Navigation Links
Ignoring stress leads recovering addicts to more cravings
Date:6/23/2010

Recovering addicts who avoid coping with stress succumb easily to substance use cravings, making them more likely to relapse during recovery, according to behavioral researchers.

"Cravings are a strong predictor of relapse," said H. Harrington Cleveland, associate professor of human development, Penn State. "The goal of this study is to predict the variation in substance craving in a person on a within-day basis. Because recovery must be maintained 'one day at a time,' researchers have to understand it on the same daily level."

Cleveland and his colleague Kitty S. Harris, director, Center for the Study of Addiction and Recovery, Texas Tech University, used data from a daily diary study of college students who are recovering addicts to identify the processes that trigger cravings and prevent some addicts from building a sustained recovery.

The researchers found that how addicts cope with stress -- either by working through a problem or avoiding it -- is a strong predictor of whether they will experience cravings when faced with stress and negative mood.

"Whether you avoid problems or analyze problems not only makes a big difference in your life but also has a powerful impact on someone who has worked hard to stay away from alcohol and other drugs," explained Cleveland. "When faced with stress, addicts who have more adaptive coping skills appear to have a better chance of staying in recovery." The findings appeared in a recent issue of Addictive Behaviors.

Researchers supplied Palm Pilots to 55 college students who were in recovery from substance abuse ranging from alcohol to cocaine and club drugs. The students were asked to record the their daily cravings for alcohol and other drugs, as well as the intensity of negative social experiences -- hostility, insensitivity, interference, and ridicule -- and their general strategies for coping with stress.

"We looked at variations in the number of cravings across days and found that these variations are predicted by stressful experiences," said Cleveland. "More importantly, we found that the strength of the daily link between experiencing stress and the level of cravings experienced is related to the participants' reliance on avoidance coping."

Statistical analyses of the survey data suggests that the magnitude of the link between having a stressful day and experiencing substance use cravings doubles for recovering addicts who cope with stress by avoiding it.

"We found that addicts who deal with stress by avoiding it have twice the number of cravings in a stressful day compared to persons who use problem solving strategies to understand and deal with the stress," explained Cleveland. "Avoidance coping appears to undercut a person's ability to deal with stress and exposes that person to variations in craving that could impact recovery from addiction."

According to Cleveland, the findings suggest the impulse to avoid stress is never going to help recovering addicts because stressful experiences cannot be avoided.

"If your basic life strategy is to avoid stress, then your problems will probably end up multiplying and causing you more problems," he added.


'/>"/>

Contact: Amitabh Avasthi
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. 'Biggest Mantra Directory on the Internet' for Downloading Mantras for Stress Management, Partnerships and Money Free of Cost
2. Females May Be Naturally More Prone to Stress: Animal Study
3. UND Acquires ProtectionPlus in Ongoing Effort to Reduce Nuclear Stress Testing Costs for Physicians
4. A Good Night's Sleep Can Help Reduce June Wedding Planning Stress
5. Bursts of Vigorous Activity Appear to Be a Stress-Buffer
6. Brief Exercise Reduces Impact of Stress on Cell Aging, UCSF Study Shows
7. New Book Says Good Stress and Probiotics can Change Your Life
8. Confiding Eases Older Mens Stress Over Sexual Problems
9. Survey Finds Those Over 50 Are Less Stressed
10. New research shows cardiologists can quickly detect significant coronary artery disease using a non-invasive simple, short respiratory stress test
11. More Couples Turn to Phone Counseling in Times of Stress
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/4/2016)... New York, NY (PRWEB) , ... May 04, ... ... country’s leading private owners, developers and operators of commercial real estate proudly announced ... its 2015 Heart Health initiative. Team members portfolio-wide will continue Olshan Properties’ ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... MD (PRWEB) , ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... Ostomy and Continence Nurses (WOCN) Society™ and Canadian Association for Enterostomal Therapy ... event promotion, time saving and planning tools to attendees and exhibitors for the ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... Gilmer, TX (PRWEB) , ... May 04, 2016 ... ... commencement of a master charity program created to assist the people of their ... working closely with nonprofit organizations and community leaders. Their hope is to bring ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... , ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... 2016. SS&A teamed up with one of the top website design companies to ... contains informative legal articles related to the law firm's main practice areas. These ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Nordic Naturals announces another breakthrough innovation—Omega Curcumin, ... synergistic combination of omega-3 fatty acids and potent antioxidants contains 1000 mg concentrated ... and 200 mg of N-Acetylcysteine (NAC). , Each nutrient plays a distinct ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... 2016 According to market research ... Growth and Demand Forecast to 2022 - Industry Insights ... Field, Very High Field, Low to Mid Field, and ... Spine, Musculoskeletal, Vascular, Breast, Pelvic and Abdomen, Cardiac, and ... (MRI) market was valued at $5,351.7 million in 2015, ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... Norgine B.V. und ... entscheidenden Meilenstein durch diese Veröffentlichung zur  Hepatischen ... um Patientenresultate  bei Verdauungs- und Lebererkrankungen zu ... Verständnis der Hepatischen Enzephalopathie bei und hebt ... Enzephalopathie in der Öffentlichkeit zu schaffen und ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... 2016  Celsion Corporation (NASDAQ: CLSN ), ... from the first cohort of patients in its ... Study) combining GEN-1, the Company,s DNA-based immunotherapy, with ... newly-diagnosed patients with advanced ovarian cancer who will ... In the first three patients dosed, GEN-1 plus ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: