mice have shrunk or disappeared after the animals were injected with genetically engineered immune system cells that target a protein found in certain human cancers.

The lab-altered T-cells zeroed in on mesothelin, a still mysterious protein produced in abundance by all pancreatic cancers and mesotheliomas, as well as many ovarian and non-small-cell lung cancers. The protein is believed to play a role in the spread and growth of cancer cells, a theory backed by past animal and human studies that found attacking mesothelin can shrink tumors.

"Based on the size of the tumors and the number of cells administered, we estimate that one mesothelin-targeted T-cell was able to kill about 40 tumor cells," study leader Dr. Carl H. June, a professor of pathology and laboratory medicine at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, said in a news release issued by the school and its partner in the research, the U.S. National Institutes of Health. "This finding indicates that small doses of these cells may have potential in treating patients with large tumors."

According to the study, published in this week's online issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the altered T-cells secrete proteins attracted to mesothelin. Once bound to the mesothelin, the T-cells fighting ability shifts into overdrive, producing multiple cytokines that boost the immune system. Other proteins are released by the T-cells to make them less susceptible to tumor's defenses.

The researchers tested the new T-cells on mice with tumors that developed from the implantation of human mesothelioma cells in their skin. When the T-cells were injected into tumors or into the veins of the mice, the tumors disappeared or shrank.

"Mesothelin is a promising candidate for generating tumor-targeting T-cells, given its limited expression in normal tissues and high expression in several cancers," study collaborator Dr. Ira Pastan, chief of the molecular biology laboratory of the U.S. National Cancer Institute's Center for Cancer Research, said in the news release.

Clinical trials that would use the altered T-cells in patients with mesothelioma and ovarian cancer are in the works, June said.

More information

The U.S. National Cancer Institute has more about mesothelioma.



-- Kevin McKeever



SOURCE: U.S. National Institutes of Health/University of Pennsylvania, news release, Feb. 9, 2009


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Penn study finds pro-death proteins required to regulate healthy immune function
2. Immune deficiency linked to a type of eye cancer
3. Tumors use enzyme to recruit regulatory T-cells and suppress immune response
4. Melanoma drug revs immune cells but cancer cells ignore it
5. Study identifies key player in the bodys immune response to chronic stress
6. MedImmune Resolves FDA Observations Regarding Manufacturing Process for FluMist(R)
7. UVA researchers find important clue to immune infertility
8. M.D. Anderson-led team reports possible key to autoimmune disease
9. Their immune cells, fighting your cancer
10. MedImmune Licenses Reverse Genetics Technology to GlaxoSmithKline for Use in Influenza Vaccine Development and Production
11. Occupational exposures may be linked to death from autoimmune disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Immune Cells Shrink Tumors in Mice
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... PawPaws brand pet supplements ... that was developed to enhance the health of felines. The formula is all-natural and ... main herbs in the PawPaws Cat Kidney Support Supplement Soft Chews are ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... , ... Austin residents seeking Mohs surgery services, can now turn to Dr. ... Russell Peckham for medical and surgical dermatology. , Dr. Dorsey brings specialization to include ... in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. Dorsey was under the direction of Glenn ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... As ... with Magna Cum Laude and his M.D from the David Geffen School of Medicine ... and returned to Los Angeles to complete his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... A recent article published June 14 ... The article goes on to state that individuals are now more comfortable seeking to ... operations such as calf and cheek reduction. The Los Angeles area medical group, Beverly ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... The Pulmonary Hypertension Association (PHA) ... will receive two significant new grants to support its work to advance research ... anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and scientists for their work in fighting ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... 2016 Jazz Pharmaceuticals plc (Nasdaq: ... Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended ("HSR"), ... Inc. ("Celator"; Nasdaq: CPXX ) expired effective ... As previously announced on May 31, 2016, ... agreement under which Jazz Pharmaceuticals has commenced a tender ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... FRANCISCO, Calif. , June 24, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... ), a biopharmaceutical company developing novel therapeutics for ... unmet needs, today announced the closing of its ... of common stock, at the public offering price ... in the offering were offered by GBT. GBT ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Dehaier Medical Systems Ltd. (NASDAQ: ... and sells medical devices and wearable sleep respiratory products ... cooperation agreement with Hongyuan Supply Chain Management Co., Ltd. ... 20, 2016, to develop Dehaier,s new Internet medical technology ... will leverage Hongyuan Supply Chain,s sales platform to reach ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: