Navigation Links
Ignoring stress leads recovering addicts to more cravings
Date:6/23/2010

Recovering addicts who avoid coping with stress succumb easily to substance use cravings, making them more likely to relapse during recovery, according to behavioral researchers.

"Cravings are a strong predictor of relapse," said H. Harrington Cleveland, associate professor of human development, Penn State. "The goal of this study is to predict the variation in substance craving in a person on a within-day basis. Because recovery must be maintained 'one day at a time,' researchers have to understand it on the same daily level."

Cleveland and his colleague Kitty S. Harris, director, Center for the Study of Addiction and Recovery, Texas Tech University, used data from a daily diary study of college students who are recovering addicts to identify the processes that trigger cravings and prevent some addicts from building a sustained recovery.

The researchers found that how addicts cope with stress -- either by working through a problem or avoiding it -- is a strong predictor of whether they will experience cravings when faced with stress and negative mood.

"Whether you avoid problems or analyze problems not only makes a big difference in your life but also has a powerful impact on someone who has worked hard to stay away from alcohol and other drugs," explained Cleveland. "When faced with stress, addicts who have more adaptive coping skills appear to have a better chance of staying in recovery." The findings appeared in a recent issue of Addictive Behaviors.

Researchers supplied Palm Pilots to 55 college students who were in recovery from substance abuse ranging from alcohol to cocaine and club drugs. The students were asked to record the their daily cravings for alcohol and other drugs, as well as the intensity of negative social experiences -- hostility, insensitivity, interference, and ridicule -- and their general strategies for coping with stress.

"We looked at variations in the number of cravings across days and found that these variations are predicted by stressful experiences," said Cleveland. "More importantly, we found that the strength of the daily link between experiencing stress and the level of cravings experienced is related to the participants' reliance on avoidance coping."

Statistical analyses of the survey data suggests that the magnitude of the link between having a stressful day and experiencing substance use cravings doubles for recovering addicts who cope with stress by avoiding it.

"We found that addicts who deal with stress by avoiding it have twice the number of cravings in a stressful day compared to persons who use problem solving strategies to understand and deal with the stress," explained Cleveland. "Avoidance coping appears to undercut a person's ability to deal with stress and exposes that person to variations in craving that could impact recovery from addiction."

According to Cleveland, the findings suggest the impulse to avoid stress is never going to help recovering addicts because stressful experiences cannot be avoided.

"If your basic life strategy is to avoid stress, then your problems will probably end up multiplying and causing you more problems," he added.


'/>"/>

Contact: Amitabh Avasthi
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. 'Biggest Mantra Directory on the Internet' for Downloading Mantras for Stress Management, Partnerships and Money Free of Cost
2. Females May Be Naturally More Prone to Stress: Animal Study
3. UND Acquires ProtectionPlus in Ongoing Effort to Reduce Nuclear Stress Testing Costs for Physicians
4. A Good Night's Sleep Can Help Reduce June Wedding Planning Stress
5. Bursts of Vigorous Activity Appear to Be a Stress-Buffer
6. Brief Exercise Reduces Impact of Stress on Cell Aging, UCSF Study Shows
7. New Book Says Good Stress and Probiotics can Change Your Life
8. Confiding Eases Older Mens Stress Over Sexual Problems
9. Survey Finds Those Over 50 Are Less Stressed
10. New research shows cardiologists can quickly detect significant coronary artery disease using a non-invasive simple, short respiratory stress test
11. More Couples Turn to Phone Counseling in Times of Stress
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... Bionic Sports Nutrition LLC, ... of life, announced it had a successful January ECRM Trade Show in Hilton Head, ... United States, which allows it to provide its products to all clients at reasonable ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... "TransFlare 4K Mystique comes with 44 colorful mysterious ... X," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , TransFlare 4K ... 4K Mystique lens flare and light leak transitions have a very high-dynamic range for ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... 20, 2017 , ... “I Forgive You”: a fine examination of how God handles sin, ... creation of published author, Stephen Miller, who, for over ten long years has been waiting ... Born in Trinidad and Tobago, he has been serving the Lord for over twenty years, ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... “The Land of More and More”: a brilliant story ... and shares the simple and achievable answer. “The Land of More and More” is ... Missionary Church in Angola, Indiana where he works with the children’s ministry department. ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... expansion and facility enhancement of their 503A compounding pharmacy located in Ocala, Florida. ... demand of physicians and patients throughout the United States for high-quality human ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 19, 2017 The Global Therapy ... and access to partnering deals and agreements entered into ... in partnering deals - Top deals by value - ... development, technology type The report provides understanding and ... by the world,s leading healthcare companies. The report ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Report Details ... Alzheimer,s Disease Therapeutics and ... our new study reveals trends, R&D progress, and predicted ... the Alzheimer,s disease therapeutics and diagnostics market. Our new ... - How is the Alzheimer,s disease therapeutics and diagnostics ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... 2017  Stealth BioTherapeutics Inc. ( Stealth ), a ... today announced new additions to its senior leadership team: ... Officer, and Daniel Geffken as interim Chief ... Carr , Pharm.D. has been promoted to Chief Clinical ... welcome Doug and Daniel to our management team, as ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: